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THE QURAN LEAD 
THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



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HARUN YAHYA 



God sunmns humanity to i rMEStx^ate and infect upon the h^Hfl^, the 
srdv mountains, stars, pbnt^ ffieds, aninab, the aftendlnn of the right 
and the day, the cr^tbn nl run, the ran and many othef c isrt ed thmp. 
Em ining these,, nan cones to wograetheartb&yaf God'? c rattan in the 
worid wound Mix and uMnatc^ to hmw in-. Oatfbr, Who c rooted the 
^reunwc£»arid cweiythiRg ift ft from nothing. 
"Scenre" ofleisa method fcy wticfri the unneGE,andalllhe tangs Theidn, 

ntating it to manfcbd. Hef g b n, thef^oi^. encourages science, act pti ng rt as 
a tool by whizh to study the su bt feties of Godscia*ion_ 
Refigbn not only encourac^s scientific study, but also permits that, support- 
ed by the truths rambd tbnigh reigbn scientffi: leseaich be condLEwe 
andexpeditbus-Thersson berig, that reigbn e the only source to provide 
accural and d^nrtive answee as to how life and the universe car*e nto 
heng. 

Tfrefe is one fact that nust be reco^~i[zedckBr^r:scbncecan. ach*e*e reiaUe 

' atbn of theses of 
crstbn n the unices and strties sofely towards this end. See nee may 
rmch its ultnatocpal in the- shortest possibb tine only if it e pointed in the 
ri]ht diectba that e, if it e ixjttJy guided. 




AKXHTHEAtrntM 

ha author; who wrta tntor 4k pn-mna Itarun 

Tahya, was born in Anbra i n 1 ERG. He stuffed art; at 
ts3anb'J J s Mnar Sban Unrrcrsfty and phiosopt^r at 
Istanbul University. Since the 198Cte P the author has pub- 
lEhed nany boots on postal ferth-r^ated and scientif- 
ic issues. Harun Yahya e WEll-fcno-*n as an author who 
has written very important wort cEsclosing the forgery 
of euolutbnists, the bvalidity of thejrebims and the dart iaisons b^waen 
Darwbrsm and bloody ideolo^es. Sone of the boots of the author ha*e been 
t Fanstated nto E rigEsh, Gem-an.. F perch, Italrart, Spanish, Portu^ues^. Ataman, 
Arabic, Polish, Russrart BosntarL lndonesian,Turli Tatar, Urdu and htatay and 
pifclshed b the countrbs concerned. Harun Yahya's books appsJ to al peo- 
pfe, Muslims and non-Muslns ai te. jegarclessof theirac^ race^ and nation- 
al ity J as they certeraround one- cjiaJ : to open the rcscbrs^ m nd by presenting 
the signs of God's Genual aosterve to then. 




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To The Reader 



In all the books by the author, faith-related issues are explained in 

the light of the Qur'anic verses and people are invited to learn 

God's words and to live by them. All the subjects that concern 

God's verses are explained in such a way as to leave no room for 

doubt or question marks in the reader's mind. The sincere, plain 

and fluent style employed ensures that everyone of every age and 

from every social group can easily understand the books. This 

effective and lucid narrative makes it possible to read them in a 

single sitting. Even those who rigorously reject spirituality are 

influenced by the facts recounted in these books and cannot refute 

the truthfulness of their contents. 

This book and all the other works of the author can be read 

individually or discussed in a group at a time of conversation. 

Those readers who are willing to profit from the books will find 

discussion very useful in the sense that they will be able to relate 

their own reflections and experiences to one another. 

In addition, it will be a great service to the religion to contribute to 

the presentation and reading of these books, which are written 
solely for the good pleasure of God. All the books of the author are 

extremely convincing. For this reason, for those who want to 

communicate the religion to other people, one of the most effective 

methods is to encourage them to read these books. 

It is hoped that the reader will take time to look through the review 

of other books on the final pages of the book, and appreciate the rich 

source of material on faith-related issues, which are very useful 

and a pleasure to read. 

In these books, you will not find, as in some other books, the 

personal views of the author, explanations based on dubious 

sources, styles that are unobservant of the respect and reverence 

due to sacred subjects, nor hopeless, doubt-creating, and pessimistic 

accounts that create deviations in the heart. 






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January, 2004 






About The Author 



Now writing under the pen-name of HARUN YAHYA, he was born in 
Ankara in 1956. Having completed his primary and secondary education 
in Ankara, he studied arts at Istanbul's Mimar Sinan University and 
philosophy at Istanbul University. Since the 1980s, he has published 
many books on political, scientific, and faith-related issues. Harun Yahya 
is well-known as the author of important works disclosing the imposture 
of evolutionists, their invalid claims, and the dark liaisons between 
Darwinism and such bloody ideologies as fascism and communism. 

His pen-name is a composite of the names Harun (Aaron) and Yahya 
(John), in memory of the two esteemed Prophets who fought against 
their people's lack of faith. The Prophet's seal on the his books' covers is 
symbolic and is linked to the their contents. It represents the Qur'an (the 
final scripture) and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), last of 
the prophets. Under the guidance of the Qur'an and the Sunnah 
(teachings of the Prophet), the author makes it his purpose to disprove 
each fundamental tenet of godless ideologies and to have the "last word," 
so as to completely silence the objections raised against religion. He uses 
the seal of the final Prophet, who attained ultimate wisdom and moral 
perfection, as a sign of his intention to offer the last word. 

All of Harun Yahya 's works share one single goal: to convey the Qur' 
an's message, encourage readers to consider basic faith-related issues 
such as God's Existence and Unity and the hereafter; and to expose 
godless systems' feeble foundations and perverted ideologies. 

Harun Yahya enjoys a wide readership in many countries, from India 
to America, England to Indonesia, Poland to Bosnia, and Spain to Brazil. 
Some of his books are available in English, French, German, Spanish, 
Italian, Portuguese, Urdu, Arabic, Albanian, Russian, Serbo-Croat 
(Bosnian), Polish, Malay, Uygur Turkish, and Indonesian. 

Greatly appreciated all around the world, these works have been 
instrumental in many people recovering faith in God and gaining deeper 
insights into their faith. His books' wisdom and sincerity, together with a 
distinct style that's easy to understand, directly affect anyone who reads 



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them. Those who seriously consider these books, can no longer advocate 
atheism or any other perverted ideology or materialistic philosophy, since 
these books are characterized by rapid effectiveness, definite results, and 
irrefutability Even if they continue to do so, it will be only a sentimental 
insistence, since these books refute such ideologies from their very 
foundations. All contemporary movements of denial are now 
ideologically defeated, thanks to the books written by Harun Yahya. 

This is no doubt a result of the Qur'an's wisdom and lucidity. The 
author modestly intends to serve as a means in humanity's search for 
God's right path. No material gain is sought in the publication of these 
works. 

Those who encourage others to read these books, to open their minds 
and hearts and guide them to become more devoted servants of God, 
render an invaluable service. 

Meanwhile, it would only be a waste of time and energy to propagate 
other books that create confusion in people's minds, lead them into 
ideological chaos, and that clearly have no strong and precise effects in 
removing the doubts in people's hearts, as also verified from previous 
experience. It is impossible for books devised to emphasize the author's 
literary power rather than the noble goal of saving people from loss of 
faith, to have such a great effect. Those who doubt this can readily see that 
the sole aim of Harun Yahya's books is to overcome disbelief and to 
disseminate the Qur'an's moral values. The success and impact of this 
service are manifested in the readers' conviction. 

One point should be kept in mind: The main reason for the continuing 
cruelty, conflict, and other ordeals endured by the vast majority of people 
is the ideological prevalence of disbelief. This can be ended only with the 
ideological defeat of disbelief and by conveying the wonders of creation 
and Qur'anic morality so that people can live by it. Considering the state 
of the world today, leading into a downward spiral of violence, corruption 
and conflict, clearly this service must be provided speedily and effectively, 
or it may be too late. 

In this effort, the books of Harun Yahya assume a leading role. By the 
will of God, these books will be a means through which people in the 
twentyfirst century will attain the peace, justice, and happiness promised 
in the Qur'an. 



Copyright © Harun Yahya XXX/ 2001 CE 
First Published by Vural Yaymcilik, Istanbul, Turkey in November, 1999 

First English Edition published in October 2001 
Second English Edition published in January 2004 



GLOBAL PUBLISHING 

Gursel Mah. Darulaceze Caddesi No: 9 

Funya Sk. Eksioglu Is Merkezi B Blok D. 5 

Okmeydani-Istanbul / Turkey 

Tel: +90 212 320 8600 

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any 

retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any methods, electronic, 

mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior 

permission of the publishers. 



By Harun Yahya 
Edited ByiDavid Livingstone 



All translations from the Qur'an are from "The Noble Qur'an: a New Rendering of its Meaning in English" 
by Hajj Abdalhaqq and Aisha Bewley, published by Bookwork, Norwich, UK. 1420 CE/1999 AH. 



Printed by: Secil Ofset in Istanbul 

100 Yil Mahallesi MAS-SIT Matbaacilar Sitesi 4. Cadde No: 77 

Bagcilar-Istanbul / TURKEY Tel: (+90 212) 6290615 



Website: www.harunyahya.com 



Contents 

INTRODUCTION 8 

^Boofe One 

RELIGION ENCOURAGES SCIENCE 12 

RELIGION HELPS SCIENCE TO BE 
RIGHTLY GUIDED 20 

RELIGION AND SCIENCE ARE 
ALWAYS IN AGREEMENT 68 

THE SCIENTIFIC MIRACLES OF THE QUR'AN 84 



<Boofe Sfwo 

SCIENTISTS OF FAITH 120 
CONCLUSION 185 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



INTRODUCTION 




D.. 



God summons humanity to investigate and reflect upon the heavens, 
the earth, mountains, stars, plants, seeds, animals, the alternation of the 
night and the day, the creation of man, the rain and many other created 
things. Examining these, man comes to recognize the artistry of God's 
creation in the world around him, and ultimately, to know our Creator, 
Who created the entire universe and everything in it from nothing. 

"Science" offers a method by which the universe, and all the beings 
therein, may be examined to discover the artistry in God's creation, 
thereby communicating it to mankind. Religion, therefore, encourages 
science, adopting it as a tool by which to study the subtleties of God's 
creation. 

Religion not only encourages scientific study, but also permits that, 
supported by the truths revealed through Islam, scientific research be 
conclusive and expeditious. The reason being, that religion provides 
accurate and definitive answers as to how life and the universe came into 
being. As such, if initiated upon a proper foundation, research will reveal 
the truths regarding the origin of the universe and the organization of life, 
in the shortest time, and with minimum effort and energy. As stated by 
Albert Einstein, considered one of the greatest scientists of the 20th 
century, "science without religion is lame", which is to say, that science, 
unguided by religion, cannot proceed correctly, but rather, wastes much 
time in achieving certain results, and worse, is often inconclusive. 

Scientific studies pursued by materialist scientists unable to see the 
truth has, particularly in the last two hundred years, certainly caused a 
considerable amount of time to be squandered, a great deal of research to 
be pursued in vain and millions of dollars to have been poured down the 
drain to no effect. 



Introduction 



There is one fact that must be recognized clearly: science can achieve 
reliable results only if it adopts as its main objective the investigation of 
the signs of creation in the universe, and strives solely towards this end. 
Science may reach its ultimate goal in the shortest possible time only if it 
is pointed in the right direction, that is, if it is rightly guided. 




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RELIGION ENCOURAGES 
SCIENCE 

Islam is the religion of reason and conscience. A person recognizes the 
truth proclaimed by God through the use of his wisdom, but derives 
conclusions from the truth he has seen by following his conscience. A 
person using the faculty of his reason and conscience, upon examining the 
features of any given object in the universe, even though he be not an 
expert in such matters, would understand that it was created by a 
Possessor of great Wisdom, Knowledge and Might. And, while perhaps 
only discovering a few of the thousands of factors that render life possible 
on the earth, it is sufficient for him to understand that the world was 
designed to sustain life in it. Therefore, one who makes use of his reason 
and follows his conscience quickly apprehends the absurdity of the claim 
that the world came into being by chance. In brief, one who applies his 
mind by using these faculties recognizes God's signs in their full clarity. A 
verse refers to such people in the following manner: 

Those who remember God, standing, sitting and lying on their sides, 
and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: 'Our Lord, 
You have not created this for nothing. Glory be to You! So safeguard 
us from the punishment of the Fire. (Surat Al Tmran: 191) 

In the Qur'an, God calls on people to reflect upon and examine the 
signs of creation around them. The Prophet Muhammad, God's 
Messenger, peace be upon him, also enjoined people to acquire 
knowledge. He even stressed that it is our obligation to search for 
knowledge. We read the following authentic Ahddith: 

Seeking of knowledge is incumbent upon every Muslim. 1 

Acquire the knowledge and impart it to the people. 2 



12 



R e 1 i 



E n c o u r a 



es Science 



Everyone who probes the inner-workings of the universe, living and 
non-living things, and considers and investigates what he sees around 
him, will come to know God's superior wisdom, knowledge, and eternal 
power. Some of the issues God invites man to ponder are pointed out in 
the following verses form the Qur'an: 

Do they not look at the sky above them? How We have made it and 
adorned it, and there are no flaws in it? And the earth- We have 
spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and produced 
therein every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs)- To be observed and 
commemorated by every devotee turning (to God). And We send 
down from the sky rain charged with blessing, and We produce 
therewith gardens and grain for harvests; And tall (and stately) palm- 
trees, with shoots of fruit-stalks, piled one over another. (Surah Qaf: 
6-10) 



The signs of the existence of God, the Exalted Creator, 
in the universe are clearly apparent to anyone who 
thinks and uses his wisdom and follows his conscience. 




13 



SCIENCE 



He Who created the seven heavens one above another: No want of 
proportion will you see in the Creation of (God) Most Gracious. So 
turn your vision again: do you see any flaw? (Surat al-Mulk: 3) 
Now let man but think from what he is created! (Surat at-Tariq: 5) 
Do they not look at the Camels, how they are made? And at the Sky, 
how it is raised high? And at the Mountains, how they are fixed firm? 
And at the Earth, how it is spread out? (Surat al-Ghashiyah: 17-20) 

As the above verses make clear, God summons mankind to study and 
examine various aspects of the world, such as the heavens, rain, plants, 
animals, birth and geographical landmarks. One way to explore these is, 
as we previously mentioned, through science. Scientific observation 
introduces man to the mysteries of creation, and ultimately, to God's 
eternal knowledge, wisdom and power. Science is a way to achieve a just 
estimate of God, for which reason, throughout history, a great number of 
the scientists who have been of great service to humanity were devout 
believers in God. 



Belief in God Makes Scientists Enthusiastic and 
Motivated 

As we mentioned above, religion encourages science, and those who 
use their reason and follow their conscience in the pursuit of scientific 
research acquire a strong faith because they apprehend God's signs at 
close hand. They are confronted with a flawless system and a perfect 
subtlety created by God in every avenue of research they follow, and in 
every discovery they make. As Prophet Muhammad, God's Messenger, 
peace be upon him, said, they act by knowing that "One who goes out to 
search for knowledge is (devoted) to the cause of God till he returns." 3 

A scientist conducting research into the eye, for instance, discovers, 
even upon recognizing its complex system, that it could never have come 
into being through a gradual process of coincidences. Further 
examination will lead him to realize that every detail in the structure of 
the eye is a miraculous creation. He sees that the eye is made up of dozens 
of components working together in harmony, thus increasing his wonder 
in God Who created it. 



14 



R e 1 i 



E n c o u r a 



es Science 



He is the Creator of the 
Heavens and the Earth... - 
(Surat ash-Shura: 1 1) 0& 


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Similarly, a scientist investigating the cosmos will find himself 
immediately confronted with thousands of remarkable equilibria. He 
further gains a great thirst for knowledge upon discovering that billions 
of galaxies, and billions of stars within these galaxies, continue to exist in 
a grand harmony, in a vastness of space that has no limits. 

As such, a man of faith becomes greatly enthralled and inspired to 
conduct scientific studies to uncover the mysteries of the universe. In one 
of his articles, Albert Einstein, considered the greatest genius of the 
previous era, referred to the inspiration scientists derive from religion: 

...I maintain that the cosmic religious feeling is the strongest and 
noblest motive for scientific research. Only those who realize the 
immense efforts and, above all, the devotion without which pioneer 
work in theoretical science cannot be achieved are able to grasp the 
strength of the emotion out of which alone such work, remote as it is 
from the immediate realities of life, can issue. What a deep conviction 
of the rationality of the universe and what a yearning to understand, 
were it but a feeble reflection of the mind revealed in this world, Kepler 



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15 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



and Newton must have had to enable them to spend years of solitary 
labour in disentangling the principles of celestial mechanics! 

Those whose acquaintance with scientific research is derived chiefly 
from its practical results easily develop a completely false notion of the 
mentality of the men who, surrounded by a skeptical world, have 
shown the way to kindred spirits scattered wide through the world and 
the centuries. Only one who has devoted his life to similar ends can 
have a vivid realization of what has inspired these men and given them 
the strength to remain true to their purpose in spite of countless 
failures. It is cosmic religious feeling that gives a man such strength. 
A contemporary has said, not unjustly, that in this materialistic age of 
ours the serious workers are the only profoundly religious people. 4 

Johannes Kepler related that he engaged in science to delve the 
Creator's works, while Isaac Newton, another great scientist, stated that 
the main thrust behind his interest in science was his wish to have a 
better sense and knowledge of God. 

These were the remarks of only a few of the most eminent scientists in 
history. These, and hundreds of other scientists that we will consider in 
the pages ahead, came to believe in the existence of God by exploring the 
universe, and, impressed by the laws and phenomena God has gloriously 
created, craved to discover more. 

As we will see, the desire to learn the manner in which God created the 
universe has served as the greatest motivating factor for many scientists 
in history. That is essentially because, someone who perceives that the 
universe and all living things are created also perceives that this creation 
has a purpose. Purpose then leads one to meaning. It is the aspiration to 
grasp this meaning, to uncover its signs, and discover its details, that can 
greatly expedite scientific studies. 

If, however, the fact that the universe and living things are created is 
denied, this meaning escapes too. A scientist believing in the materialist 
philosophy and in Darwinism will suppose that the universe is 
purposeless, and that everything is the work of blind chance. Therefore, 
investigation of the universe and living things would be without a 
pursuit for meaning. Addressing this fact, Einstein stated, "I have found 
no better expression than 'religious' for confidence in the rational 

16 



Religion Encourages Science 



nature of reality, insofar as it is accessible to human reason. Whenever 
this feeling is absent, science degenerates into uninspired 
empiricism." 5 

In such a case, the sole purpose of a scientist would either be to achieve 
fame through a groundbreaking discovery, to be remembered in history, 
or to become wealthy Such aims may easily divert him from his sincerity 
and scientific integrity For instance, in the event that a conclusion he had 
reached through scientific research was in contradiction with the 
conventional view of the scientific community, he may be forced to keep 
it as a secret, so as not to be robbed of his fame, or be vilified, or degraded. 

The long-held acceptance of the theory of evolution in the scientific 
world is an example of this type of lack of sincerity Basically, many 
scientists, in the face of scientific fact, are aware that the evolutionary 
theory is far from being able to explain the origin of life, but they cannot 
state it openly, simply out of the fear of encountering a negative reaction. 
In that line of thought, British physicist H.S. Lipson makes the following 
confession: 

We now know a great deal more about living matter than Darwin knew. 
We know how nerves work and I regard each nerve as a masterpiece of 
electrical engineering. And we have thousands of millions of them in 
our body. . . "Design" is the word that springs to mind, on this subject. 
My biologist colleagues do not like it. 6 

The word "design" is cast aside in the scientific literature merely 
because it is disliked, with many scientists succumbing to such 
dogmatism. In addressing the issue, Lipson says: 

In fact, evolution became in a sense a scientific religion; almost all 
scientists have accepted it and many are prepared to 'bend' their 
observations to fit in with it. 7 

This undesirable situation is the result of the deception of "ungodly 
science" that held sway over the scientific community beginning in the 
mid of the 19th century. However, as Einstein stated, "science without 
religion is lame" 8 . The delusion has not only directed the scientific 
community towards mistaken goals, but has also created scientists who, 
despite recognizing the error, remain indifferent to it. 

We will deal with the former matter in detail in the pages ahead. 

17 



SCIENCE 



Believing Scientists' "Eagerness to Serve" 

Because scientists who believe in God's oneness and omnipotence have 
no desire for worldly gain, such as status, rank, reputation, or money, 
their efforts in scientific research are sincere. They know that every 
mystery of the universe they unravel will increase mankind's 
understanding of God, helping to reveal God's infinite power and 
knowledge. Confirming God's existence for humanity, demonstrating to it 
the reality of creation, is a truly important act of worship for a believer. 

Driven by such sincere concerns, believing scientists conduct important 
extensive research with a great enthusiasm, to discover the laws of the 
universe, the miraculous systems in nature, and the perfect mechanisms 
and intelligent behaviors in living things. They achieve great results and 
make tremendous progress. They never falter in the face of the problems 
they encounter, nor do they lose heart when they fail to be appreciated by 
others. They only seek to gain God's approval for the work they do. 

They strive to serve other believers purely for God's good pleasure. 
And, they recognize no limits to their endeavor. They do their best to be 
of utmost use to people, and to serve them in the best way. Furthermore, 
their sincere efforts make them highly productive, and their studies lead 
to positive results. 



Every living thing in the 
universe has a perfect 
design. For instance, just 
as physicist Lipson put it, a 
tiny nerve is a masterpiece 
of electrical engineering. 



Myelin (enclosure) 




18 



Religion Encourages Science 



Those who assume that science must be distinguished from religion 
certainly fall into great error. First of all, those who do not believe in God 
cannot experience the spiritual upliftment of faith. The scientific projects 
they initiate with great zeal soon turn out to be monotonous and 
uninspiring. Their motivation, in such a mindset, becomes solely to reap 
short-lived worldly profit. Pursuing the fulfillment of worldly desires, 
such as wealth, rank, reputation, or prestige, they are only committed to 
conducting research that will directly contribute to such personal benefits. 
For instance, a scientist with such a mindset and motivated by career 
interests would pursue research only in those fields that will lead to a 
promotion. He would not be willing to conduct research in a subject he 
believes to be useful to mankind unless it served his best interest. Or, if he 
were in a position to make a choice between two research topics, he 
would choose the one that would earn him more material gain, prestige, 
or rank, while discarding the one that might be more beneficial to 
mankind. In short, scientists of this sort are rarely of benefit to humanity, 
failing to serve the greater good unless there is some promised 
gratification in return. When the opportunity for personal gain fades, so 
wanes their eagerness to serve humanity. 

Prophet Muhammad, God's Messenger, peace be upon him, also 
referred to the harms of this mentality. He said: 

Do not acquire knowledge in order to fall into polemics with other 
scholars and prove his superiority over them, or to dispute with the 
ignorant or to attract the attention of the people. 9 

On the other hand, Prophet Muhammad praised the dissipation of 
beneficial knowledge. A hadith reads: 

God calls down blessings on those who instruct people in beneficial 
knowledge. 10 

Aware of the blessings he will receive, the enthusiasm and sincere 
motivation experienced by a person who believes in God opens up new 
vistas for him, not only in the field of science, but also in many other 
spheres of life, such as art, culture, and so on. These high spirits never 
fade, but rather, become increasingly intense. 



19 



RELIGION HELPS SCIENCE TO 
BE RIGHTLY GUIDED 

Science is the investigation of the material world we live in through 
observation and experiment. Accordingly, in conducting such 
investigation, science will lead to various conclusions based on the 
information collected through observation and experimentation. In 
addition, however, every discipline of science also has certain norms that 
are simply taken for granted, or accepted without further verification. In 
scientific literature, this set of norms is called a "paradigm". 

This initial outlook charts the "course" of all related scientific 
investigation. As is known, the first step in scientific investigation is the 
formulation of a "hypothesis". To begin with, for their research topic, 
scientists must form a hypothesis. Then, this hypothesis is tested through 
scientific experimentation. If observations and experiments verify the 
hypothesis, the "hypothesis" is called an "established principle or law". If 
the hypothesis is disproved, then new hypotheses are tested, and the 
process continues. 

The formulation of the hypothesis, which is the first step of the process, 
is often dependent on the scientists' basic viewpoint. For instance, 
scientists, if committed to an erroneous outlook, could base their work on 
a hypothesis that "matter has a tendency to self-organize without the 
involvement of a conscious agent". Then, they would conduct years of 
research to verify that hypothesis. Yet, since matter has no such capability, 
all these efforts are bound to fail. Furthermore, if scientists are overly 
obstinate about their hypothesis, the research may well last for years, and 
even for generations. The end result, though, would be but a huge waste 
of time and resources. 

However, had the point of assumption been the idea that "it is 



20 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



impossible for matter to self-organize without conscious planning", that 
scientific research would have followed a more expeditious and 
productive course. 

This issue, that is, the issue of establishing a proper hypothesis, 
requires an entirely different source than mere scientific data. Correct 
identification of this source is critical, because, as we explained in the 
above example, an error in the identification of a source may cost the 
science-world years, decades, or even centuries. 

The source sought is God's revelation to mankind. God is the Creator 
of the universe, the world and of living things, and therefore, the most 
accurate and indisputable knowledge about these subjects derives from 
Him. In accordance, God has revealed to us important information about 
these matters in the Qur'an. The most fundamental of these are as follows: 

1) God created the universe from nothing. Everything is created for a 
particular purpose. It follows that there is not a chaos of chance- 
happenings in nature or the universe, but a perfect order created with an 
intelligent design. 

2) The material universe, and predominantly, the Earth we live in, is 
specially designed to allow for human life. There is a certain purpose in 
the movements of stars and planets, in geographical landmarks, and in 
the properties of water or the atmosphere, that makes human life 
possible. 

3) God created all living things. Moreover, these creatures act through 
the inspiration of God, as quoted in the Qur'an in the example of the 
honeybees, with the verse that begins with, "Your Lord inspired the 
bees..." (Surat an-Nahl: 68) 

These are absolute truths communicated to us by God in the Qur'an. An 
approach to science based on these facts will inevitably lead to 
remarkable progress and serve humanity in the most beneficial manner. 
We find numerous examples of this in history. It was only possible with 
the placement of science on proper a foothold that Muslim scientists, who 
were then helping to forge the greatest civilizations in the world, 
contributed to major achievements in the 9th and 10th centuries. In the 
West, the pioneers in all fields of science, from physics to chemistry, 

21 



SCIENCE 



astronomy to biology and paleontology, were great men of science who 
believed in God, and who conducted research for the sake of exploring 
what He created. 

Einstein also maintained that scientists must rely on religious sources 
when developing their objectives: 

Though religion may be that which determines the goal, it has, 
nevertheless, learned from science, in the broadest sense, what means 
will contribute to the attainment of the goals it has set up. But science 
can only be created by those who are thoroughly imbued with the 
aspiration toward truth and understanding. This source of feeling, 
however, springs from the sphere of religion... I cannot conceive of a 
genuine scientist without that profound faith. 11 

Since the middle of the 19th century, however, the scientific 
community has divorced itself from this divine source, and 
come under the influence of a materialist philosophy. 

Materialism, an idea that dates back to ancient 
Greece, maintains the absolute existence of 
matter and denies God. This materialistic 




outlook gradually 
made its way into the 
scientific community, and, 

beginning in the middle of the 19th century, a considerable portion of 
scientific investigation was initiated to support it. To this purpose, many 
theories were formulated, such as the "infinite universe model" 
suggesting that the universe exists since infinite time, Darwin's 
evolutionary theory claiming that life is the work of chance, or Freud's 
views holding that the human mind consists of the brain alone. 

Today, in retrospect, we see that the claims put forth by materialism 
were but a waste of time for science. For decades, a great number of 
scientists have expended their best efforts to prove each of these claims, 



22 



Religion Helps 



Science To Be Rightly Guided 



but the results always proved them wrong. Discoveries confirmed the 
proclamations of the Qur'an - that the universe was created from nothing, 
that it is tailored to suit human life, and that it is impossible for life to have 
come into being and evolved by chance. 
Now let us consider these facts one by one. 



The Losses the Materialists' Obsession With an 
"Infinite Universe" Have Caused Science 

Until the early 20th century, the conventional opinion of the scientific 
community, which was then under the influence of the materialists, was 
that the universe has infinite dimensions, that it existed in infinite time, 
and will exist infinitely. According to this view, called the "static universe 
model", the universe had neither a beginning nor an end, and was simply 
a limitless conglomeration of matter. Denying that the universe was 
created, this view laid the groundwork for the materialist philosophy. 
Many scientists who espoused materialism, or were partial to such a 
philosophy, set the "infinite universe" model as the basis 
for their scientific research. Consequently, all 
research into astronomy and physics 
depended on the hypothesis that 
matter existed in infinite time. 
For some time, many 
scientists labored and 



toiled to no avail, as 
science was soon to 
shatter that misconception. 

The Belgian scientist, Georges 
Lemaitre, was the first to recognize 
the inaccuracy of the "infinite universe" 
model, and postulated a scientific 
alternative to it. Based on certain 
computations by the Russian scientist, 
Alexandre Friedmann, Lemaitre declared that 



Scientists who 
pursued false 
goals caused a 
great deal of 
effort to be 
wasted in 
science. 






vj 



23 



THE 



WAY TO 



SCIENCE 




the universe actually had a beginning, and that it was expanding since 

that initial moment. He also asserted that it must be possible to detect the 
remnants of radiation from that initial moment. 

Here, it should be noted that Georges Lemaitre was also a priest. 
Lemaitre strongly believed that "the universe was created by God from 
nothingness". Therefore, his approach to science greatly differed from that 
of the materialists. 

The years to come confirmed the correctness of the assumption put 
forth by Lemaitre. Firstly, American astronomer, Edwin Hubble, 
discovered with his huge telescope that the stars were moving away both 
from us and from each other. This meant that the universe was expanding, 



24 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly 



and thus, was not static as materialists assumed. 

In fact, earlier on, Albert Einstein had already theoretically calculated 
that the universe could not be static. However, he put the theory to rest, 
simply because his calculations did not concur with the widely 
recognized static universe model of his time. Even a scientist considered 
the greatest genius of the century was intimidated by the dogmatism of 
the materialist view, having chosen not to reveal the important discovery. 
Later on, Einstein was to refer to that choice as f the greatest mistake of 
his career*. 

There was another important truth that the expansion of the universe 
pointed to: if the universe was getting larger as time went on, then, 
following it backward in time meant that it would become smaller; and if 
one went back far enough, everything would shrink and converge to a 
single point. Calculations showed that this single point should have zero 
volume. Our universe came into being as the result of the explosion of this 
point, an explosion which has come to be called the "the Big Bang". 

In fact, the reference to this exploding point having zero volume is but 
a theoretical expression. The expression of zero volume simply suggests 
"nothingness". The whole universe was created from "nothing". 

The Big Bang theory clearly demonstrated that the universe was 
created from nothing. Nevertheless, further scientific evidence was 
required in order for the theory to be widely accepted. In 1948, George 
Gamov proposed that, if the universe was formed in a sudden, 
cataclysmic explosion, as Lemaitre had suggested, there ought to be a 
definite amount of radiation left over from that explosion, and that this 
radiation must be uniform throughout the universe. 

Scientific confirmation of Gamov's postulate was forthcoming. In 1965, 
two researchers by the name of Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson 
discovered the remnants of that radiation. Called "cosmic background 
radiation", it was not localized but distributed equally everywhere in the 
universe. It was soon realized that this radiation was the echo of the Big 
Bang, still reverberating since the first moments of that great explosion. 
Penzias and Wilson were awarded a Nobel prize for their discovery. 

In 1989, NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
launched the COBE satellite into space, for the purpose of research into 



25 



THE QURAN LEADS 



THE WAY 



TO SCIENCE 




It required a very 
short time for the 
Cobe satellite to find 
the evidence to 
prove the hypothesis 
of the Big Bang. 



cosmic background radiation. Within 
minutes, the satellite's sensitive scanners 
confirmed the measurements of Penzias 
■j jrffl SSw'j and Wilson. 

Discovery of the evidence confirming 
the creation of the universe from nothing 
in the "Big Bang" staggered materialist 
scientists. They witnessed the collapse of 

HL !_ their extensive research, their hypotheses, 

and unsubstantiated theories, one after 
the other. The renowned atheist 
philosopher, Antony Flew, had these 
comments to offer about the situation: 

Notoriously, confession is good for the 
soul. I will therefore begin by confessing 
that the Stratonician atheist has to be 
embarrassed by the contemporary cosmological consensus. For it 
seems that the cosmologists are providing a scientific proof of what St.. 
Thomas contended could not be proved philosophically; namely, that 
the universe had a beginning. So long as the universe can be 
comfortably thought of as being not only without end but also without 
beginning, it remains easy to urge that its brute existence, and whatever 
are found to be its most fundamental features, should be accepted as 
the explanatory ultimates. Although I believe that it remains still 
correct, it certainly is neither easy nor comfortable to maintain this 
position in the face of the Big Bang story 12 

As the above example makes clear, if someone is blindly devoted to 
materialism he is reluctant to admit any evidence to the contrary. Even if 
he must confess to the fact, he does not compromise his commitment to 
materialism. 

On the other hand, many scientists, who did not resolve themselves 
unconditionally to denying God's existence, today accept that God, the 
All-Powerful, created the universe. One such example is the American 
scientist William Lane Craig, who is known for his research on the Big 
Bang: 



26 




The universe came into being through the explosion of a single 
point-mass that had zero volume. This explosion, called the Big 
Bang, demonstrated with compelling evidence that the universe was 
created from nothing, and permanently demolished the materialists' 
claims of an infinite universe. 



Indeed, given the truth of the maxim ex nihilo nihil fit (out of nothing 
comes nothing), the Big Bang requires a supernatural cause. Since the 
initial cosmological singularity represents the terminus of all space- 
time trajectories, there cannot be any physical cause of the Big Bang. 
Rather, the cause must transcend physical space and time: it must be 
independent of the universe, and unimaginably powerful. Moreover, 
this cause must be a personal being, endowed with free will... The 
cause of the origin of the universe must therefore be a personal 
Creator, who a finite time ago brought the universe into existence by 
his free agency. 13 

Another important conclusion to be drawn from the Big Bang theory is 
that, as we have mentioned earlier, a scientific approach based on divine 
knowledge will be highly successful in unraveling the mysteries of the 
universe. Scientists who proceeded from a materialist philosophy and put 
forth the "infinite universe" model, were unable to substantiate it, despite 
their best efforts. However, the Big Bang theory, which Georges Lemaitre 
developed, and which was based on divine sources, contributed to 
scientific progress and helped to uncover the true origin of the universe. 

When we look at the history of 20th century science, we see that similar 
occurrences took place in other fields as well. 



27 



SCIENCE 



The Losses The Claim That "There is No Design in 
Nature" Caused Science 

Materialists not only proposed that the universe existed since infinite 
time, but also claimed that there is no design or purpose in the universe. 
They argued that the entire equilibrium, harmony, and order in the 
universe was the work of chance. This claim, which dominated the world 
of science beginning in the second half of the 19th century, dictated the 
subsequent course of scientific investigation. 

For instance, certain scientists put forth an assumption called the 
"chaos theory" to show that there is no design in the universe. According 
to this theory, order may spontaneously form from chaos, and a number 
of scientific studies were conducted to support the claim. Mathematical 
calculations, studies in theoretical physics, physical trials and chemical 
experiments, were all conducted to find an answer to the question, "how 
can we demonstrate that the universe is the product of chaos?" 

Every new discovery, however, further denied the chaos and chance 
theories, revealing that there is an enormous design in the universe. 
Research conducted since the 1960s consistently demonstrated that all the 







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( 


II 


ml 







When we see a complex design, we immediately 
understand that it is the product of an intelligent agent 



E* f/ZE/^ 




28 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



physical equilibria in the universe are intricately designed to render life 
possible. As research proceeded, it was discovered that each and every 
one of the laws of physics, chemistry, and biology, of the fundamental 
forces such as gravity and electromagnetism, and of the details of the 
structure of atoms and the elements of the universe, has been precisely 
tailored so that human beings may exist. Scientists refer to this 
extraordinary design as the "Anthropic Principle". This is the principle 
by which every detail in the universe has been carefully arranged to make 
human life possible. 

With these discoveries, the dictum formerly imposed on the scientific 
community by the materialist philosophy, touting that "the universe is a 
heap of matter with no meaning and purpose working according to 
chance", was exposed to be an unscientific fallacy. Noted molecular 
biologist Michael Denton makes the following comment in his book, 
Nature's Destiny: How the Laws of Biology Reveal Purpose in the Universe: 

The new picture that has emerged in twentieth-century astronomy 
presents a dramatic challenge to the presumption which has been 
prevalent within scientific circles during most of the past four 
centuries: that life is a peripheral and purely contingent phenomenon 




Only a highly intelligent person can 
reconstruct the scattered pieces of 
Albert Einstein's puzzle seen here. It 
is therefore certain that systems far 
more sophisticated and perfect than 
this in the universe were designed by 
God, Who has infinite knowledge and 
wisdom. 




29 




Just as the racist ideology brought disaster 
for humanity by leading to World War II, so 
did the materialist ideology drag the world 
of science into darkness needlessly. 



in the cosmic scheme... The evidence provided by modern cosmology 
and physics is exactly the kind of evidence that the natural 
theologians were looking for in the seventeenth century but failed to 
find in the science of their day. 14 

The "natural theologians" referred to above are the 17th century and 
18th century religiously devout scientists who strove to invalidate 
atheism on scientific grounds, and thus prove the existence of God. 
However, as also stated in the above quotation, the inferior degree of 
scientific knowledge at that time did not allow them to substantiate the 
truths they perceived, and materialism, deriving support from the same 
primitive level of science, grew in authority in the scientific world. 20th 
century science, however, has reversed that course, and provided 
conclusive evidence to prove that the universe was created by God. 

Here, the real point to be considered is the extraordinary amount of 
time that has gone into studies to prove the materialist delusion, that 
claimed, "there is no purpose and design in the universe". All such 
theories, formulae, studies in theoretical physics, mathematical equations, 



30 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



etc., eventually proved to be worthless attempts expended in vain. Just as 
the racist ideology brought disaster for humanity by leading to World 
War II, so did the materialist ideology drag the world of science into 
darkness needlessly. 

If, however, the scientific community had based its efforts, not on the 
misconception of materialism, but on the reality that the universe was 
created by God, scientific research would have taken a more proper course. 



The Loss The Hopeless Efforts to Prove the Theory of 
Evolution Have Caused Science 

The most instructive example of an improper orientation for science, 
was the adoption of Darwin's evolutionary theory. Having been 
introduced to the agenda of scientific study a 140 years ago, this theory is 
actually the greatest fallacy perpetrated in the history of science. 

The theory of evolution contends that life came about by the 
configuration of lifeless matter through chance. The same theory further 
claims that organisms which have been formed by chance evolved into 
other creatures again by chance. At center stage for the last one and a half 
centuries, has been the concerted effort to find scientific justification for 
this scenario, whose results though, ironically, proved only the contrary. 
Scientific evidence has demonstrated that evolution never took place, 
that the possibility of the gradual transformation from one species to 
another is out of the question, and that all living species were created 
distinctly and in their present forms. 

Nevertheless, despite all firm evidence, evolutionists perform countless 
studies and experiments, write volumes of books crammed with nothing 
but fallacies and errors, establish institutions, hold conferences, and air 
television programs, to prove evolution. The exploitation of thousands of 
scientists, and measureless amounts of money and resources, for an 
unprovable assertion, has certainly been a serious detriment for 
humanity. Had these resources been properly directed, such a loss would 
not have been incurred, but great strides rather would have been 
achieved, and definitive results attained in more pertinent areas of 
scientific study. 



31 






On the other hand, a number of scientists or thinkers have realized 
what a grave misconception the theory of evolution has been. British 
philosopher, Malcolm Muggeridge, for instance, makes the following 
comment: 

I myself am convinced that the theory of evolution, especially the 
extent to which it's been applied, will be one of the great jokes in the 
history books in the future. Posterity will marvel that so very flimsy 
and dubious an hypothesis could be accepted with the incredible 
credulity that it has. 15 

The Scandinavian scientist Soren Lovtrup makes the following remark 
in his book Darwinism: The Refutation of a Myth: 

I suppose that nobody will deny that it is a great misfortune if an entire 
branch of science becomes addicted to a false theory. But this is what 
has happened in biology: for a long time now people discuss 
evolutionary problems in a peculiar 'Darwinian' vocabulary - 
'adaptation', 'selection pressure', 'natural selection', etc. - thereby 
believing that they contribute to the explanation of natural events. They 
do not ... I believe that one day the Darwinian myth will be ranked the 
greatest deceit in the history of science. 16 

Even a number of evolutionary scientists have recognized that the 
theory they advocate does not concur with fact and feel uneasy about it. 
"Perpetuation of today's theory (of evolution) as dogma will not 
encourage progress toward more satisfactory explanations of observed 
phenomena" 17 , says evolutionist scientist Paul R. Ehrlich in an interview 
with Science, where he - though indirectly - admits the harm blind 
devotion to the evolutionary theory inflicts on science. 

Now, let us look at all the futile effort made to support the unscientific 
claims of the theory of evolution, which cost science nothing but a great 
waste of time and resources. 



The Losses the Claim That "Inanimate Matter Can 
Form Life" Caused Science 

What is the origin of life? What distinguishes a bird, or a giraffe from a 
stone, water, earth, that is, inanimate matter? 



32 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



The answer to this question has been a matter of curiosity since 
antiquity. The predominant views are two. The first idea is that there is a 
very fine line between animate and inanimate matter, which can easily be 
pierced, and that life can spontaneously arise from inanimate matter. This 
view is called "abiogenesis" in scientific literature. 

The second idea maintains that there is an unsurpassable border 
between living and non-living matter. According to this view, it is 
impossible for living organisms to develop from non-living materials, and 
a life-form can arise only if it comes from another life-form. This view, 
summed up as "life comes only from life", is called "biogenesis". 

Interestingly, the idea of "abiogenesis" is connected to the materialist 
philosophy, whereas the idea of "biogenesis" stems from religious sources. 
The materialist philosophy has always argued that non-living materials 
can give rise to living organisms. The Greek philosophers believed that 
simple life-forms continuously arose from non-living matter. 

On the contrary, divine sources state that the only power to give life to 
inanimate matter can be God's creative power. The verses of the Qur'an 
read: 

It is God Who causes the seed-grain and the date stone to split and 
sprout. He causes the living to issue from the dead, and He is the One 
to cause the dead to issue from the living. That is God: then how are 
you deluded away from the truth? (Surat al-An f am: 95) 

To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: It is He 
Who gives Life and Death; and He has Power over all things. (Surat 
al-Hadid: 2) 

In the Middle Ages, when people had a very limited knowledge of 
nature, the view of "abiogenesis" prevailed because of certain erroneous 
observations. Those who saw that maggots developed on uncovered meat 
thought that it happened "spontaneously". They also supposed that mice 
appeared spontaneously in wheat grains kept in storage. This belief, also 
called "spontaneous generation", was widely accepted until the 17th 
century. 

Experiments conducted by two important scientists, however, laid the 
idea of spontaneous generation in its grave. The first of them was 
Francisco Redi. Redi showed, with the experiments he carried out in 1668, 



33 



SCIENCE 



that the maggots that appeared on meat 
did not form spontaneously, but came 
from flies laying their eggs on it. Upon 
this discovery, the defenders of the 
"abiogenesis" idea retreated and claimed 
that, not big organisms like maggots or 
frogs, but invisible microbes were 
produced from non-living matter. The 
debate lingered over the next two 
centuries. The French biologist Louis 
Pasteur finally demonstrated, through a 
series of experiments, that microbes 
could not develop from non-living 
materials either. Pasteur summed up his 
conclusion in the following words: 

Can matter organize itself? In other 
words, can organisms come into the 
world without parents, without 
ancestors? that's the question 
to be resolved.... There is no 
known circumstance today in 
which one can assert that 
microscopic beings have 
originated without germs. 18 

Redi and Pasteur had one 
thing in common: both scientists 
believed in the existence of God, 
and that life was created by Him. 
Their belief played a critical role in their 
recognition of the absurdity of the idea of 
abiogenesis. Effectively, while a number 
of scientists under the influence of 
materialism (evolutionists such as 
Darwin, Haeckel, etc.) had subscribed to 
the view of abiogenesis, others, who 




In the scientific understanding of 
the Middle Ages, people supposed 
that living organisms could arise 
from non-living materials. For 
instance, it was thought that 
maggots which developed on 
uncovered meat arose 
spontaneously. However, this idea 
was put to rest first by F. Redi's, 
then by L. Pasteur's discoveries. 



: >: 



?' 



34 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 




Louis Pasteur 



approached science with proper insight, realized 
the fact of "biogenesis". 

Evolutionist scientists, however, went on 

resisting this evident reality. Their blind 

devotion to the materialist philosophy drew 

them into a futile struggle that would last a 

century. Two materialist scientists, 

Alexander Oparin and J. B. Haldane, 

introduced the notion of "chemical 

evolution". According to Oparin and 

Haldane, abiogenesis did not take 

place in a short time, but happened 

over a long period. In conflict with 

certain scientific laws, foremost among 

them, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, 

this claim led the science-world into a stalemate, contributing to a 

detrimental amount of lost of time. 

Over the course of the century, a number of scientists conducted 
experiments in favor of the chemical evolution hypothesis, or exerted 
great pains to support the claim with new theories. Huge laboratories, 
major institutions, and university divisions were set into action. All these 
efforts, however, ended in failure. Well-known evolutionist Prof. Klaus 
Dose, the Director of the Institute of Biochemistry, at Johannes-Gutenberg 
University, confessed that all attempts to produce evidence for the claim 
that non-living materials produce living matter were inconclusive: 

More than 30 years of experimentation on the origin of life in the fields 
of chemical and molecular evolution have led to a better perception of 
the immensity of the problem of the origin of life on Earth rather than 
to its solution. At present all discussions on principal theories and 
experiments in the field either end in stalemate or in a confession of 
ignorance. 19 

If the science-world had not become obsessed with the idea of 
"abiogenesis", a materialist fallacy, all such efforts, conducted in the name 
of "chemical evolution", could have been channeled to more productive 
areas. Had the scientific community started out by recognizing that life 



35 






SCIENCE 

is created by God, and that our Lord alone 
has the power to give life, all this wasted 
time, money and human resources, could 
have been avoided. Would such have been 
the case, science could concentrate on new 
discoveries and research useful to mankind, 
rather than seeking to prove Ancient Greek 
myths. 

Today, the scientific community has 
demonstrated that non-living materials 
cannot self-organize through random events 



Today the scientific community has 
demonstrated that non-living materials 
cannot self-organize through random 
events, and then join with other non- 
living materials to form a perfect and 
highly complex living thing. God, the 
Lord of all worlds, created all things, 
and He alone has the power to give life. 



36 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



and then join with other non-living materials to form perfect and highly 
complex cells. It has also become obvious that the millions of life-forms 
we see around us could not have formed, as evolutionists claim, from 
cells that came together accidentally. Certainly, a rose, a peacock, a tiger, 
an ant, in other words, no living being, could have come into existence 
by the will of unconscious cells made up of the combination of 
unconscious atoms. 

A scientist performing extensive studies into these subjects is by no 
means a product of the common decision taken by unconscious atoms. It 
is certainly impossible for unconscious atoms to develop a fully conscious 
human being. 

In this regard, hundreds of years ago it was related in the Qur'an that 
life was created by God from "nothing", that God alone gives life, and no 
other being but He has the power to "give life". If science had ascertained 
the implications of the facts transmitted by God to mankind, it would not 
have "toyed away" in inconclusive research for such a long period of time. 

The Losses The Efforts to Prove the Claim of "The 
Evolution of Species" Caused Science 

There are millions of living species on the earth, and these species differ 
from one another in a variety of ways. Consider, for instance, horses, 
birds, snakes, butterflies, fish, cats, bats, worms, ants, elephants, 
mosquitoes, bees, dolphins, starfish, jellyfish, camels... All these forms of 
life greatly differ from each other in their physical characteristics, habitats, 
hunting techniques, defense tactics, feeding habits, reproduction, and so 
on. 

So, how did these creatures come into being? 

Anyone who reflects upon this question, employing the faculty of his 
reason, would see that all living things are designed, that is, created. 
Every design proves the existence of an intelligent designer that has 
produced it. Living things, just as all other examples of design in nature, 
prove the existence of God. 

This truth has been revealed to us through Islam. In the Qur'an, we are 
informed how living things came into being: All living species were 

37 



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And God has created every animal from water: of them there 
are some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two 
legs; and some that walk on four. God creates what He wills 
for, surely, God has power over all things. (Surat an-Nur: 45) 









- 

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Surely in the heavens and the earth, are signs for those who 
believe. And in the creation of yourselves and the fact that 
animals are scattered (through the earth), are signs for those 
of assured faith. (Surat al-Jathiyyah: 3-4) 



- #( Ikr ill U ■. "" * * *5» 


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THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

created distinctively by God. God, with His unique creative power and 
infinite knowledge, equipped creatures with diverse features, and thus 
communicated His infinite power, wisdom and knowledge to humanity 
Some of the verses that refer to the creation of living things read: 

And among His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, 

and the living creatures that He has scattered through them: and He 

has power to gather them together when He wills. (Surat ash-Shura: 

29) 

And God has created every animal from water: of them there are 

some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two legs; and 

some that walk on four. God creates what He wills for, surely, God 

has power over all things. (Surat an-Nur: 45) 

He created the heavens without any pillars that you can see; He set 

on the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you; 

and He scattered through it beasts of all kinds. We send down rain 

from the sky, and produce on the earth every kind of noble creature, 

in pairs. Such is the Creation of God: now show Me what is there that 

others besides Him have created: no, but the transgressors are in 

manifest error. (Surah Luqman: 10-11) 

Surely in the heavens and the earth, are signs for those who believe. 

And in the creation of yourselves and the fact that animals are 

scattered (through the earth), are signs for those of assured faith. 

(Surat al-Jathiyyah: 3-4) 

Having recognized the reality of creation, scientists established various 
disciplines, such as biology, anatomy, and paleontology Noted scientists, 
like Carl Linnaeus, who categorized the living world under definite 
classes, and who is known as "the founder of taxonomy"; Georges Cuvier, 
the founder of fossil science and comparative anatomy; Gregor Mendel, 
the founder of genetics who discovered the laws of inheritance; or Louis 
Agassiz, who is considered the greatest American biologist of the 19th 
century, all practiced science with an awareness that all living species 
were created by God. 

Then, with the introduction of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, 
the world of science became immersed in an effort to prove that "species 
evolved from one another". This endeavor caused scientists to engage 
themselves in a number of fruitless investigations. In fossil excavations 



42 



Religion Helps Science To 



Be Rightly Guided 

conducted all around the world, scientists 
looked for intermediate form fossils that 
had existed at no time in history. 
Moreover, imaginary scenarios were 
fabricated to explain how certain 
species could have evolved into each 
other. Science journals published 
these scenarios, and eventually, these 
were taught to students in schools. 
It will be helpful to quote 
some of these scenarios, to 
demonstrate how evolu- 
tionists subject science to 
their wild fantasies. For 
instance, the following story was printed in an evolutionist article, 




Carl Linnaeus 




Carl Linnaeus, who believed that 
God created all living things, 
categorized forms of life under 
different classes for the first time, 
and was the founder of taxonomy. 



fME5^ 



43 



THE QURAN LEADS 



TO SCIENCE 




THE WAY 

regarding the transition of reptiles 
into mammals: 

Some of the reptiles in the colder 
regions began to develop a method 
of keeping their bodies warm. Their 
heat output increased when it was 
cold and their heat loss was cut 
down when scales became smaller 
and more pointed, and evolved into 
fur. Sweating was also an 
adaptation to regulate the body 
temperature, a device to cool the 
body when necessary by 
evaporation of water. But 
incidentally the young of these 
reptiles began to lick the sweat of 
the mother for nourishment. Certain 
sweat glands began to secrete a 
richer and richer secretion, which 
eventually became milk. Thus the 
young of these early mammals had 
a better start in life. 20 

In order to substantiate this 
evolutionary hypothesis, it was 
necessary to scientifically prove 



The claim that reptiles evolved 
into mammals is at definite 
odds with the discoveries of 
science. Evidence includes the 
significant differences 
between reptile scales and 
mammal fur. 



44 



Religion Helps Science 



To Be Rightly Guided 




45 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



needs, to have evolved from "sweat", as claimed above. Mother's milk is 
a substance specially regulated according to the needs of a baby, and it is 
moderated depending on each phase within a plan. Everything a baby 
needs is found in the mother's milk just when it needs to be. For instance, 
the day the baby needs potassium, is the same as the day the mother's 
milk is rich in potassium. This specialization is true for all the other 
materials the baby needs throughout its development. It is obviously 
impossible for such a nutriment to have formed by unconscious 
coincidences. 

By the same token, the other component of the above claim, the story 
of "the evolution of reptile scales into mammal furs", is clearly at odds 
with scientific facts. Scales and fur have completely different structures: 

1. Fur is follicular; that is, it grows out of a sac. Scales, on the other 
hand, are plate-like structures within the skin. In addition, scales develop, 
grow and are shed in a completely different way from that of fur. They 
definitely have nothing in common. 

2. There is no scientific evidence suggesting that fur evolved from 
scales. Evolutionists have no fossil evidence to prove this claim, just as 
they can put forth no logical mechanism to account for this 
transformation. 

This is not the only unscientific "tale" put forth as to the imaginary 
transformation of reptiles into mammals. Every evolutionist has a "story" 
of his own. Similarly, quite a few imaginary scenarios have been 
produced as to how dinosaurs evolved into birds. One of these scenarios 
holds that some dinosaurs started to fly as they chased flies. Another 
argues that dinosaurs developed wings as they jumped from one tree to 
the next. Finally, science was wont to "prove" these scenarios produced by 
the imagination of the evolutionists. Thus far, a great number of scientists 
have conducted research into how dinosaurs could have started to fly as 
they ran or jumped from tree branches, and spent years to show how 
scales turned into bird feathers. Well-known evolutionist and 
ornithologist, Alan Feduccia, is one of these scientists, who spent his life 
working on the subject. Having spent 25 years searching for a link 
between dinosaurs and birds, Feduccia offered the following confession: 

Well, I've studied bird skulls for 25 years and I don't see any similarities 

46 



Religion Helps Science 



To Be Rightly 



Guided 

whatsoever. I just don't see it... The theropod 
origins of birds, in my opinion, will be the 
greatest embarrassment of paleontology of 
the 20th century 21 

Evolutionist scenarios are not limited 
to these. Just as evolutionist 
paleontologist Dr. Colin Patterson 
admitted, "There have been an 
awful lot of stories, some more 
imaginative than others, about 
what the nature of that history 
[of life] really is." 22 Evolutionists also put forth the fantastic claim that sea 
mammals, like whales and dolphins, evolved from bears that liked 
swimming. What's more, in order to provide a basis for this scenario, they 
have produced theories about half-bear /half- whale creatures, and even 
fabricated stories of "walking whales". 

Evolutionists are free to dream and believe in any scenario they wish. 
The real problem is that they waste the science-world's resources and time 




Alan Feduccia 



Evolutionists claim that the front legs of some dinosaurs transformed 
into wings as they chased flies. Evolutionists do not hesitate to 
produce such imaginary, and essentially, preposterous theories. 




47 



THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

in the hope of proving these scenarios. As another renowned evolutionist 
scientist, Pierre Paul Grasse, said, regarding these evolutionary scenarios, 
"There is no law against daydreaming, but science must not indulge in 
it." 23 

Science will continue to hopelessly pursue such myths, as long as 
scientists base their studies on incorrect hypotheses such as Darwinism. 
The acknowledgment of the reality of creation, on the other hand, will put 
an end to all these vain endeavors, which inhibit the progress of science. 
As we have mentioned earlier, all living things were created 
individually by God. Their physical characteristics, feeding habits, 
hunting techniques, defense tactics, the way they foster their young etc., 
all reflect perfect harmonies. There is no point in claiming and trying to 
prove that these harmonies could have come about by chance. This 
perfection could not have come into being haphazardly; it could only 
have come about through the power and control of our Lord, the supreme 
Creator. Therefore, it would be much more worthwhile to investigate 
verifiable realities and their details, rather than producing completely 
imaginary scenarios. Most importantly, research with such an intent 
would help us to better know God, the Almighty, Who created human 
beings and the entire universe from nothing. 



Mutation Impasse 

Another assertion of the evolutionary theory which has wasted the 
science's time, was the delusive pursuit for "beneficial mutations". 
Mutations are changes that take place in the genetic code of an organism 
through the effect of radiation or chemicals. Though evolutionists claim 
that living things evolved through mutations, mutations are almost 
always harmful, and do not have an effect other than causing disorders in 
organisms. The radiation leakage in Chernobyl is an indication of the 
harmful effects of mutation. In the aftermath of this disaster, many people 
suffered illnesses such as leukemia, and serious disorders such as birth 
abnormalities. 

Despite the negative effects of mutation, neo-Darwinism has put forth 
two concepts as "evolutionary mechanisms", one of which is mutation. 

48 



Therefore, scientists were bent on proving that mutations could create 
beneficial effects on living things as far as the theory of evolution is 
concerned. However, as we have explained above, mutations are always 
harmful, and have never been observed to have an evolutionary effect. 

Evolutionists tenaciously devised artificial mutation models, and 
worked for decades to observe a beneficial mutation. For instance, fruit 
flies were mutated numerous times, with the hope that they would give 
rise to "a mutation improving the genetic code". The result was an utter 



normal 



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Mutation experiments carried out on fruit flies for decades did 
not produce even a single beneficial mutation. This is only one 
of the hopeless attempts of evolutionists in their search for 
beneficial mutations. 



ffr3H 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




This physical disorder is an example to 
the deleterious effects of mutations. 
Random mutations only render harm to 
a perfect structure. 



fiasco. Evolutionist Michael Pitman made the 

following remark about these extensive, albeit, 

inconclusive, mutation experiments: 

Morgan, Goldschmidt, Muller, and other 
geneticists have subjected generations of 
fruit flies to extreme conditions of heat, cold, 
light, dark, and treatment by chemicals and radiation. All sorts of 
mutations, practically all trivial or positively deleterious, have been 
produced. Man-made evolution? Not really: Few of the geneticists' 
monsters could have survived outside the bottles they were bred in. In 
practice mutants die, are sterile, or tend to revert to the wild type. 24 

Renowned evolutionist, Gordon Taylor, also stated that 50 years were 
lost to mutation experiments. 

In all the thousands of fly-breeding experiments carried out all over the 
world for more than fifty years, a distinct new species has never been 
seen to emerge... or even a new enzyme. 25 

Evolutionary arguments in other scientific areas have been no different. 
Nevertheless, evolutionists advocate Darwinism despite all scientific 
evidence, and then present their persistence as "scientific perseverance". 
What they practice, however, is not scientific perseverance, but 
resistance to science. 



Fossil Impasse 

Another example of the time-loss the evolutionary theory caused 
science is the blind alley paleontology was pushed into. There is no doubt 
that paleontological studies are essential to enlightening us about the 
history of life on the earth. The erroneous preconceptions of the 
evolutionary theory, however, have had a negative effect on fossil research 
and misled scientists. In particular, some paleontologists investigating 



50 




Richard Leakey and Alan Walker. 
Two scientists who have been 
searching for evidence of 
evolution in the field of 
paleontology for years, having 
spent much of their lives to this 
end. Both evolutionists have not 
yet been able to find what they 
have been looking for. 



the "origin of man" are caught in 
a quandary: all research carried 
out to discover a half -ape/ half- 
human creature has been a 
complete waste of time. 

It must be mentioned that 
fossil excavations are carried 
out under very difficult conditions and require large budgets. Excavations 
conducted for the last 1,5 centuries, in regions such as African deserts, by 
crowded teams of researchers, maintaining camps for months under the 
scorching sun, and with budgets over billions of dollars, have not 
presented any concrete results. Well-known fossil researcher, Richard 
Leakey, and renowned science writer, Roger Lewin, made the following 
confession regarding the inconclusiveness of these studies: 

If someone went to the trouble of collecting into one room all the fossil 
remains so far discovered of our ancestors (and their biological 
relatives) who lived, say, between five and one million years ago, he 
would need only a couple of large trestle tables on which to spread 
them out. And if that were not bad enough, a not unusually 
commodious shoe box would be more than sufficient to accommodate 
the hominid fossil finds of between fifteen and six million years ago! 26 



fMl 



51 



THE QURAN LEADS THE 



SCIENCE 




"Excavations carried out to find evidence for evolution" in 
the African deserts under the scorching sun, with million 
dollar budgets, have all proved inconclusive and 
essentially useless. Evolutionists who did not want to see 
their efforts wasted, in desperation, resorted to "fraud". 




All these were a waste of time, knowledge, labor, money and resources, 
mistakenly undertaken under the guise of "science". All around the world, 
thousands of universities, scientific institutions and organizations, 
millions of scientists, instructors and students, laboratories, technicians, 
technical equipment and numberless resources, have been consecrated to 
the service of a false allegation. The end result is literally nothing, and, 
moreover, new discoveries continue to expose the fallacy of the 
evolutionary hypothesis. Evolutionist scientist, S.J. Jones, explains, in an 
article published in Nature magazine, the predicament of 
paleoanthropology, the study of fossil research into the origin of man: 

Palaeoanthropologists seem to make up for a lack of fossils with an 
excess of fury, and this must now be the only science in which it is still 
possible to become famous just by having an opinion. As one cynic says, 
in human Paleontology the consensus depends on who shouts loudest. 27 



The Losses Those Who Deny "The Perfect Design in 
Nature" Caused Science 

To deny the fact of creation, that is to say, "design" in nature, actually 
means inhibiting scientific research. A scientist who is aware of the 



52 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly 



existence of a design in nature embarks on his studies with the aim of 
investigating this design and its purpose. An evolutionist, however, 
would not have that objective, as he considers nature to be a purposeless 
collection of matter. 

American physicist and philosopher, William Dembski, is another 
scientist who maintains that there is a "design" in nature. Dembski states 
that the evolutionary viewpoint, by denying the existence of a purpose in 
nature, holds back scientific progress. He quotes the evolutionists' term 
"junk DNA" as an example. (According to a hypothesis of evolutionist 
scientists, "junk DNA" are components of DNA that do not include any 
genetic information and therefore have no apparent genetic function). 
Dembski remarks: 

...Design is not a science stopper. Indeed, design can foster inquiry 
where traditional evolutionary approaches obstruct it. Consider the 
term "junk DNA." Implicit in this term is the view that because the 
genome of an organism has been cobbled together through a long, 
undirected evolutionary process, the genome is a patchwork of which 
only limited portions are essential to the organism. Thus on an 
evolutionary view we expect a lot of useless DNA. If, on the other 
hand, organisms are designed, we expect DNA, as much as possible, to 
exhibit function. And indeed, the most recent findings suggest that 
designating DNA as "junk" merely cloaks our current lack of 
knowledge about function. For instance, in a recent issue of the Journal 
of Theoretical Biology, John Bodnar describes how "non-coding DNA in 
eukaryotic genomes encodes a language which programs organismal 
growth and development." Design encourages scientists to look for 
function where evolution discourages it... 

Admitting design into science can only enrich the scientific enterprise. 
All the tried and true tools of science will remain intact. But design 
adds a new tool to the scientist's explanatory tool chest. Moreover, 
design raises a whole new set of research questions. Once we know that 
something is designed, we will want to know how it was produced, to 
what extent the design is optimal, and what is its purpose. 28 

Obviously, awareness of the fact that living things are created by God 
opens new avenues for science, as well as contributing to a better 
understanding of nature. 



53 



T O 



SCIENCE 



However, materialist scientists, denying 
God's creative power, claim that all the life- 
forms in nature came about as a result of 
haphazard events. In their view, the existence 
of "aberrant designs" or "unnecessary 
products" is quite natural in a universe which 
is the work of coincidence. Through the years, 
this flawed point of view has caused an 
improper interpretation of much scientific 
data, and prevented the discovery of numerous 
facts. For instance, a materialist scientist 
examining a bird feather he discovered in 
nature decides, looking at the asymmetric 
structure of the feather, that it has a distorted 
form because it came about by chance. 
Therefore, he does not feel the need to study 
the asymmetric structure of the feather. For a 
scientist who believes that God created every 
life-form for a specific purpose, and with a 
perfect design, however, the asymmetric 
pattern of a bird's feather is an important trait 
worthy of examination. A scientist who begins 
with such a premise will soon see that the 
asymmetric form of bird feathers is necessary 
for flight, and that birds with symmetric 
feather forms are unable to fly. 

Such examples are common in the world of 
science. Scientists who studied honeybees had 
a similar experience. Certain scientists, after 
calculating the angles formed by the 
honeybees to join the honeybee cells, 
determined that two angles formed by 
honeybees differed from the optimum angle 
by 0,020. (Measurements showed that angles 
formed by bees are 109.28 and 70.32 degrees. 







The complex 
make-up of DNA, 
with each of its 
properties having 
a specific purpose, 
demonstrates that 
DNA was created. 



RiFviESJ 



54 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 




The behavioral patterns of honeybees are so complex that 
scientists have been discovering the purposes of that behavior only 
recently. 



By very intricate calculation, it was determined by the mathematician 
Konig, that the optimum angles for such a purpose should be 109.26 and 
70.34). Scientists working on the subject came to the conclusion that 
honeybees were at fault by this minute fraction. The Scottish 
mathematician Colin Maclaurin (1698-1746), not satisfied with this 
explanation, applied himself to a fresh and careful investigation of the 
question. He showed that, owing to a slight misprint in the logarithmic 
tables, the result previously obtained was errant to the exact amount of 
two minutes of a degree. 29 So, it was revealed that bees had calculated the 
optimum angle correctly, and not the scientists! 

A person who is aware that God created all living things in a perfect 
form never supposes that there is an aberration in the design of an object 
of nature. He knows that every detail is created by God for a specific 
purpose. 

Another misconception, adhered to by scientists who do not believe in 
the flawless creation of God, has again to do with honeybees. The 12 
October 1996 issue of New Scientist contains a piece by Ben Crystall, where 
he maintains that honeybees beat their wings excessively, and therefore, 
their flight is inefficient. According to this article, honeybees beat their 
wings sometimes rapidly and sometimes slowly, yet fly at the same speed, 



55 



and therefore they waste energy when they beat frequently According to 
the writer, this was a failure in design. 

A team led by Jon Harrison, of Arizona State University, has published 
research findings in Science (1996, vol. 274, p. 88) which suggest that there 
are good reasons for the differences in the wing-beat frequencies of 
honeybees. As the temperature of the environment was changed, the bee's 
body temperature, the rate of its wing-beats, and its metabolic rate was 
measured. As the temperature rose from 20 to 40 degrees C, the wing-beat 
frequency decreased. Research revealed that honeybees beat their wings 
less frequently in hot weather, whereas they beat them more frequently in 
cold weather. Yet, there was no change in their flight speeds. They were 
keeping their body and hive warm with the energy output they generated 
by beating their wings more frequently in cold weather. Ultimately, it was 
revealed that wings of honeybees had a dual function: flying and 
generating heat. 

Another sophistry put forward by evolutionist scientists, who do not 
believe that God created living things distinctly and perfectly in their 
present forms, is the fallacy of "vestigial organs". Evolutionists, who argue 
that all living things evolved from a predecessor by chance, believe that 
there existed a number of "non-functional organs" in the human body, 
inherited from progenitors which had become vestigial over time by not 
being used. Scientists who do not believe in the creative attribute of God, 
caused a great deal of harmful confusion in the scientific study of these 
organs, which they assumed to be nonfunctional. As science progressed, 
it was understood that these supposedly nonfunctional organs are 
actually vital for the human body. The gradual decrease in evolutionists' 
long list of vestigial organs was the best indication of how flawed was this 
premise, that had impeded the progress of science. S.R. Scadding, an 
evolutionist himself, concurred with this fact in his article, titled "Can 
vestigial organs constitute evidence for evolution?", published in the 
magazine Evolutionary Theory: 

Since it is not possible to unambiguously identify useless structures, 
and since the structure of the argument used is not scientifically valid, 
I conclude that "vestigial organs" provide no special evidence for the 
theory of evolution. 30 



56 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



The list of vestigial organs compiled by the German anatomist R. 
Wiedersheim, in 1895, comprised of approximately 100 organs, including 
the appendix and coccyx. With the advancement of science, the number 
of organs in Widersheim's list gradually decreased, and it was discovered 
that these organs had in fact very important functions in the body For 
instance, it was discovered that the appendix, which was supposed to be 
a "vestigial organ", was actually a lymphoid organ that fought against 
infections in the body It was also discovered that the tonsils, which were 
included in the same list of vestigial organs, had a significant role in 
protecting the throat against infections, particularly until adolescence. It 
was found that the coccyx, at the lower end of the vertebral column, 
supports the bones around the pelvis, and is the converging point of 
certain small muscles. In the years to follow, it came to be understood that 
the thymus instigated the immune system in the human body by 
activating the T cells, that the pineal gland was in charge of the secretion 
of some important hormones, and the functions of many other 
supposedly non-functional organs were discovered. The semi-lunar fold 
in the eye, that was referred to as a vestigial organ by Darwin, is in fact in 
charge of cleansing and lubricating the eyebrow. 

All of these examples point to one fact: in order for scientific research 
to be effective and expeditious, it must be founded on a correct premise. 
God created everything for a certain purpose, with a flawless and 
inimitable design. Therefore, the ultimate goal of a scientist investigating 
nature should be to discover the details of this perfection in all things, and 
explore the hidden purposes of every phenomenon he encounters. 



The Negative Effects on Evolutionist and Atheist 
Scientists From Knowing that Their Efforts Are In 
Vain 

In fact, conducting extensive research and study of fallacious and 
inconclusive hypotheses, is also emotionally draining for evolutionist 
scientists. When they come to understand that a majority of the research 
to which they have devoted their lives is futile and useless, they feel great 
despair. Conducting scientific research requires great discipline and self- 



57 



SCIENCE 



sacrifice. Carrying out long drawn-out experiments and observations in 
the laboratory, for a premise which they know will come to nothing, and 
only to discover that the direct opposite of the hypothesis they want to 
prove is correct, is certainly quite upsetting for such scientists. 

In his book, Darwin's Black Box, where he discusses the scientific 
invalidity of Darwinism, noted American biochemist, Michael Behe, 
describes the psychology of the evolutionist scientists confronted by the 
reality of "design" apparent in the living cell: 

Over the past four decades modern 

biochemistry has uncovered the secrets of 

the cell. The progress has been hard won. It 

has required tens of thousands of people 

to dedicate the better parts of their lives 

to the tedious work of the laboratory. . . 

The result of these cumulative efforts 

to investigate the cell - to investigate 

life at the molecular level - is a 

loud, clear, piercing cry of 

"design!" The result is so 

unambiguous and so significant 

that it must be ranked as one of 

the greatest achievements in the history of 

science. This triumph of science should evoke cries of "Eureka" from 

ten thousand throats. 

But, no bottles have been uncorked, no hands clapped. Instead, a 
curious, embarrassed silence surrounds the stark complexity of the cell. 
When the subject comes up in public, feet start to shuffle, and breathing 
gets a bit labored. In private people are a bit more relaxed; many 
explicitly admit the obvious but then stare at the ground, shake their 
heads, and let it go like that. Why does the scientific community not 
greedily embrace its startling discovery? Why is the observation of 
design handled with intellectual gloves? The dilemma is that while one 
side of the [issue] is labeled intelligent design, the other side must be 
labeled God. 31 

Some evolutionists in the scientific community have admitted to 
suffering such desperation. For instance, evolutionist paleontologist, Dr. 




58 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



Colin Patterson, the senior paleontologist of the British Museum of 
Natural History, and also the author of the book titled Evolution, made the 
following famous comments in an address he made at the opening of the 
Museum of Natural History in New York: 

Question is: Can you tell me anything you know about evolution, any 
one thing that is true? I tried that question on the geology staff at the 
Field Museum of Natural History and the only answer I got was 
silence. . . Then I woke up and realized that all my life I had been duped 
into taking evolutionism as revealed truth in some way 32 

Somewhere else in the same speech, Patterson also noted: 

One of the reasons I started taking this anti-evolutionary view, or let's 
call it a non- evolutionary view, was last year I had a sudden realization 
for over twenty years I had thought I was working on evolution in 
some way One morning I woke up and something had happened in the 
night and it struck me that I had been working on this stuff for twenty 
years and there was not one thing I knew about it. That's quite a shock 
to learn that one can be so misled so long. 33 

Evolutionist, Dr. N. Heribert-Nilsson, Director of the Botanical Institute 
at Lund University, Sweden, confessed to having 
wasted over 40 years for nothing, saying, 
"My attempt to demonstrate evolution 
by an experiment carried on for more 
than 40 years has completely failed." 34 






4 


MM*-"- 




^P ^HP 4H 








1 T * "^ 



A great portion 
of the extensive 
efforts of 
evolutionist 
scientists has 
been for 
nothing. This 
outcome has 
certainly caused 
many scientists 
to lose their 
enthusiasm for 
research. 



fF^Effi 



59 



THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

These individual examples show what science has suffered by pursuing a 
false theory. For decades, the knowledge, time, energy, work, laboratory, 
assistants and financial resources of thousands of scientists have been 
wasted in a bogus attempt to support the myth of evolution. 

More interestingly, not only the evolutionists of our day, but also 
Charles Darwin, the founder of the theory, often fretted about "spending 
his time for nothing", and that "he will be disappointed at the end". 
Darwin repeatedly talked about his worries over this point in his letters 
to his friends or in his articles. In one of these, he confessed that there is 
no evidence in nature to support his theory: 

All nature is perverse and will not do as I wish it. 35 

Darwin's lack of self-confidence is also manifest in his following words: 

Nevertheless I doubt whether the work (of writing The Origin of Species) 
was worth the consumption of so much time. 36 

Obviously, a fallacious theory, if 
advocated purely for ideological reasons, 
also causes distress and desperation in its 
proponents. Such are the inevitable 

consequences of setting science on an 
erroneous course. 

The Losses Evolutionist 
Frauds Have Caused For 
Science 

As evolutionists were unable to 

discover evidence in support of their 

theory, now and then, they deceived 

humanity by distorting their scientific 




Saying, "I doubt whether the 
work was worth the 
consumption of so much 
time", Darwin stated his lack 
of faith in his attempts to 
prove the theory of evolution. 



ET^Effi 



60 



Religion Helps Science To 



Be Rightly 



findings and perpetrating hoaxes. The most notorious of these hoaxes was 
the "Piltdown Man" scandal. Unable to discover fossils of the supposedly 
half-ape/half-human creatures, which they alleged to have existed, 
evolutionists finally decided to produce one themselves. By mounting an 
orangutan's jaw onto a human skull, and giving it a dated appearance by 
treating it with certain chemicals, for several years they exhibited the 
skull in the most famous museum of the world, as a "human ancestor". F. 
Clark Howell, an evolutionist himself, describes the detriment this fraud 
has caused for science as such: 

Piltdown was discovered in 1953 to have been nothing more than an 
Ape's jaw placed with a human skull. It was a hoax placed on purpose. 
They recognized neither the jaw to be an ape's or the skull to be a 
human's. Instead, they declared each part as an in between of ape and 
human. They dated it to be 500,000 years old, gave it a name 
(Eoanthropus Dawsoni or 'Dawn Man'), and wrote some 500 books on 
it. The 'discovery* fooled paleontologists for forty five years. 37 

The words of this scientist are truly remarkable. A false piece of "so- 
called evidence" "fooled" the scientific community for 40 years. The fact 
that 500 books were written about a fraudulent skull is a glaring 
indication of effort expended for naught. 

The perpetrator of another evolutionary fraud, Ernst Haeckel, not only 
confessed to his forgery, but also referred to the distortions committed by 
his colleagues in order to perpetuate their various ideologies: 

After this compromising confession of "forgery" I should be obliged to 
consider myself condemned and annihilated if I had not the 
consolation of seeing side by side with me in the prisoners' dock 
hundreds of fellow culprits, among them many of the most trusted 
observers and most esteemed 
biologists. The great majority of all 
the diagrams in the best biological 



The false skull used in 
the Piltdown man hoax 




61 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

textbooks, treatises and journals would incur in the same degree the 
charge of "forgery", for all of them are inexact, and are more or less 
doctored, schematised and constructed. 38 

Attempts to make observations, experiments and research concur with 
evolution, the covering-up of the truths, or their distorted presentation, 
has certainly been a serious impediment to scientific progress. The 
evolutionist writer W.R. Thompson admitted to that fact, though 
indirectly, with these words: 

This situation where scientific men rally to the defense of a doctrine 
they are unable to define scientifically, much less demonstrate with 
scientific rigor, attempting to maintain its credit with the public by 
suppression of criticism and the elimination of difficulties, is abnormal 
and undesirable in science. 39 

The most interesting thing is that all the studies and experiments 
evolutionists make to prove evolution ultimately yield evidence that 
supports the fact of creation. 



Scientific Findings Always Prove the Fact of Creation 
Though Evolutionist Do Not Like It 

As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, when science is guided 
by erroneous ideologies, time, money and labor are spent wastefully 
Since the 18th century, science has been under the influence of 
materialists, and almost all research was intended to provide scientific 
evidence for the materialist philosophy. Therefore, scientific evidence 
discounting the materialist philosophy was either covered up or 
presented in a distorted manner. 

Moreover, every study and experiment made by evolutionists to prove 
evolution produced further evidence in support of creation. Science is 
relatively simple and trouble-free for those who believe in God's 
existence. Investigating a phenomenon known to exist, and looking for 
evidence for it, would cause no trouble for scientists. On the contrary, to 
seek out non-existent evidence is "tedious" and "annoying", as they 
themselves attest. 

One of the most blatant examples of this is the paleontological findings 

62 



Religion Helps Science To Be Rightly Guided 



of the Cambrian Period. This is the name given to the period which is 
estimated to date back 550 million years, and at which the first signs of life 
have been observed. All of the life-forms that existed in this period were 
fully developed creatures possessing highly complex systems. For 
instance, an extinct creature called the trilobite possesses a complicated 
compound eye structure. Comprised of 100 lenses, this eye structure is the 
same as that of some modern insects such as the dragonfly. What is 
"troublesome" for the evolutionists is that these creatures, exhibiting such 
complex structures, appear in this stratum all of a sudden and without 
any ancestors. These scientific facts clearly point to Creation. 

This is how renowned evolutionist scientist, British zoologist Richard 




No matter how hard evolutionists try to prove the 
contrary, every scientific discovery points to the 
existence of God and the subtleties of His creation. 
The complex forms of life that suddenly appeared in 
the Cambrian period are proof of this creation. 



iT^ES 




63 



SCIENCE 



Dawkins, assesses how scientific discoveries are consistently in support of 
the fact of creation: 

For example the Cambrian strata of rocks, vintage about 600 million 
years, are the oldest ones in which we find most of the major 
invertebrate groups. And we find many of them already in an 
advanced state of evolution, the very first time they appear. It is as 
though they were just planted there, without any evolutionary history. 
Needless to say, this appearance of sudden planting has delighted 
creationists. 40 

This state of "inconclusiveness" in the field of paleontology is one of the 
gravest impasses to encumber the evolutionary theory. As we have 
repeatedly stated, evolutionist scientists 
have expended their best efforts for 
decades to find transitional forms 



(a supposed animal in between 
two different species) that will 
provide evidence of evolution. 
Yet, they have never achieved any 
concrete results, because such 



r 





The trilobite fossil of the Cambrian, and the intricate features 
of its compound eye, are evidence of creation. 



E*'>IE£J 



64 




The eye structure of the trilobite is as complex 
as that of the dragonfly living in our day. 



creatures have never existed on the earth. Evolutionist paleontologist, 
Mark Czarnecki, makes the following comment about the failure of 
evolutionists to find the fossils of transitional forms which they have been 
looking for: 

A major problem in proving the theory has been the fossil record; the 
imprints of vanished species preserved in the Earth's geological 
formations. This record has never revealed traces of Darwin's 
hypothetical intermediate variants - instead species appear and 
disappear abruptly, and this anomaly has fueled the creationist 
argument that each species was created by God. 41 

Reading between the lines of the statements of some evolutionists 
reveals that every endeavor to seek scientific justification for evolution 
has proved unsuccessful, and failed to lead to any definite conclusions. 
On the contrary, each study conducted by evolutionist scientists to 
confirm the notion that everything came into being through chance points 
to an irrepressible truth: the reality that all living things are created 
flawlessly by God, the Lord of the heavens and the earth. 



65 



THE WAY 



SCIENCE 



Conclusion 

Our immediate surroundings, and the universe we live in, teem with 
numerous signs of the fact of creation. Implicit in the fascinating system 
of a mosquito, the glorious artistry in the wings of a peacock, a complex 
and perfectly functioning organ like the eye, and millions of other forms 
of life, are signs of the existence of God, and His supreme knowledge and 
wisdom, for people who believe. A scientist who maintains that creation 
is a fact views nature from this perspective, and derives great pleasure in 
every observation he makes, and every experiment he conducts, gaining 
inspiration for further studies. 

On the other hand, believing in a myth such as evolution, and adhering 
to it despite the findings of science, results in an emotional state of 
despair. The harmony in the universe and the design in living things 
becomes rather a great source of trouble to them. The following words of 
Darwin offer us a glimpse into the sentiments of most evolutionists: 

I remember well the time when the thought of the eye made me cold 
all over, but I have got over this stage of complaint... and now trifling 
particulars of structure often make me very uncomfortable. The sight of 
a feather in a peacock's tail, whenever I gaze at it, makes me sick! 42 

The feathers of a peacock, as well as countless other signs of creation in 
nature, continue to discomfit evolutionists. Turning a blind eye to such 
apparent miracles, they develop an ambivalence to such truths, 
accompanied by a mental state of denial. A good case to this point is the 
prominent evolutionist Richard Dawkins, who goes so far as to call upon 
Christians not to assume that they have witnessed a miracle, even if they 
see the statue of the Virgin Mary waving to them. According to Dawkins, 
"Perhaps all the atoms of the statue's arm just happened to move in the 
same direction at once-a low probability event to be sure, but possible." 43 

In order for science to progress, these holdovers of the 19th century 
must be pushed aside, and free-thinking scientists bold enough to admit 
the facts they apprehend take their place. 



The reason why the feathers of a peacock made Darwin 
"sick" was that they evidently imply the existence of a 
superior Creator. 



E*'7£E£J 



66 




67 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




RELIGION AND SCIENCE ARE 
ALWAYS IN AGREEMENT 

Materialists, in an attempt to conceal their defeat by science, often take 
recourse through various propaganda methods. Foremost of them is the 
cliche of "the conflict between science and religion", commonly employed 
by materialist publications. These sources cover factitious stories, 
suggesting that throughout history religion has always been against 
science, and that science can progress only if religion is ruled out. 

A quick look at the history of science, however, will be sufficient to 
point out the falsehood of this claim. 

When we look at the history of Islam, we see that science was 
introduced into the Middle East along with the Qur'an. Pre-Islamic Arabs 
believed in all sorts of superstitions and hearsay, and conducted no 
investigation of the universe or nature. With Islam, this community 
became civilized, and, beginning to hold knowledge in high regard, and 
by observing the commands of the Qur'an, began to examine the world 
around them. Not only Arabs, but many other nations, such as the 
Iranians, Turks, and North Africans, became enlightened after embracing 
Islam. The use of reason and observation commanded in the Qur'an gave 
rise to a great civilization in the 9th and 10th centuries. Many Muslim 
scientists living during that period made significant discoveries in a 
number of disciplines, such as astronomy, mathematics, geometry, and 
medicine. 

The importance given to knowledge in Islam is also obvious in the 
ahadith of our Prophet, God's Messenger, peace be upon him. There are 
numerous ahadith encouraging Muslims to seek knowledge and 



68 



Religion and Science are Always in Agreement 



disseminate it. Some of them read: 

One who proceeds on a path in the pursuit of knowledge, God makes 
him proceed therewith on a path to the Garden (Paradise)... The 
learned are the heirs of the prophets, for the prophets did not leave 
behind a legacy of wealth but that of knowledge. So whoever partakes 
of it derives a plenteous benefit. 44 

A believer is never satiated with gainful knowledge; he goes acquiring 
it till his death and entry into Paradise. 45 

It is narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) used to say after the dawn prayer, 
"O God, I ask You for beneficial knowledge, acceptable action, and 
good provision." 46 

Playing an important role in the transfer of scientific knowledge to 
Europe, as well as producing many Muslim scientists of her own, 
Andalusia was a crucible of revolutionary discoveries and scientific 
progress, particularly in the field of medicine. Muslim physicians did not 
specialize in a single subject, but conducted studies in a wide range of 
fields, including pharmacology, surgery, ophthalmology, gynecology, 
physiology, bacteriology and hygiene. One of the most noted Andalusian 
physicians was Ibn Juljul (?-992), who conducted extensive studies on 
medical herbs, and produced works on the history of medicine and 
medical herbs. Another distinguished physician of the time was Abu 
Ja'far Ibn al-Jazzar (7-1009) from Tunisia, who mastered the science of 
drug therapy for the treatment of specific symptoms and diseases, and 



Only those of His servants with knowledge have fear of 
God. God is Almighty, Ever -Forgiving. (Surah Fatir: 28) 



God bears witness that there is no deity but Him, as do 

the angels and the people of knowledge, upholding 

justice. There is no deity but Him, the Almighty, 

the All- Wise. (Surat Al imran: 18) 



69 



authored more than 30 books. Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi (1162-1231) is 
known for his studies in anatomy. He corrected the mistakes made in the 
past in anatomical studies of many bones of the body, such as the jaw and 
chest bone. Baghdadi's book, Al-Ifade ve'l Itibar, was re-published in 1788, 
and translated into Latin, German and French. His book Makalatun fi'l 
Havas covered the five senses. 

Muslim anatomists determined the number of bones in the human 
skull correctly, and discovered the existence of three ossicles in the ear. 
One of the leading Muslim scientists working in anatomy was Ibn Sina 
(980-1037), known as Avicenna in the West. Instructed in literature, 
mathematics, geometry, physics, natural sciences, philosophy and logic, 
in his early years, Ibn Sina was not only widely known in the East, but 
also in the West. His most popular work, al-Qanun fi al-Tibb, known as the 
'Canon' in the West, was written in Arabic, and after its translation into 
Latin in the 12th century, became the textbook of the schools of Europe 
until the 17th century. The Canon deals with diseases and drugs in a 
systematic manner. Apart from this, he wrote more than 100 books on 
philosophy and natural sciences. A significant portion of the medical 
knowledge included in the Canon is still accepted today. 

Zakariya Qazwini countered many mistaken beliefs about the heart 
and the brain that had been professed since Aristotle. The facts he 
provided about the heart and the brain are very close to our knowledge 
of today. 

The works in anatomy of Zakariya Qazwini, Hamdullah al-Mustauf i 
al-Qazwini (1281-1350), and Ibn al-Nafis, laid the foundation of modern 
medicine. These scientists demonstrated, as early as the 13th and 14th 
centuries, the connections between the heart and the lungs, that the 
arteries carry oxygenated blood, and the veins carry deoxygenated blood, 
that the blood is oxygenated in the lungs, and that the oxygenated blood 
that returns to the heart is carried to the brain and other organs of the 
body via the aorta. 

The first volume of Ali Bin Isa's (7-1038) three-volume work on the 
ophthalmologic diseases, called the Tezkiratu'l Kahhalin fi'l Ayn and 
Emraziha, is entirely devoted to the anatomy of the eye and includes very 
detailed information. The work was translated into Latin and German. 



70 




71 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



Muhammad ibn Zakariyya ar Razi (Rhazes) (865-925), Burhan al-din 
Nafis(?-1438), Isma'il Jurjani (7-1136), Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi (1236- 
1310), Mansur ibn Muhammad, Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Albucasis), 
are just some of the Muslim scientists noted for their studies in astronomy, 
mathematics, medicine and anatomy. 

There were also many Muslim scientists who made great contributions 
to various disciplines other than medicine and anatomy For instance, Al- 
Biruni knew that the earth rotates about its own axis, some 600 years 
prior to Galileo, and determined the earth's circumference some 700 years 
prior to Newton. Ali Kushchu, a 15th century scientist, was the first to 
make a map of the moon, and a region of the moon has been named after 
him. Thabit ibn Qurrah (Thebit), who lived in the 9th century, invented 
differential calculus centuries before Newton. Battani, a 10th century 
scientist, is the first developer of trigonometry. Abul Waf a Muhammad 
al-Buzjani introduced the "secant-cosecant" to trigonometry for the first 
time. Al-Khwarizmi wrote the first book on algebra in the 9th century. Al- 
Maghribi invented the equation known today as the Pascal triangle, some 
600 years prior to Pascal. Ibn al-Haitham (Alhazen), who lived in the 11th 
century, was the founder of optics. Roger Bacon and Kepler made use of 
his works, and Galileo invented the telescope by referring to them. Al- 
Kindi (Alkindus) introduced relative physics and the theory of relativity 
some 1100 years prior to Einstein. Shams al-din, who lived some 400 
years prior to Pasteur, was the first to discover the existence of germs. Ali 
ibn al- Abbas lived in the 10th century and was the first to perform cancer 
surgery. In the same century, Ibn el Jessar introduced the reasons and 
treatment methods of leprosy. These Muslim scientists, only some of 
whom are mentioned here, have made important discoveries that laid the 
foundation for modern science. 

When we look at Western civilization, we see that the advent of modern 
science arrived with faith in God. The 17th century, known as the "Age of 
the Scientific Revolution", abounds with scientists whose primary aim 
was the exploration of the universe and nature that God created. All 
scientific institutes established in various countries, such as Britain and 
France, had as their main goal "coming nearer to God by discovering His 



72 




AM Kushchu, a 15th century scientist, was the first to make a map 
of the moon, and a region of the moon has been named after him. 



I 



laws". This same trend made its way into the 18th century. Some of the 
scientists known for their devotion to God, and who made significant 
contributions to the world of science, were Newton, Kepler, Copernicus, 
Bacon, Galileo, Pascal, Boyle, Paley, and Cuvier, to name a few. (For 
further detail, please see the chapter "Scientists of Faith"). 

These scientists believed in God and practiced scientific research with 
an inspiration derived from their faith. One of the best indications of this 
was the "Bridgewater Treatises", a series of publications released in Britain 
in the early 19th century. A number of scientists conducted research on a 
variety of disciplines, and defined the object of their study to be "the signs 
of the harmony and order God created in the universe and nature". The 
method employed by these scientists is referred to as "Natural Theology", 
meaning "knowing God through nature". 

It was William Paley's Natural Theology: Evidences of the Existence and 
Attributes of the Deity, Collected From the Appearances of Nature, published in 
1802, that pioneered the Bridgewater Treatises. In this book, Paley gave 
examples of design in living things, displaying a comprehensive 
knowledge of anatomy. 



73 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



Taking Paley's work as a model, a call was made to the nominated 
members of the Royal Society of London. It was further directed that 
those so selected should be appointed to write, print, and publish one 
thousand copies of a work: "On the Power, Wisdom and Goodness of God 
as manifested in the Creation illustrating such work by all reasonable 
arguments as, for instance, the variety and formation of God's creatures, 
in the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms; the effect of digestion and 
thereby of conversion; the construction of the hand of man and an infinite 
variety of other arguments; as also by discoveries ancient and modern in 
arts, sciences, and the whole extent of modern literature." 

This call to explore the signs of God's existence was answered by many 
scientists who produced highly valuable studies. Those works produced 
as a consequence were the following: 

(1) "The Adaptation of External Nature to the Moral and Intellectual 
Constitution of Man", by Thomas Chalmers (1833) 

(2) "Chemistry, Meteorology, and Digestion", by William Prout, M.D. 
(1834) 

(3) "History, Habits, and Instincts of Animals", by William Kirby (1835) 

(4) "The Hand, as Evincing Design", by Sir Charles Bell (1837) 

(5) "Geology and Mineralogy", by Dean Buckland (1837) 

(6) "The Adaptation of External Nature to the Physical Condition of 
Man", by J. Kidd, M.D. (1837) 

(7) "Astronomy and General Physics", by Dr. William Whewell (1839) 

(8) "Animal and Vegetable Physiology", by P. M. Roget, M.D. (1840). 
The Bridgewater Treatises are only one example of the meeting of 

religion and science. The main thrust behind numerous scientific studies, 
conducted both before and after these works, was to know the universe 
God created, and thus perceive His almightiness. 

The scientific community's deviation from this initial course was 
brought about by the predominance of the materialist philosophy in 19th 
century Western culture, that resulted due to certain social and political 
conditions. This process finds its fullest expression in Darwin's theory of 
evolution, culminating, in direct contradiction to the former view, in the 
presentation of science and religion as two bitterly conflicting sources of 
knowledge. 



74 



Religion and Science are Always in Agreement 



* 



ii'rfl?J 



Referring to this development, British researchers, Michael Baigent, 
Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln, make this comment: 

For Isaac Newton, a century and a half before Darwin, science was 
not separate from religion but, on the contrary, an aspect of religion, 
and ultimately subservient to it. ...But the science of Darwin's time 
became precisely that, divorcing itself from the context in which it had 
previously existed and establishing itself as a rival absolute, an 
alternative repository of meaning. As a result, religion and science were 
no longer working in concert, but rather stood opposed to each other, 
and humanity was increasingly forced to choose between them. 47 

Today, however, this contrived conflict between religion and science is 

found to be contrary to the very findings of science. Religion declares that 

the universe was created from nothingness, and science has 

found proofs of that fact. Religion teaches us that 

living things are created by God, and science has 

provided us with evidence of this in the design 

discovered in living things. In his book, 

Nature's Destiny, Michael Denton wrote: 

"Science, which has been for centuries the 

great ally of atheism and skepticism, has 

become at last, in these final days of the second 

millennium, what Newton and many of its early 

advocates had so fervently wished - the 

'defender of the anthropocentric faith.'" 48 

This conclusion attained by science has 
helped a growing number of scientists to come 
to a strong belief in God. Noted biochemist Michael Behe refers to this fact 
when he says, "Incidentally, scientists who believe in God or a reality 
beyond nature are much more common than popular media stories lead 
one to believe. There is no reason to think that the figure of 90 percent of 
the general population that believes in God is much different for 
scientists." 49 

Confronted by the conclusion established by science, all that the 
materialists can do is set certain pressure tactics into action, and seek to 
intimidate the rest of the scientific community. In the West, a scientist has 




Michael Denton 



fMl 



75 



THE QURAN LEADS THE 



WAY 



T O 



SCIENCE 

777 






to conform to certain expectations in order to 
be promoted, to receive his/her MD or 
Ph.D., or to have his articles published in 
scientific journals. The number one 
condition required is to accept the 
theory of evolution unconditionally. 
For this reason, some scientists are 
forced to uphold Darwinist myths 
which they may actually reject, 
disregarding the signs of 
creation. In an article published 
in the Scientific American 
magazine, in the September 
1999 issue, titled "Scientists 
and Religion in America", University of 
Washington sociologist Rodney Stark points out the pressures imposed 
on scientists: 

There's been 200 years of marketing that if you want to be a scientific 
person you've got to keep your mind free of the fetters of religion. . . .In 
research universities, the religious people keep their mouths shut. And 
the irreligious people discriminate. There's a reward system to being 
irreligious in the upper echelons. 50 

Another facet of the systematic struggle waged by materialists against 
science is the propaganda methods we mentioned earlier. Central to this 
propaganda are mottoes such as "religion conflicts with science", or 
"science has got to be materialist". Now let us see why these claims are 
illogical and unsustainable. 




The Medieval Church's Reaction Against Scientists 

Anti-religionist circles commonly use the errant practices and reactions 
of the Medieval Church as a weapon against religion. It is said that the 
Church retarded Europe and caused it severe misery. Implicit in these 
efforts is the attempt to associate the Medieval Church with religion, and 
to deliver the message that "if religion prevails, we will be buried in the 



76 



Religion and Science are Always in Agreement 



darkness of the Middle Ages". True religion, however, is not reflected in 
the practices and reactions of the Catholic Church. 

The Catholic Church, abandoning the true revelation brought by the 
Prophet Jesus, adopted certain irreligious practices. Science indubitably 
suffered great harm at the hands of the Church, which was ruled by a 
clergy serving the special interests of certain few, thus completely 
divorcing itself from its divine source. This historical development, 
however, cannot be attributed to the religion of Islam. Islam is based, not 
on the superstitions of its clergy, but on the Qur'an only, which is the word 
of God. 

A significant example, showing that the bigotry of the Catholic Church 
had nothing to do with faith, is that scientists like Galileo, who were 
persecuted by the Church, were actually devout people. (The beliefs of 
these scientists will be examined in more detail in the second part of the 
book). This example shows once more that the pressures the religious 
establishment brought upon science is not a consequence of faith, but the 
distortion of religion. 







1 






■Uh^I 










The Catholic Church, abandoning the revelation brought by the 
Prophet Jesus, adopted certain irreligious practices. Even 
scientists like Galileo faced a stern reaction from the Church. 
This picture depicts the trial of Galileo during the Inquisition. 



iTtfEEJ 



77 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



Criticism Based on the Bible and the Torah 

A number of materialists, who want to portray religion and science as 
inimical, not only cite examples from the practices of the Catholic Church, 
but also quote specific passages from the Torah, or the Bible, to 
demonstrate how they contradict scientific discoveries. Yet, there is one 
truth they either disregard or pretend ignorance of: The Bible and the 
Torah are altered texts. Both include many superstitions produced by 
man. Therefore, it would be very wrong to regard these books as basic 
reference sources of religion. 

The Qur'an, on the other hand, is the revelation of God. It has not 
been altered in the least; not even a single letter of it has been changed. 
For this reason, there is no contradiction or error in the Qur'an. All the 
facts proclaimed by the Qur'an parallel scientific findings. Moreover, 
numerous scientific facts that could only be discovered in our day were 
announced in the Qur'an to people 1400 years ago. This is an important 
miracle of the Qur'an, and is one of the definitive proofs that it is the word 
of God. (Some of the scientific facts pointed out in the Qur'an will be 
covered in the chapters ahead). 

Aware of this, materialists, unable to quote any verses from the Qur'an 
for their purposes, cite only the Bible or the Torah to express their anti- 
religionist views. 



The Claim that "Science Ought to be Materialist" 

Another propaganda tool used by scientists is the cliche that "Scientific 
studies matter alone, therefore it ought to be materialist". 

Actually, this is nothing but a play on words, as anyone who gives it a 
little thought will recognize. It is true that science studies matter, but this 
does not imply that it needs to be materialistic; for "studying matter" and 
"being materialist" are very different things. 

When we study matter, we conclude that this matter contains a 
knowledge and design too great to come about of its own. We can 
appreciate that this knowledge and design was consciously created by an 
intelligent agent, though we cannot see him. Let us consider, for instance, 
a cave, which we do not know whether anyone has visited it before us or 



78 




not. If we see, when we enter it, impressive, masterful pictures on the 
walls of the cave, we then conclude "there must have been an intelligent 
agent here before us, who obviously produced these many works". We 
may never see this intelligent agent, but we know of his existence from his 
artifacts. 

It is in this manner that science studies nature, and discovers that there 
is an order in nature which can by no means be explained by material 



79 



factors, and that this design could only have been brought into being 
through supra-material Wisdom. In other words, the material world 
teems with evident signs of God's creative power and authority. 



Materialists' Bigoted and Dogmatic Approach 

One who subscribes to a certain view is free to test whether that view 
can be verified by scientific facts, and to perform scientific research for 
that purpose. A person, for instance, can proclaim that the world is flat, 
and conduct research to support his assertion. The important matter is 
how this person assesses the scientific data he accumulates. A scientist 
evaluating scientific results objectively will be unable to find any 
evidence proving that the earth is flat, on the contrary, he will encounter 
much evidence that the earth is elliptical. In this case, what this person 
must do is to admit the truth without prejudice, and give up his earlier 
beliefs. 

The same holds true for materialism. Science has proven that matter is 
not an absolute being, but that it had a beginning. Moreover, it has shown 
that there is a mind-boggling design in nature. Therefore, materialist 
scientists studying matter have seen that their theory is inapplicable, and 
that the truth is actually the very opposite of their claim. 

Interestingly, however, such persons entertain a blind devotion to 
materialism, exhibiting an astonishing tenacity in holding on to their 
"belief". A Harvard geneticist, Richard Lewontin, a well known 
materialist and evolutionist, excuses his dogmatic materialism in these 
words: 

It is not that the methods and institutions of science somehow compel 
us to accept a material explanation of the phenomenal world, but, on 
the contrary, that we are forced by our a priori adherence to material 
causes to create an apparatus of investigation and a set of concepts that 
produce material explanations, no matter how counter-intuitive, no 
matter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, that materialism is 
absolute, so we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door. 51 

Here Lewontin actually depicts the mindset of all materialists. As he 
acknowledges, materialists first subscribe to the materialist ideology 

80 



Religion and Science are Always in Agreement 



■ 



i^A?J 



above all else, and then look for evidence to support their ideology. That 
is to say, materialism is not a conclusion materialists have arrived at 
through scientific research, but a prejudice they impose upon science. 

The same idea is embodied in the words of another evolutionist as well. 
In his book, titled Origins: A Skeptic's Guide to Creation of Life on Earth, the 
renowned evolutionist Robert Shapiro states his commitment to the 
theory of evolution as such: 

Some future day may yet arrive when all reasonable chemical 
experiments run to discover a probable origin for life have failed 
unequivocally. Further, new geological evidence may indicate a sudden 
appearance of life on the earth. Finally, we may have explored the 
universe and found no trace of life, or process leading to life, elsewhere. 
In such a case, some scientists might choose to turn to religion for an 
answer. Others, however, myself included, would attempt to sort out 
the surviving less probable scientific explanations in the hope of 
selecting one that was still more likely than the remainder. 52 

Here, what Shapiro means when he says "scientific explanations" is 
actually "materialist explanations". This blind devotion to materialism has 
led Shapiro, and thousands of others like him, to subscribe to a fanatical 
disbelief. What they are actually saying is, "no matter what evidence is 
presented, we will not believe in God". 

Most interestingly, this obsession is not peculiar to 
the current materialists alone. In the Qur'an, 
God reveals important knowledge about these 
people who have resolved to remain 
disbelievers. For instance, the Egyptians, who 
said, "no matter what kind of Sign you bring 
to bewitch us, we will not believe in you" 
(Surat al-A'raf: 132) to the Prophet Moses, 
who showed them a number of miracles, 
had the same predisposition as the 
materialists of today. God refers to 
these people in this way: 

Some of them listen to you but 
We have placed covers on their 
hearts, preventing them from Robert Shapiro 




81 



THE QURAN LEADS THE 



WAY 



T O 



SCIENCE 



understanding it, and heaviness in their ears. Though they see every 
Sign, they still would not believe, so that when they come to you, 
disputing with you, the unbelievers say, This is nothing but the 
myths of previous peoples! 1 (Surat al-An f am: 25) 
They have sworn by God with their most earnest oaths that if a Sign 
comes to them they would believe. Say: The Signs are in God's 
control alone/ What will make you realize that even if a Sign did 
come, they would still not believe? (Surat al-An f am: 109) 




82 




83 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 













i 



THE SCIENTIFIC MIRACLES 
OF THE QURAN 

Fourteen centuries ago, God sent down the Qur'an to mankind as a 
book of guidance. He called upon people to be guided to the truth by 
adhering to this book. From the day of its revelation to the day of 
judgment, this last Divine Book and the Sunnah of our Prophet, peace be 
upon him, will remain the guide for humanity. 

The matchless style of the Qur'an and the superior wisdom in it are 
definite evidence that it is the word of God. In addition, the Qur'an has 
many miraculous attributes proving that it is a revelation from God. One 
of these attributes is the fact that a number of scientific truths that we have 
only been able to uncover by the technology of the 20th century were 
stated in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago. 

Of course the Qur'an is not a book of science. However, many scientific 
facts that are expressed in an extremely concise and profound manner in 
its verses have only been discovered with the technology of the 20th 
century. These facts could not have been known at the time of the Qur'an's 
revelation, and this is still more proof that the Qur'an is the word of God. 

In order to understand the scientific miracle of the Qur'an, we must first 
take a look at the level of science at the time when this Holy Book was 
revealed. 

In the 7th century, when the Qur'an was revealed, Arab society had 
many superstitious and groundless beliefs where scientific issues were 
concerned. Lacking the technology to examine the universe and nature, 
these early Arabs believed in legends inherited from past generations. 
They supposed, for example, that mountains supported the sky above. 
They believed that the earth was flat and that there were high mountains 
at its both ends. It was thought that these mountains were pillars that kept 

84 



The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an 

the vault of heaven high above. 

However all these superstitious 
beliefs of Arab society were 
eliminated with the Qur'an. In the 
2nd verse of Surat ar-Rad, it was 
said: "God is He Who raised up 
the heavens without any 
support... "(Surat ar-Rad: 2). This 
verse revealed that the belief that 
the sky remains above because of 
the mountains was incorrect. In 
many other subjects, important 
facts were revealed at a time 
when no one could have known 
them. The Qur'an, which was 
revealed at a time when people 
knew very little about astronomy, 
physics, or biology, contains key 
facts on a variety of subjects such 
as the creation of the universe, the 
creation of the human being, the 
structure of the atmosphere, and 
the delicate balances that make 
life on earth possible. 

Now, let us look at some of 
these scientific miracles revealed 
in the Qur'an together. 




85 



The Coming of the Universe Into Existence 

The origin of the universe is described in the Qur'an in the following 
verse: 

He created the heavens and the earth from nothing. 

(Surat al-An am: 101) 

'_■.■ j_j 

This information given in the Qur'an is in full agreement with the 
findings of contemporary science. The conclusion that astrophysics has 
reached today is that the entire universe, together with the dimensions of 
matter and time, came into existence as a result of a great explosion that 
occurred in no time. This event, known as "The Big Bang" proved that the 
universe was created from nothingness as the result of the explosion of a 
single point. Modern scientific circles are in agreement that the Big Bang 
is a rational and provable explanation of the beginning of the universe 
and of how the universe came into being. 

Before the Big Bang, there was no such thing as matter. From a 
condition of non-existence in which neither matter, nor energy, nor even 
time existed, and which can only be described metaphysically, matter, 



Dark blue 

regions 

represent 

the 

background 

radiation 



Pink regions are hot 



Blue regions 
are cold 




Red regions are the 
hottest places 



The sensitive sensors on board the COBE space satellite 
which was launched by NASA in 1992, captured evidentiary 
remnants of the Big Bang. This discovery served as evidence 
for the Big Bang, which is the scientific explanation of the 
fact that the universe was created from nothing. 



EaivJEffi 



86 



energy, and time were all created. This fact, only recently discovered by 
modern physics, was announced to us in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago. 



The Expansion of the Universe 

In the Qur'an, which was revealed 14 centuries ago at a time when the 
science of astronomy was still primitive, the expansion of the universe 
was described like this: 

And it is We Who have constructed the heaven with might, 

and verily, it is We Who are steadily expanding it. 

(Surat adh-Dhariyat: 47) 

The word "heaven", as stated in this verse, is used in various places in 
the Qur'an with the meaning of space and universe. Here again, the word 
is used with this meaning. In other words, in the Qur'an it is revealed that 
the universe "expands". And this is the very conclusion that science has 
reached today. 

Until the dawn of the 20th century, the only view prevailing in the 
world of science was that "the universe has a constant nature and it has 
existed since infinite time". The research, observations, and calculations 
carried out by means of modern technology, however, have revealed that 
the universe in fact had a beginning, and that it constantly expands. 

At the beginning of the 20th 
century, the Russian physicist 
Alexander Friedmann and the 
Belgian cosmologist Georges 
Lemaitre theoretically calculated 
that the universe is in constant 
motion and that it is expanding. 

This fact was proved also by 
observational data in 1929. 
While observing the sky with a 
telescope, Edwin Hubble, the 
American astronomer, 

discovered that the stars and 



future 




fME5^ 



87 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



galaxies were constantly moving away from each other. A universe where 
everything constantly moves away from everything else implied a 
constantly expanding universe. The observations carried out in the 
following years verified that the universe is constantly expanding. This 
fact was explained in the Qur'an when that was still unknown to anyone. 
This is because the Qur'an is the word of God, the Creator, and the Ruler 
of the entire universe. 

Orbits 

One of the most important reasons for the great equilibrium in the 
universe is the fact that celestial bodies follow specific paths. Stars, 
planets and satellites all rotate around their own axes and also rotate 
together with the system of which they are a part, and the universe 
functions within a finely-tuned order, just like the wheels in a factory. 

There are about 200 billion galaxies in the universe, consisting of nearly 
200 billion stars in each. Most of these stars have planets, and most of those 
planets have satellites. All of these heavenly bodies move in very precisely 
computed orbits. For millions of years, each has been "swimming" along in 
its own orbit in perfect harmony and order with all the others. Moreover, 
many comets also move along in the orbits determined for them. 

The orbits in the universe do not only belong to some celestial bodies. 
The Solar System and even other galaxies also exhibit considerable motion 
around other centers. Every year the Earth, and the Solar System with it, 
move some 500 million km from where they were the previous year. It has 
been calculated that even the slightest deviation from celestial bodies' paths 
could have drastic consequences which might spell the end of the entire 
system. For example, the consequences of the earth's deviating from its 
course by a mere 3 mm have been described in one source as follows: 

While rotating around the sun, the earth follows such an orbit that, 
every 18 miles, it only deviates 2.8 millimeters from a direct course. The 
orbit followed by the earth never changes, because even a deviation of 
3 millimeters would cause catastrophic disasters: if the deviation were 
2.5 mm instead of 2.8 mm, then the orbit would be very large, and all 
of us would freeze. If the deviation were 3.1 mm, we would be scorched 
to death. 53 



88 




Another characteristic of heavenly bodies is that they also rotate 
around their own axes. This may be one of the implications of the verse 
"[I swear] by Heaven with its cyclical systems." (Surat at-Tariq: 11). 

Surely at the time the Qur'an was revealed, mankind did not possess 
today's telescopes or advanced observation technologies to observe millions 
of kilometers of space, nor the modern knowledge of physics or astronomy. 
Therefore, at that time, it was not possible to determine scientifically that 
space is "full of paths and orbits" as stated in the verse. (Surat adh-Dhariyat: 
7) However, this was openly declared to us in the Qur'an that was revealed 
at that time — because the Qur'an is the word of God. 



The Sun's Trajectory 

It is stressed in the Qur'an that the Sun and Moon follow specific 



courses: 



It is He Who created night and day and the sun and moon, each one 
swimming in a sphere. (Surat al-Anbiya': 33) 



89 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




All of these heavenly bodies move in precisely 
computed orbits. For millions of years, each has 
been "swimming" along in its own orbit in 
perfect harmony and order with the others. 




90 



The Scientific Miracles of the 



The word "swim" in the above verse is expressed in Arabic by the word 
sabaha and is used to describe the movement of the Sun in space. The 
word means that the Sun does not move randomly through space, but 
that it rotates around its axis and follows a course as it does so. The fact 
that the Sun is not fixed in position but rather follows a specific trajectory 
is also stated in another verse: 

And the sun runs to its resting place. That is the decree of the 
Almighty, the All-Knowing. (Surah Ya Sin: 38) 

■_-.-. ,j 

These facts set out in the Qur'an were only discovered by means of 
astronomical advances in our own time. According to astronomers' 
calculations, the Sun moves in the general direction of the star Vega, 
which lies somewhat close to the "Solar Apex," — the unique direction in 
our galaxy that our sun moves — at an incredible speed of 720,000 
km/hour. In rough terms, this shows that the Sun traverses some 17.28 
million kilometers a day. As well as the Sun itself, all the planets and 
satellites within its gravitational field also travel the same distance. 



The Protected Roof 

In the Qur'an, God calls our attention to a very important attribute of 
the sky: 

We made the sky a preserved and protected roof yet still 
they turn away from Our Signs. (Surat al- Anbiya: 32) 

This attribute of the sky has been proved by scientific research carried 
out in the 20th century. 

The atmosphere surrounding the earth serves crucial functions for the 
continuity of life. While destroying many meteors big and small as they 
approach the earth, it prevents them from falling to earth and harming 
living things. 

In addition, the atmosphere filters the light rays coming from space that 
are harmful to living things. Strikingly, the atmosphere lets only harmless 

91 



SCIENCE 




As illustrated here, the celestial bodies wandering 
in space could pose a serious threat to the Earth. 
Yet, God, He Who creates most perfectly, has 
made the atmosphere a protective roof. 



and useful rays- visible light, near ultraviolet light, and radio waves pass 
through. All of this radiation is vital for life. Near ultraviolet rays, which 
are only partially let in by the atmosphere, are very important for the 
photosynthesis of plants and for the survival of all living beings. The 
majority of the intense ultraviolet rays emitted from the sun are filtered 
out by the ozone layer of the atmosphere and only a limited-and 
essential-part of the ultraviolet spectrum reaches the Earth. 

The protective function of the atmosphere does not end here. The 
atmosphere also protects the earth from the freezing cold of the space, 
which is about minus 270 degrees Centigrade. 

It is not only the atmosphere that protects the Earth from harmful 
effects. In addition to the atmosphere, the Van Allen Belt, a layer caused 
by the magnetic field of the Earth, also serves as a shield against the 
harmful radiation that threatens our planet. This radiation, which is 
constantly emitted by the Sun and other stars, is deadly to living things. If 
the Van Allen belt did not exist, the massive outbursts of energy called 



92 




The two Van Allen belts surrounding the Earth include 
electrically charged particles, such as electrons and 
protons. They rotate according to a spiral orbit. 



1) Earth 

2 and 3) Two magnetic belts surrounding the Earth 




The Van Allen Belt, a layer caused by the 
magnetic field of the Earth, also serves as a 
shield against the harmful radiation that 
threatens our planet. 



solar flares that frequently occur in the Sun would destroy all life on Earth. 
Dr. Hugh Ross has this to say on the importance of Van Allen Belts to 
our lives: 

In fact, the Earth has the highest density of any of the planets in our Solar 
System. This large nickel-iron core is responsible for our large magnetic 
field. This magnetic field produces the Van- Allen radiation shield, which 
protects the Earth from radiation bombardment. If this shield were not 
present, life would not be possible on the Earth. The only other rocky 
planet to have any magnetic field is Mercury — but its field strength is 100 
times less than the Earth's. Even Venus, our sister planet, has no magnetic 
field. The Van- Allen radiation shield is a design unique to the Earth. 54 

The energy transmitted in just one of these bursts detected in recent 
years was calculated to be equivalent to 100 billion atomic bombs similar 
to the one dropped on Hiroshima. Fifty-eight hours after the burst, it was 
observed that the magnetic needles of compasses displayed unusual 
movement and 250 kilometers above the earth's atmosphere, the 
temperature suddenly increased to 2,500 degrees Celsius. 

In short, a perfect system is at work high above the Earth. It surrounds 



93 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




The Ionosphere layer reflects radio waves 
broadcast from a certain centre back down to 
the Earth, thus enabling broadcasts to be 
received from long distances. 



The Ozonosphere turns harmful cosmic rays 
like ultraviolet back to space, hence 
preventing them from reaching the Earth 
and harming life. 



The troposphere layer enables water vapor 
rising from the surface of the Earth to be 
condensed and turn back down to the Earth 



our world and protects it against external threats. Scientists only learned 
about it recently, yet centuries ago, God informed us in the Qur'an of the 
world's atmosphere functioning as a protective shield. 

The Returning Sky 

The 11th verse of Surat at-Tariq in the Qur'an, refers to the "returning" 
function of the sky: 

By Heaven with its cyclical systems. (Surat at-Tariq: 11) 

The word rajaai interpreted as "cyclical" in Qur'an translations also has 
meanings of "sending back" or "returning". 

As known, the atmosphere surrounding the Earth consists of many 
layers. Each layer serves an important purpose for the benefit of life. 
Research has revealed that these layers have the function of turning the 
materials or rays they are exposed to back into space or back down to the 
Earth. Now let us examine with a few examples of this "recycling" 
function of the layers encircling the Earth. 

94 



The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an 



The troposphere, 13 to 15 kilometers above the Earth, enables water vapor 
rising from the surface of the Earth to be condensed and turn back as rain. 

The ozone layer, which lies in the Stratosphere at an altitude of 25 
kilometers, reflects harmful radiation and ultraviolet light coming from 
space and turns both back into space. 

The ionosphere reflects radio waves broadcast from the Earth back 
down to different parts of the world, just like a passive communications 
satellite, and thus makes wireless communication, radio, and television 
broadcasting possible over long distances. 

The magnetosphere layer turns the harmful radioactive particles emitted 
by the Sun and other stars back into space before they reach the Earth. 

The fact that this property of the atmosphere's layers, that was only 
demonstrated in the recent past was announced centuries ago in the 
Qur'an, once again demonstrates that the Qur'an is the word of God. 



The Layers of the Atmosphere 

One fact about the universe revealed in the verses of the Qur'an is that 
the sky is made up of seven layers: 

It is He Who created everything on the earth for you and then 

directed His attention up to heaven and arranged it into seven 

regular heavens. He has knowledge of all things. 

(Surat al-Baqara: 29) 

Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke... In two days 

He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, 

in every heaven, its own mandate... 

(Surah Fussilat: 11-12) 

The word "heavens", which appears in many verses in the Qur'an, is 
used to refer to the sky above the Earth, as well as the entire universe. 
Given this meaning of the word, it is seen that the Earth's sky, or the 
atmosphere, is made up of seven layers. 

Indeed, today it is known that the world's atmosphere consists of different 
layers that lie on top of each other. 55 The definitions made based on the 
criteria of chemical contents or air temperature have determined the 



95 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

atmosphere of the earth as seven layers. 56 According to the "Limited Fine Mesh 
Model (LFMII)", a model of atmosphere used to estimate weather conditions 
for 48 hours, the atmosphere again consists of 7 layers. According to the modern 
geological definitions the seven layers of the atmosphere are as follows: 

1. Troposphere 

2. Stratosphere 

3. Mesosphere 

4. Thermosphere 

5. Exosphere 

6. Ionosphere 

7. Magnetosphere 

Another important miracle on this subject is mentioned in the statement 
"(He) revealed, in every heaven, its own mandate" in the 12th verse of 
Surah Fussilat. In other words, in the verse, God states that He assigned 
each heaven its own duty. Truly, as seen in the previous section, each one of 
these layers has vital duties for the benefit of human kind and all other 
living things on the Earth. Each layer has a particular function, ranging from 
forming rain to preventing harmful rays, from reflecting radio waves, to 
averting the harmful effects of meteors. 

The verses below inform us about the appearance of the seven layers of 
the atmosphere. 

Do you not see how He created seven heavens in layers? 
(Surah Nuh: 15) 

He Who created the seven heavens in layers... 
(Surat al-Mulk: 3) 

The Arabic word tibaqan in these verses, translated into English as "layer" 
means "layer, the appropriate cover or covering for something," and thus 
stresses how the top layer is well suited to the lower. The word is also used in the 
plural here, giving the meaning of "layers." The sky, described in the verse as 
being in layers, is without doubt the most perfect expression of the atmosphere. 

It is a great miracle that these facts, which could not possibly be 
discovered without the technology of the 20th century, were explicitly stated 
by the Qur'an 1,400 years ago. 

96 



The atmosphere is 
made up of 7 layers 
which differ from 
each other by various 
physical qualities, 
such as pressure and 
their gaseous 
components. Each 
layer has a task vital 
for life on earth. 




1 


hfi* 




-*k 


** 


U4 


'/ 


t 




i J 














■jl 




E~ 


1 n \ 





EXOSPHERE 



IONOSPHERE 



HERMOSPHERE 



MESOSPHERE 



OSONOSPHERE 



STRATOSPHERE 



TROPOSPHERE 



CLOUDS 




ATMOSPHERE 



Today, it is an established fact 
that the atmosphere is made up 
of different layers lying on top 
of one another. Just as it is 
described in the Qur'an, the 
atmosphere is made up of 
exactly seven layers. 




97 



The Function of Mountains 

The Qur'an draws attention to a very important geological function of 
mountains. 

We placed firmly embedded mountains on the earth, so it would 
not move under them... (Surat al-Anbiya: 31) 

■_-.-■. ,j 

As we have noticed, it is stated in the verse that mountains have the 
function of preventing shocks in the Earth. 

This fact was not known by anyone at the time the Qur'an was revealed. 
It was in fact brought to light only recently as a result of the findings of 
modern geology. 

It used to be thought that mountains were merely protrusions on the face 
of the earth. 

Scientists have now come to realize that mountains are not just surface 
elevations or protrusions, however, but that they extend 10-15 times their 
height into the ground, and these extensions are called mountain roots. With 
these properties, mountains play a similar role to a nail or a stake hammered 
into the ground. For instance, a peak such as Mount Everest, which rises 
almost 9 km above the Earth's surface, has a root that extends downward for 
more than 125 km. 57 

Besides, mountains emerge as a result of the movements and collisions of 
massive plates forming the Earth's crust. When two plates collide, the * 
stronger one slides under the other, the one on the top bends and forms 
heights and mountains. The layer beneath proceeds under the ground and 
makes a deep extension downward. That means, as pointed out earlier, that 
mountains have a portion stretching downwards, as large as their visible 
parts on the Earth. 

In a scientific text, the structure of mountains is described as follows: 

Where continents are thicker, as in mountain ranges, the crust sinks deeper 
into the mantle. 58 

Professor Siaveda, a world famous marine geologist, made the following 
comment in referring to the way mountains are imbedded into the Earth like 
roots: 

The fundamental difference between continental mountains and the oceanic 
mountains lies in its material... But the common denominator on both 



98 



The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an 



mountains are that they have roots to support the mountains. In the case of 
continental mountains, light-low density material from the mountain is 
extended down into the earth as a root. In the case of oceanic mountains, there 
is also light material supporting the mountain as a root... [T]he function of the 
roots are to support the mountains according to the law of Archimedes. 59 

Moreover, Frank Press, the former President of the U.S. National Academy 
of Sciences, says in his book Earth, still used as a university textbook all over 
the world, that mountains resemble stakes and are buried into the depths of 
the earth. 60 

In a verse, this role of the mountains is pointed out by a comparison with 
"pegs": 

Have We not made the earth as a bed and the mountains its pegs? 

(Surat an-Naba 1 : 6-7) 

In another verse God has revealed that He has "made the mountains 

firm/' (Surat an-Nazi'at: 32) The Arabic word arsaha in this verse means "has 
made rooted, made fixed, hammered into the ground." Thanks to these 
features, mountains extend over and under the ground at the points where 
the layers of the earth meet, and rivet those layers together. In this way, they 
stabilize the earth's crust and thus prevent it from sliding over the magma 
stratum or among its own strata. In short, we can compare mountains to nails 
holding pieces of wood together. 

Today we know that the rocky outer stratum of the earth is riven by deep faults 
and split up into plates floating on magma. Given the high speed at which the 
earth rotates around its own axis, these floating plates would move around were 
it not for the fixative effect of the mountains. In that event, no soil could form on 
the face of the Earth, no water could be collected in the soil, no plants could grow, 
and no roads or buildings could be constructed; in short, life on Earth would be 
impossible. By the mercy of God, however, mountains to a large extent prevent 
movement on the surface of the Earth by functioning just like nails. 

This vital role of mountains, that was discovered by modern geology and 
seismic research, was revealed in the Qur'an centuries ago as an example of the 
supreme wisdom in God's creation. In another verse, it is again said: 

It is God Who cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth 
so that it would not move under you... (Surah Luqman: 10) 



99 



Ocean 



Sediment 



Ocean 



_m 



Continental Crust 



Moho 



Mantle 



Horizontal Distance not to scale 



km 


-10 
-20 



r--30 

-40 

h-50 



Mountains have roots deep under the surface of the ground. {Earth, Press and 
Siever, p. 413) 



N. Germany 



Europe Russian Platform Caucasus 




Schematic section. Mountains, like pegs, have deep roots embedded in the 
ground. (Anatomy of the Earth, Cailleux, p.220) 



Mountain Range 



Erosion 



Sea Level 



Continental Crust 




Mountain root 



Another illustration shows how mountains are peg-like in shape, due to their 
deep roots. (Earth Science, Tarbuck and Lutgens, p.158) 



EiT^ESJ 



100 



The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an 



The Identity in the Fingerprint 

While it is stated in the Qur'an that it is easy for God to bring man back 
to life after death, peoples' fingerprints are particularly emphasized: 

Yes, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of 
his fingers. (Surat al-Qiyama: 3-4) 

The emphasis on fingerprints has a very special meaning. This is 
because everyone's fingerprint is unique to himself. Every person who is 
alive or who has ever lived in this world has a set of unique fingerprints. 

That is why fingerprints are accepted as a very important proof of 
identity exclusive to their owner, and are used for this purpose around 
the world. 

But what is important is that this feature of fingerprints was only 
discovered in the late 19th century. Before then, people regarded 
fingerprints as ordinary curves without any specific importance or 
meaning. However in the Qur'an, God points to the fingertips, which did 
not attract anyone's attention at that time, and calls our attention to their 
importance-an importance that was only finally understood in our day. 



Sweat gland 
duct pore 
Hair 

Epidermis 



Dermis 

Sebaceous 



Subcutaneous 
layer 



Dead keratin 
cells 



Living 
dividing cells 




Sensory 

nerve 

ending 



Nerve 
Capillary 

Lymphatic 
vessel 




Erector 
papilla 
muscle 

Sweat 
gland 



As illustrated 
here, the 
fingerprint 
which is unique 
to each person, 
derives from the 
same structure 
in all people. 



F^ES 



101 



The Movement of Mountains 

In one verse, we are informed that mountains are not motionless as 
they seem, but are in constant motion: 

You will see the mountains you reckoned to be solid going past 
like clouds. (Surat an-Naml: 88) 

This motion of the mountains is caused by the movement of the Earth's 
crust that they are located on. The Earth's crust 'floats' over the mantle 
layer, which is denser. It was at the beginning of the 20th century when, 
for the first time in history, a German scientist by the name of Alfred 
Wegener proposed that the continents of the earth had been attached 
together when it first formed, but then drifted in different directions, and 
thus separated as they moved away from each other. 

Geologists understood that that Wegener was right only in the 1980s, 50 
years after his death. As Wegener pointed out in an article published in 1915, 
the land masses of the earth were joined together about 500 million years 
ago, and this large mass, called Pangaea, was located in the South Pole. 

Approximately 180 million years ago, Pangaea divided into two parts, 
which drifted in different directions. One of these giant continents was 
Gondwana, which included Africa, Australia, Antarctica and India. The 
second one was Laurasia, which included Europe, North America and 
Asia, except for India. Over the next 150 million years following this 
separation, Gondwana and Laurasia divided into smaller parts. 

These continents that emerged after the split of Pangaea have been 
constantly moving on the Earth's surface at several centimeters per year, 
in the meantime changing the sea and land ratios of the Earth. 

Discovered as a result of the geological research carried out at the 
beginning of the 20th century, this movement of the Earth's crust is 
explained by scientists as follows: 

The crust and the uppermost part of the mantle, with a thickness of 
about 100 kms., are divided into segments called plates. There are six 
major plates, and several small ones. According to the theory called 
plate tectonics, these plates move about on Earth, carrying continents 
and ocean floor with them... Continental motion has been measured at 



102 



The Scientific 



Miracles of the 



Q u r ' a n 



from 1-5 cm per year. As the plates continue to move about, this will 
produce a slow change in Earth's geography. Each year, for instance, 
the Atlantic Ocean becomes slightly wider. 61 

There is a very important point to be stated here: God has referred to 
the motion of mountains as a drifting action in the verse. Today, modern 
scientists also use the term "continental drift" for this motion. 62 

Continental drift is something which could not be observed at the time of 
the revelation of the Qur'an, and in the words, "You will see the mountains 
you reckoned to be solid" God revealed in advance the way in which 
people were to approach the subject. He then revealed another truth, saying 
that the mountains went past like clouds. As we have seen, attention is 
drawn in the verse to the mobility of the stratum in which mountains stand. 

Unquestionably, it is one of the miracles of the Qur'an that this scientific 
fact, which has recently been discovered by science, was announced in the 
Qur'an. 




103 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

777 



The Miracle in the Iron 

Iron is one of the elements highlighted in the Qur'an. In Surat al-Hadid, 
meaning Iron, we are informed: 

... And We also sent down iron in which there lies great force and 
which has many uses for mankind... (Surat al-Hadid: 25) 

The word anzalna, translated as "sent down" and used for iron in the 
verse, could be thought of having a metaphorical meaning to explain that 
iron has been given to benefit people. But when we take into 
consideration the literal meaning of the word, which is, "being physically 
sent down from the sky", as is in the case of rain and the Sun's rays, we 
realize that this verse implies a very significant scientific miracle. This is 
because modern astronomical findings have disclosed that the iron found 
in our world has come from the giant stars in outer space. 63 

Not only the iron on earth but also the iron in the entire Solar System 
comes from outer space since the temperature in the sun is inadequate for 
the formation of the element iron. The Sun has a surface temperature of 
6,000 degrees Celsius and a core temperature of approximately 20 million 
degrees. Iron can only be produced in much larger stars than the Sun, where 
the temperature reaches a few hundred million degrees. When the amount 
of iron exceeds a certain level in a star, the star can no longer accommodate 
it, and eventually it explodes in what is called a "nova" or a "supernova". 
These explosions make it possible for iron to be given off into space. 64 

One scientific source provides the following information on this 
subject: 

There is also evidence for older 
supernova events: Enhanced levels of 
iron-60 in deep-sea sediments have 
been interpreted as indications that a 
supernova explosion occurred 
within 90 light-years of the sun 
about 5 million years ago. Iron-60 is a 
radioactive isotope of iron, formed in 
supernova explosions, which decays with 
a half life of 1.5 million years. An enhanced presence of this isotope in 



104 





Dt 


w ! HJ ii 


k« 


■ -P 

Eu Qd 


JL& 


J 1 " 


H 

Tpj 




H 




■"■™" ■■■ l - 1 - 


■Fl 


A\JL\JL\a 


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A £ 



Al-Hadid is the 57th surah of the Qur'an. The numerical value of the 
word "al-hadid" in Arabic is again 57. The numerical value of the 
word "hadid" alone is 26. As seen also in the above periodic table, 26 
is the atomic number of iron. 



a geologic layer indicates the recent nucleosynthesis of elements nearby 
in space and their subsequent transport to the earth (perhaps as part of 
dust grains). 65 

All this shows that iron did not form on the Earth, but was carried from 
supernovas, and was "sent down ", in exactly the same way as stated in 
the verse. It is clear that this fact could not have been scientifically known 
in the 7th century, when the Qur'an was revealed. However, this fact is 
related in the Qur'an, the word of God Who encompasses all things in His 
infinite knowledge. 

Astronomy has also revealed that the other elements also formed 
outside the Earth. In the expression "We also sent down iron" in the 
verse, the word "also" may well be referring to that fact. However, the fact 
that the verse specifically mentions iron is exceedingly thought- 
provoking in the light of discoveries made at the end of the 20th century. 
In his book Nature's Destiny, the well-known microbiologist Michael 
Denton emphasizes the importance of iron: 

105 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



Of all the metals there is none more essential to life than iron. It is 
the accumulation of iron in the center of a star which triggers a 
supernova explosion and the subsequent scattering of the vital atoms 
of life throughout the cosmos. It was the drawing by gravity of iron 
atoms to the center of the primeval earth that generated the heat which 
caused the initial chemical differentiation of the earth, the outgassing of 
the early atmosphere, and ultimately the formation of the hydrosphere. 
It is molten iron in the center of the earth which, acting like a gigantic 
dynamo, generates the earth's magnetic field, which in turn creates the 
Van Allen radiation belts that shield the earth's surface from 
destructive high-energy-penetrating cosmic radiation and preserve the 
crucial ozone layer from cosmic ray destruction... 

Without the iron atom, there would be no carbon-based life in the 
cosmos; no supernovae, no heating of the primitive earth, no 
atmosphere or hydrosphere. There would be no protective magnetic 
field, no Van Allen radiation belts, no ozone layer, no metal to make 
hemoglobin [in human blood], no metal to tame the reactivity of 
oxygen, and no oxidative metabolism. 

The intriguing and intimate relationship between life and iron, between 
the red color of blood and the dying of some distant star, not only 
indicates the relevance of metals to biology but also the biocentricity of 
the cosmos... 66 

The importance of the iron atom can clearly be seen from this account. 
The fact that particular attention is drawn to iron in the Qur'an 
emphasizes the importance of the element. In addition to all this, there is 
another secret in the Qur'an which draws attention to the importance of 
iron: Verse 25 in Surat al-Hadid, which refers to iron, contains two rather 
interesting mathematical codes. 

Al- Hadid is the 57th surah in the Qur'an. The numerical (abjad) value 
of the word al-Hadid in Arabic, when the numerical values of its letters are 
added up, is also 57. 

The numerical value of the word hadid alone is 26. And 26 is the atomic 
number of iron. 



106 



The Fecundating Winds 

In one verse of the Qur'an, the "fecundating" characteristic of the 
winds, and the formation of rain as a result are mentioned: 

And We send the fecundating winds, then cause water to descend 
from the sky, therewith providing you with water in abundance. 

(Surat al-Hijr: 22) 

In this verse, it is pointed out that the first stage in the formation of rain 
is wind. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the only relationship 
between the wind and the rain that was known, was that the wind drove 
the clouds. However, modern meteorological findings have demonstrated 
the "fecundating" role of the wind in the formation of rain. 

This fecundating function of the wind works in the following way: 

On the surface of oceans and seas, countless air bubbles form because 
of the water's foaming action. The moment these bubbles burst, 
thousands of tiny particles, with a diameter of just one hundredth of a 
millimeter, are thrown up into the air. These particles, known as 
"aerosols", mix with dust carried from the land by the wind, and are 
carried to the upper layers of the atmosphere. These particles carried to 
higher altitudes by winds come into contact with water vapor up there. 
Water vapor condenses around these particles and turns into water 
droplets. These water droplets first come together and form clouds, and 
then fall to the Earth in the form of rain. 

As seen, winds "fecundate" the water vapor floating in the air with the 
particles they carry from the sea, and eventually help the formation of 
rain clouds. 

If winds did not possess this property, water droplets in the upper 
atmosphere would never form, and there would be no such thing as rain. 

The most important point here is that this critical role of the wind in the 
formation of rain was stated centuries ago in the Qur'an, at a time when 
people knew very little about natural phenomena... 

Another piece of information about the fecundating aspect of wind is 
the role it plays in the fertilization of plants. Many plants on the Earth 
ensure their survival by spreading their pollen by means of the wind. 



107 



Many open pollinated plants, pine and palm trees and similar, as well as 
flowering seed plants and all grasses are fertilized by the wind. The wind 
takes the pollen from the plants and aids fertilization by carrying the 
pollen to other plants of the same species. 

This effect of wind on plants was unknown until very recently. When it 
was realized, however, that plants are divided into males and females, the 
fertilizing effect of the wind was also understood. The Qur'an indicates 
this fact in the verse, "... We send down rain from the sky, and produce 
on the earth every kind of noble creature, in pairs/' (Surah Luqman: 10) 



The Proportion of Rain 

One of the items of information given in the Qur'an about rain is that it 
is sent down to Earth in due measure. This is mentioned in Surat az- 
Zukhruf as follows: 

It is He who sends down water in measured amounts from the sky by 

which We bring a dead land back to life. That is how you too 

will be raised (from the dead). 

(Surat az-Zukhruf: 11) 

This measured quantity in rain has again been discovered by modern 
research. It is estimated that in one second, approximately 16 million tons 




On the earth, water is recycled according to a certain "measure". Life 
on earth is dependant on this water cycle. 



IK'IEEil 



108 



The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an 



of water evaporates from the Earth. This figure amounts to 513 trillion 
tons of water in one year. This number is equal to the amount of rain that 
falls on the Earth in a year. This means that water continuously circulates 
in a balanced cycle, in a "measure". Life on Earth depends on this water 
cycle. Even if people used all the available technology in the world, they 
would not be able to reproduce this cycle artificially. 

Even a minor deviation in this equilibrium would very soon give rise 
to a major ecological imbalance that would bring about the end of life on 
Earth. Yet, this never happens, and rain keeps falling every year in exactly 
the same quantity just as revealed in the Qur'an. 

The proportion of rain does not merely apply to its quantity, but also to 
the speed of the falling rain drops. The speed of rain drops, regardless of 
their size, does not exceed a certain limit. 

Philipp Lenard, a Nobel-prize winning German physicist, determined 
that the speed at which raindrops fall increases with drop diameter, up to 
a size of 4.5 mm (0.18 inch). For larger drops, however, the speed of 
descent does not increase beyond 8 meters per second (26 ft/sec). 67 This is 
attributed to the shape of the falling drops, which increases their air 
resistance and prevents them from exceeding a certain speed. 

As can be seen, attention is drawn in the Qur'an to a delicate 
adjustment in rain which could not have been known 1400 years ago. 



The Seas' Not Mingling With One Another 

One of the properties of seas that has only recently been discovered is 
related in a verse of the Qur'an as follows: 

He has let loose the two seas, converging together, 

with a barrier between them they do not break through. 

(Surat ar -Rahman: 19-20) 

This property of the seas, that they come together yet do not mingle 
with one another at all, has only very recently been discovered by 
oceanographers. Because of the physical force called "surface tension", 
the waters of neighboring seas do not mix. Caused by the difference in the 
density of their waters, surface tension prevents them from mingling with 

109 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY 



T O 




SCIENCE 



Despite the fact that there 
are large waves, strong 
currents, and tides in these 
seas, they do not mingle 
with one another, nor do 
they break through the 
barrier between them. 
Proven scientifically only 
very recently, this fact was 
pronounced in Surat ar- 
Rahman of the Qur'an 14 
centuries ago. 






Atlantic Ocean 



Mediterranean Sea 




Mediterranean Sea water enters the Atlantic by Gibraltar. But their temperature, salinity, and 
densities do not change, because of the barrier that separates them. 



one another, just as if a thin wall were between them. 68 

The interesting side to this is that during a period when people had no 
knowledge of physics, surface tension, or oceanography; this was 
revealed in the Qur'an. 



The Sex of the Baby 

Until fairly recently, it was thought that a baby's sex was determined 
by the mother's cells. Or at least, it was believed that the sex was 
determined by the male and female cells together. But we are given 
different information in the Qur'an, where it is stated that masculinity or 
femininity is created out of "a drop of sperm which has been ejected". 



no 



The Scientific Miracles 




of the 



Q u r ' a n 

7&j 



In the Qur'an, it is said that 
masculinity or femininity 
are created out of "a drop 
of semen which has been 
ejected". However, until 
fairly recently, it was 
believed that a baby's sex 
was determined by the 
mother's cells. Science 
only discovered this 
information given in the 
Qur'an in the 20th century. 






He has created both sexes, male and female from a drop of semen 

which has been ejected. (Surat an-Najm: 45-46) 

Was he not a drop of ejaculated sperm, then a blood-clot which He 

created and shaped, making from it both sexes, male and female? 

(Surat al-Qiyama: 37-39) 

The developing disciplines of genetics and molecular biology have 
scientifically validated the accuracy of this information given by God in 
the Qur'an. It is now understood that sex is determined by the sperm cells 
from the male, and that the female has no role in this process. 




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It is the chromosomes that 
determine the sex. 



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THE QURAN LEADS THE 



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SCIENCE 



Chromosomes are the main elements in determining sex. Two of the 46 
chromosomes that determine the structure of a human being are identified 
as the sex chromosomes. These two chromosomes are called "XY" in males, 
and "XX" in females, because the shapes of the chromosomes resemble these 
letters. The Y chromosome carries the genes that code for masculinity, while 
the X chromosome carries the genes that code for femininity. 

The formation of a new human being begins with the cross 
combination of one of these chromosomes, which exist in males and 
females in pairs. In females, both components of the sex cell, which 
divides into two during ovulation, carry X chromosomes. The sex cell of 
a male, on the other hand, produces two different kinds of sperm, one that 
contains X chromosomes and the other Y chromosomes. If an X 
chromosome from the female unites with a sperm that contains an X 
chromosome, then the baby is female. If it unites with the sperm that 
contains a Y chromosome, the baby is male. 

In other words, a baby's sex is determined by which chromosome from 
the male unites with the female's ovum. 

None of this was known until the discovery of genetics in the 20th 
century. Indeed, in many cultures, it was believed that a baby's sex was 
determined by the female's body. That was why women were blamed 
when they gave birth to girls. 

Fourteen centuries before human genes were discovered, however, the 
Qur'an revealed information that denies this superstition, and referred to the 
origin of sex lying not with women, but with the semen coming from men. 

The Embryo Clinging to the Uterus 

If we keep on examining the facts announced to us in the Qur'an about 
the formation of human beings, we again 
encounter some very important scientific miracles. 
When the sperm of the male unites with the 
ovum of the female, the essence of the baby to be 
born is formed. This single cell, known as a 
"zygote" in biology, will instantly start to 
reproduce by dividing, and eventually become a 
I "piece of flesh" called an embryo. This of course 




112 



The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an 



can only be seen by human beings with the aid of a microscope. 

The embryo, however, does not spend its developmental period in a 
void. It clings to the uterus just like roots that are firmly fixed to the earth 
by their tendrils. Through this bond, the embryo can obtain the 
substances essential to its development from the mother's body 69 

Here, at this point, a very significant miracle of the Qur'an is revealed. 
While referring to the embryo developing in the mother's womb, God 
uses the word alaq in the Qur'an: 

Recite: In the name of your Lord Who created man from alaq. 

Recite: And your Lord is the Most Generous. 

(Surat al- Alaq: 1-3) 

The meaning of the word alaq in Arabic is "a thing that clings to some 

place". The word is literally used to describe leeches that cling to a body 
to suck blood. 

Certainly, the use of such an appropriate word for the embryo 
developing in the mother's womb, proves once again that the Qur'an is a 
revelation from God, the Lord of all the Worlds. 



The wrapping of muscles over the bones 

Another important aspect of the information given in the verses of the 
Qur'an is the developmental stages of a human being in the mother's 
womb. It is stated in the verses that in the mother's womb, the bones 
develop first, and then the muscles form which wrap around them: 

(We) then formed the drop into a clot and formed the clot into 

a lump and formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones 

in flesh; and then brought him into being as another creature. 

Blessed be God, the Best of Creators! 

(Surat al-Muminun: 14) 

Embryology is the branch of science that studies the development of 
the embryo in the mother's womb. Until very recently, embryologists 
assumed that the bones and muscles in an embryo developed at the same 
time. Yet, advanced microscopic research conducted by virtue of new 



113 



technological developments has revealed that the revelation of the Qur'an 
is word for word correct. 

These observations at the microscopic level showed that the 
development inside the mother's womb takes place in just the way it is 
described in the verses. First, the cartilage tissue of the embryo ossifies. 
Then muscular cells that are selected from amongst the tissue around the 
bones come together and wrap around the bones. 

This event is described in a scientific publication titled Developing 
Human in the following words: 

. . . [T]he shape of the skeleton determines the general appearance of the 
embryo in the bones stage during the 7th week; muscles do not develop 
at the same time but their development follows soon after. The muscles 
take their positions around the bones throughout the body and 
therefore Clothe the bones. Thus, the muscles take their well known 
forms and structures. . . The stage of clothing with muscle occurs during 
the 8th week... 70 

In short, man's developmental stages as described in the Qur'an are in 
perfect harmony with the findings of modern embryology. 

Three Dark Stages of the Baby in the Womb 

In the Qur'an, it is related that man is created in a three-stage process in 
the mother's womb: 

... He creates you stage by stage in your mothers 1 wombs in a 

threefold darkness. That is God, your Lord. Sovereignty is His. 

There is no god but Him. So what has made you deviate? 

(Surat az-Zumar: 6) 

The expression fee thulumatin ihalaihin, translated into English as "a 
threefold darkness/' indicates three dark regions involved during the 
development of the embryo. These are: 

a) The darkness of the abdomen 

b) The darkness of the womb 

c) The darkness of the placenta 

As we have seen, modern biology has revealed that the embryological 
development of the baby takes place in the manner revealed in the verse, 

114 



The Scientific Miracles of the 



in three dark regions. Moreover, advances in the science of embryology 
show that these regions consist of three layers each. 

The lateral abdominal wall comprises three layers: the external oblique, 
the internal oblique, and transverses abdominis muscles. 71 

Similarly, the wall of the womb also consists of three layers: the 
epimetrium, the myometrium and the endometrium. 72 

Similarly again, the placenta surrounding the embryo also consists of 
three layers: the amnion (the internal membrane around the fetus), the 
chorion (the middle amnion layer) and the decidua (outer amnion layer.) 73 

It is also pointed out in this verse that a human being is created in the 
mother's womb in three distinct stages. Indeed, modern biology has 
revealed that the baby's embryological development takes place in three 
distinct regions in the mother's womb. Today, in all the embryology 
textbooks studied in faculties of medicine, this subject is taken as an 
element of basic knowledge. For instance in Basic Human Embryology, a 
fundamental reference text in the field of embryology, this fact is stated as 
follows: "The life in the uterus has three stages: pre-embryonic; first two 
and a half weeks, embryonic; until the end of the eight week, and fetal; 
from the eight week to labor." 74 

These phases refer to the different developmental stages of a baby. In 
brief, the main characteristics of these developmental stages are as 
follows: 

- Pre-embryonic stage 

In this first phase, the zygote grows by division, and when it becomes 
a cell cluster, it buries itself in the wall of the uterus. While they continue 
growing, the cells organize themselves in three layers. 

- Embryonic Stage 

The second phase lasts for five and a half weeks, during which the 
baby is called an "embryo". In this stage, the basic organs and systems of 
the body start to appear from the cell layers. 

- Fetal stage 

From this stage on, the embryo is called a "fetus". This phase begins at 
the eighth week of gestation and lasts until the moment of birth. The 
distinctive characteristic of this stage is that the fetus looks just like a 
human being, with its face, hands and feet. Although it is only 3 cm. long 



115 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



initially, all of its organs have become apparent. This phase lasts for about 
30 weeks, and development continues until the week of delivery. 

Information on the development in the mother's womb became 
available only after observations with modern devices. Yet, just like many 
other scientific facts, these pieces of information are imparted in the 
verses of the Qur'an in a miraculous way. The fact that such detailed and 
accurate information was given in the Qur'an at a time when people had 
scarce information on medical matters is clear evidence that the Qur'an is 
the word of God. 



Mother's Milk 

We have instructed man concerning his parents. Bearing him caused 

his mother great debility and the period of his weaning was two 

years: "Give thanks to Me and to your parents. I am your final 

destination." (Surah Luqman: 14) 

Mother's milk is an unmatched mixture that is created by God as both an 
excellent food-source for the newborn baby, and a substance that increases 
its resistance to diseases. The balance of the nutriments in mother's milk is 
at ideal levels, and the milk is in the ideal form for the baby's as yet 
immature body. At the same time, mother's milk is also very rich in 
nutrients which accelerate the growth of brain cells and the development of 
the nervous system. 75 Even artificial baby food produced by today's 
technology cannot substitute for this miraculous source of nutrition. 

The list of advantages to the baby provided by mother's milk is being 
added to every day. Research has shown that babies fed mother's milk are 
particularly protected against infections concerning the respiratory and 
digestive systems. That is because the antibodies in mother's milk provide 
a direct defense against infection. Other anti-infection properties of 
mother's milk are that it provides a hospitable environment for "good" 
bacteria called "normal flora" and constitutes a barrier to harmful 
bacteria, viruses and parasites. Furthermore, it has also been established 
that there are factors in mother's milk which order the immune system 
against infectious diseases and allow it to function properly 76 

116 



The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an 



Since mother's milk has been specially designed it is the most easily 
digestible food for babies. Despite being nutritionally very rich, it is easily 
digested by the baby's sensitive digestive system. Since the baby thus 
expends less energy on digestion it is able to use that energy for other 
bodily functions, growth and organ development. 

The milk of mothers who have had premature babies contains higher 
levels of fat, protein, sodium, chloride and iron to meet the baby's needs. 
Indeed, it has been established that the functions of the eye develop better 
in premature babies fed on mother's milk, and that they perform better in 
intelligence tests, as well as a great many other advantages. 

Another new scientific discovery regarding mother's milk is that it is 
most beneficial to the baby for two years. 77 This important information 
discovered by science only recently was revealed to us by God in the verse 
"... his weaning was two years../' 1400 years ago. 

Conclusion 

All that we have seen so far shows us one clear fact: the Qur'an is such a 
book that all the news related in it has proved to be true. Facts about 
scientific subjects and the news given about the future, facts that no one 
could have known at the time, were announced in its verses. It is 
impossible for this information to have been known with the level of 
knowledge and technology of the day. It is clear that this provides clear 
evidence that the Qur'an is not the word of man. The Qur'an is the word of 
the Almighty God, the Originator of everything and the One Who 
encompasses everything with His knowledge. In one verse, God says on 
the Qur'an "If it had been from other than God, they would have found 
many inconsistencies in it." (Surat an-Nisa f : 82) Not only are there no 
inconsistencies in the Qur'an, but every piece of information it contains 
reveals the miracle of this Divine Book more and more each day. 

What falls to man is to hold fast to this Divine Book revealed by God, and 
receive it as his one and only guide. In one of the verses, God commands us: 

And this is a Book We have sent down and blessed, so follow 

it and have fear of God so that hopefully you will gain mercy. 

(Surat al-Anam: 155) 

117 







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SCIENTISTS OF FAITH 

No matter how obstinate materialists and atheists may be, a single 
truth remains evident: God created all forms of life and systems that make 
up the topics of science. Therefore, it is certain that science and religion 
are reconcilable, so long as they are practiced honestly and sensibly A 
mark of this apparent agreement is the "scientists of faith", of past and 
present, who have all made significant contributions to humanity 

A scientist, who practices science, makes new discoveries, and works to 
unravel the mysteries of the universe, is actually an individual 
investigating the artistry of God in-depth, trying to detect the details 
therein. That is why religion and science are an inseparable unit. A 
scientist is one who makes evident God's infinite power and the artistry 
and uniqueness in His creation. For this reason, scientists, contrary to 
popular belief, can perceive the existence and unity of God most 
immediately, as they are the ones immersed in the study of the objects of 
God's creation. 

Not surprisingly, there are a great number of scientists who have made 
important contributions to science by using the free-thought and broad- 
mindedness provided them through religion. These individuals not only 
demonstrated that science and religion are fully compatible, but also 
served science and humanity in the greatest way. Noted scientists such as 
Newton, Kepler, Leonardo da Vinci, and Einstein, who were the pioneers 
of science, believed, as a result of their observations and research, that the 
universe was created and ordered by God and is governed under His 
control. Moreover, it was men of faith who founded the principles upon 
which science is based, and thus, religion played a critical role in its 
advent. 

The outlook on the cosmos of Isaac Newton, considered the greatest 
scientist of all times, is implicit in these following words: 

This most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets could only 

120 






i 



Scientists of Faith 



proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and 
powerful Being. This Being governs all things... as Lord over all, and 
on account of His dominion. He is wont to be called Lord God, 
Universal Ruler. 78 

It is a known fact that Kepler's scientific achievements sprang from his 
religious faith. Arno Penzias, 1978 winner of the Nobel Prize in physics, 
and co-discoverer of cosmic background radiation, had this to say about 
Kepler: 

That really goes back to the triumph, not of Copernicus, but really the 
triumph of Kepler. That's because, after all, the notion of epicycles and 
so forth goes back to days when scientists were swapping opinions. All 
this went along until we had a true believer and this was Kepler. . . .He 
really believed in God the Lawgiver. ...And he said there's got to be 
something simpler and more powerful. Now he was lucky or maybe 
there was something deeper, but Kepler's faith was rewarded with his 
laws of nature. And so from that day on, it's been an awful struggle, but 
over long centuries, we find that very simple laws of nature actually do 
apply. And so that expectation is still with scientists. And it comes 
essentially from Kepler, and Kepler got it out of his belief... 79 

In this part of the book, we will cover the scientists of faith, from the 
past to the present, who founded and developed modern science, as well 
as their contributions to science. All the scientists included in this part 
believed that the cosmos and all forms of life were created by God. Francis 
Bacon's words portray the regard of a scientist of faith for all created 
beings: 

For as all works do shew forth the power and skill of the workman,... 
so it is of the works of God; which do shew the omnipotency and 
wisdom of the maker. 80 

In His verses, God states that one of the ways to acquire the ability to 
think about creation, to fear God, to recognize creation as due to Him, and 
to grasp His omnipotence and omniscience is "having knowledge": 

The metaphor of those who take protectors besides God is that of a 
spider which builds itself a house; but no house is flimsier than a 
spider's house, if they only knew. God knows what you call upon 
besides Himself. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise. Such metaphors - 
We devise them for mankind; but only those with knowledge 

121 



i 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



understand them. God created the heavens and the earth with truth. 

There is certainly a Sign in that for the believers. (Surat al- f Ankabut: 

41-44) 

Among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and the 

variety of your languages and colors. There are certainly Signs in that 

for those who know. (Surat ar-Rum: 22) 

God bears witness that there is no deity but Him, as do the angels 

and the people of knowledge, upholding justice. There is no deity 

but Him, the Almighty, the All-Wise. (Surat Al Tmran: 18) 

But those of them who are firmly rooted in knowledge, and the 
believers, believe in what has been sent down to you and what was 
sent down before you: those who keep up prayer (salat) and pay the 
welfare tax (zakat), and believe in God and the Last Day - We will 
pay such people an immense wage. (Surat an-Nisa f : 162) 







122 



r 



Scientists of Faith 



SCIENTISTS OF FAITH 
WHO LIVED IN THE PAST 

^RogcJi <Bacon (1220-1292) 

"The grace of faith illuminates greatly." 81 

Called Doctor Mirabiles (Wonderful Doctor) by his contemporaries, 
Roger Bacon was a British scientist and theologian who laid great 
emphasis on the experimental method, and put an end to many archaic 
customs practiced in the science of his time. Bacon foresaw a number of 
technological breakthroughs that were to come hundreds of years later, 
which were hard to even fathom at the time. Steamboats, trains, cars, 
planes, cranes, and suspension bridges are only some of the innovations 
he anticipated in the 13th century. 

In a letter to a friend, Bacon wrote: 

First, by the figurations of art there be made instruments of navigation 
without men to row them, as great ships to brooke the sea, only with 
one man to steer them, and they shall sail far more swiftly than if they 
were full of men; also chariots that shall move with unspeakable force 
without any living creature to stir them. 82 

Believing that light was created by God to enable man to see, Bacon 
conducted observations in this field. He defined the magnifying 
characteristic of optic lenses and their places of usage. He was the first to 
note that the light emitted by stars does not reach the Earth 






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Bacon, who, back in the 13th century, anticipated numerous 
technological innovations, said "Then this science as regards the 
commonwealth of believers is useful, as we saw in its special 
knowledge of the future, present, and past." 



123 




THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



simultaneously. Finally, Bacon maintained that the Earth was not flat but 
round, some 200 years prior to Christopher Columbus, and that India 
could be reached by sailing west from Europe. 

Believing that the conclusions he arrived at in his observations were 
useful to men of faith, Bacon said: 

Then this science as regards the commonwealth of believers is useful, 
as we saw in its special knowledge of the future, present, and past. 83 

Bacon, as a scientist, argued that science did not conflict with religion, 
but rather could serve as an important tool to help convince unbelievers. 
He stated that "this science is of the greatest advantage in persuading 
men to accept the faith." 84 




9T/iancis <Bacon (1561-1626) 

Bacon, reputed scientist, and one of the 

founders of the scientific method, is 

known to have been a devout believer 

in God. He stated in Novum Organum 

that natural philosophy (science) is 

"after the word of God, the 

surest remedy against 

superstition, and the most 

approved support of faith." 85 



?\a(Liho Qatifoi 
1564-1642) 

Galileo Galilei is the first 
person to have used the 
telescope to observe the sky. 
Galileo maintained that the 
Earth is round, and was the 
first to detect the dark 
regions, craters, and hills of 



5 



124 



Scientists of Faith 




Galileo Galilei 



the Moon. Galileo, famous for his immense 

contribution to science, believed that the 

senses, the ability to talk and intelligence, 

were granted to people by God, and that 

they ought to be exercised in the best way 

possible. He maintained that it was all 

too obvious that Nature was 

designed by God. He said that 

nature was simply another book 

written by God, and contended 

that the truths of science and the 

truths of faith cannot impugn one 

another since God is the author of 

all truth. 86 



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The inside cover of 
Galileo's Dialogue 
Concerning the Two Chief 
World Systems, which he 
completed in 1629. 



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Scientists of Faith 




Johannes SKepGeJt (1571-1630) 



Since we astronomers are priests of the highest God in regard to the 
book of nature, it befits us to be thoughtful, not of the glory of our 
minds, but rather, above all else, of the glory of God. 87 

Kepler, the founder of modern astronomy, discovered the elliptical 
movement of the planets, established a formula for relating a planet's 
orbital period to its mean distance from the sun, and completed 
astronomical tables that allow calculations of planetary positions for any 
time in the past or future. 

As a scientist, Kepler also believed that the universe was created by a 
Creator. When he was asked why he practiced science, he said "I had the 
intention of becoming a theologian... but now I see how God is, by my 
endeavors, also glorified in astronomy, for 'heavens declare the glory of 
God'". 88 

The life of Kepler, who believed that God's glory was manifested in 
everything He created, is an example to how successful and broad- 
thinking a scientist who admits that there is a 
divine purpose in nature can be. "Who gave 
white bears and white wolves to the snowy 
regions of the North, and a food for the 
bears the whale, and for the wolves, 
birds' eggs?" asked Kepler and then 
replied: "Great is our Lord and great His 
virtue and of his wisdom there is no 
number: praise Him, ye heavens, 
praise Him, ye sun, moon, and 
planets, use every sense for 
perceiving, every tongue for 
declaring your Creator. Praise 
Him, ye celestial Harmonies, 
praise Him, ye judges of the 
Harmonies uncovered: and 
thou my soul, praise the Lord 
thy Creator, as long as I shall 




i 



127 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



be: for out of Him and through Him and in Him are all 
things, both the sensible and the intelligible; for both 
whose whereof we are utterly ignorant and those 
which we know are the least part of them; because 
there is still more beyond. To him be praise, honor, and 
glory, world without end." 89 

Johannes ^aptista i/on ^ePmont 
(1579-1644) 

Founder of pneumatic chemistry and chemical 
physiology, Helmont invented the thermometer and 
barometer. Walter Pagels, who wrote a book on the 
religious aspects of van Helmont's science, stated that 
he drew inspiration from his religious beliefs in his 
researches. 90 









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■ 








1 ! 
i 






I 



^BCoisc <PascaC (1623-1662) 



Contributing to the greatest innovation in geometry 

since the time of the Ancient 

Greeks, Pascal was 
distinguished scientist, who made significant 
discoveries from early on in his life. Besides 
his contribution to mathematics, Pascal was 
also responsible for monumental 
discoveries in physics. He made a number 
of studies in atmospheric and fluid 



Many scientists noted for their 
discoveries were also known for their 
faith in God. Helmont, who invented 
the thermometer and barometer, and 
Pascal, right, were two such 
scientists. 




Blaise Pascal 
VRHHET 



128 



Scientists of Faith 

mechanics, and proved that atmospheric pressure varies according to 
altitude. 

An eminent figure in the history of science, Pascal was also a deeply 
spiritual man. He referred to the eternal power of God when he said that 
God is the Creator of everything from mathematics to the order of the 
elements. 91 



^ofcn^oy (1627-1705) 




Reputed British botanist, John Ray, was a 
man of faith. He felt that if man were placed 
on earth to mirror back to God the glory of all 
His works, then he ought to take notice of 
every created thing. In his early years, spurred 
on by this outlook, Ray engaged himself in scientific research. 
He was the great authority of his day in both botany and 
zoology. He wrote a well-received book, The Wisdom of God in Creation. In 
this book, in which Ray introduced thousands of plants, insect, bird, fish 
species, and the like, he reported that nature reveals the existence of a 
Creator. God's works of creation, he said, were "the works created by God 
at first, and by Him conserved to this day in the same state and condition 
in which they were first made." 92 Ray, who made a 
considerable contribution to botany, always stressed 
that science and religion intersect in many ways. 
His attitude is best understood by his words: 
"There is for a free man no 
occupation more worth 
and delightful than to 
contemplate the 
beauteous works of 
nature and 

honor the 

infinite wisdom 
and goodness 
God." 93 




i 




129 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



<£obent <BoyCe (1627-1691) 

Regarded as the father of modern chemistry, Boyle made a number of 
revolutionary scientific discoveries. He established the relationship 
between changes in the pressure applied to air and the volume air 
occupies, which became known today as "Boyle's law of gasses". His other 
inventions included a kind of litmus paper and a primitive refrigerator. 
He demonstrated that water expanded when it froze. The modern 
definition of "element" was given by him, and he contributed to the 
theory of atomism, arguing that if air is compressible there must be void 
between its particles. 

While responsible for such great scientific discoveries, Boyle was a 
devout believer in God. He believed there to be an intelligent design in 
nature, which was created by an all-powerful Creator. Boyle taught in his 
lectures and writings that science and belief in God should stand side by 
side. In a lecture, he was to have said: "Remember to give glory to the one 
who authored nature... Use knowledge to bring good to mankind." 94 

Elsewhere, he commented that the 
perfection in living things explicitly 
reveals God's existence: 

The excellent contrivance of that 

great system of the world, and 

especially the curious fabric 

of the bodies of animals and 

the uses of their sensories 

and other parts, have been 

made the great motives 

that in all ages and 

nations induced 

philosophers to 

acknowledge a Deity 

as the author of these 

admirable structures. 95 



Robert Boyle 







p 



130 



r 



Scientists of Faith 




u4ntonic von S£ecuwcnnocfc (16S2-172S) 

It was Leeuwenhoek who discovered bacteria. 
Leeuwenhoek learned to grind his own 
magnifying lenses to examine cloth. Intrigued 
by what he saw, he began producing other 
magnifiers - and became the first man to see 
and describe bacteria through a microscope. 

His goal to refute the idea of 
spontaneous generation without a 
Creator led him to conduct important 
scientific studies. To this purpose, he 
studied the nutrient systems of plants and 
animals, he examined spermatozoa, the Antonie von Leeuwenhoek 
transportation of nutrients in plants, and the 
structure and function of various parts of 
plants. Blood cells also became subjects of his 
investigations. He was the 
first to study capillaries 
and actually see blood 
cells passing through 






them. Before 

Leeuwenhoek, 

-* no one 

understood 

that muscles 





were made 



of fibers. 



131 



THE QUR'AN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



£saac oWeu/ton (1642-1727) 

Considered the greatest scientist who ever lived, Newton was both a 
mathematician and a physicist. His greatest contribution to science was 
his discovery of the law of universal gravitation. He added the concept of 
mass to the relation between force and acceleration; introduced the law of 
action and reaction, and put forward the thesis that a moving object will 
continue moving in straight line at a constant speed unless acted on by a 
force. Newton's laws of motion remained applicable for four centuries, 
from simplest engineering calculations to the most complex technological 
projects. Newton's contributions were not limited to gravity, but also 
extended to the fields of mechanics and optics. Discovering the seven 
colors of light, Newton thus laid the ground for a new discipline, namely 
optics. 

In addition to his groundbreaking discoveries, Newton wrote critical 
essays refuting atheism and defending Creation. He supported the idea 
that "creation is the only scientific explanation". Newton believed that the 
mechanic universe, a gigantic clock working non-stop, in his analogy, 
could only be the work of an all-powerful and all-wise Creator. 

Behind Newton's discoveries, which changed the course of the world, 

was his desire to come closer to God. Newton 

investigated the objects of God's creation to 

know Him better. To this end, he devoted 



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132 



Scientists of Faith 



himself to studies with great 
energy. Newton communicated 
the reason underlying his zeal 
for scientific endeavor with 
the following words, in 
his famous work 
Principia Mathematica: 

...He (God) is eternal and 

infinite, omnipotent and 

omniscient; that is, his duration 

reaches from eternity to eternity; his 

presence from infinity to infinity; he 

governs all things, and 

knows all things that are 

or can be done. He is 

...eternal and infinite; 

...he endures and is 

present. He endures 

forever, and is 

everywhere present; and, 

by existing always and 

everywhere, he 

constitutes duration and 

space... We know him 

only by his most wise and 

excellent contrivances of 

things... [W]e reverence 

and adore him as his 

servants... 97 



Isaac Newton's drawing 
showing the passage of 
light from a small opening 
through a lens, and then 
through two prisms 
that separate light 
into colors. 




The above picture shows Newton separating light into a spectrum of 
colors with the use of a prism. 



133 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



^ohn grCowsteed (1646-1719) 

He was the founder of the famous 
Greenwich observatory and the first 
astronomer royal of England. Flamsteed, 
who, after innumerable observations, 
produced the first great star map of the 
telescopic age, was also a devout clergyman. 




John Flamsteed 



^odn qjUoodwo/id (1665-1728) 



Woodward was one of the great founding fathers of the science of 
geology. One of Woodward's valuable contributions was the 
establishment of an important paleontological museum at Cambridge, 
and the geology branch there. 



Ca/ioCus Linnaeus (1707-1778) 

Linnaeus, a scientist of great piety, conducted very important studies in 
botany. He proved that plants reproduce sexually, and introduced to 
science the notion of "biological taxonomy". 



i 



>anq)cCuc (1727-1817) 



Deluc was a Swiss physicist who coined the term "geology". He and his 
father developed the modern mercury thermometer and the hygrometer. 
He is known for his belief in creation, and for his challenge to the idea that 
the universe and life came about by coincidence. 



Si/t qA/ittiani Sfefe/tscfceC (1728-1822) 

Herschel was one of the most accomplished astronomers of the 18th 
century. Herschel, who constructed the most advanced reflecting 



134 



Scientists of Faith 

telescopes of his day, and cataloged and studied the 
nebulae and galaxies as never before, was a 
scientist of faith. It was Herschel who said "The 
undevout astronomer must be mad", remarking 
that it is astounding that a scientist studying 
astronomy, and bearing witness to the perfect 
order in the universe, could not believe 
in God. 98 



(1743-1805) 




William Paley 



Paley was a scientist who believed in 
creation. His work Natural Theology was one of the best-selling books of 
his time. Paley felt that "if works of art are products of man, then living 
things must be the product of a being far superior to man". According to 
Paley, the fact that all living things are equipped with all kinds of features 
they need to survive in their habitat is a "mark of contrivance, in proof of 
design, and of a designing Creator." 99 




135 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




George Cuvier 



geo/tge Cuvie/i (1769-1832) 

Cuvier was one of the greatest anatomists and 
paleontologists. He is considered to be the founder 
of the science of comparative anatomy, and one of 
the chief architects of paleontology as a separate 
scientific discipline. He was a firm creationist, 
even participating in important 

creation /evolution debates. 100 



(1778-1829) 

Known as a man of faith, Davy was one 
of the great chemists of his day, and the 
man under whom Faraday served as 
apprentice. He was the first to isolate 
many important chemical elements, 
to develop the motion theory of heat, 
to invent the safety lamp, and to 
demonstrate that diamonds are 
carbon, along with many other 
pivotal contributions. 




Humphrey Davy 




Adam Sedgwick 



Maw Sectgwicfe (1785-1872) 

One of England's leading 19th century geologists, 
Sedgwick, is especially famous for identifying and 
naming the major rock systems known as Cambrian 
and Devonian. He was also a clergyman, and although 
he was a friend of Charles Darwin, he always 
opposed his evolutionary ideas. 101 



<i K .^C 






136 



r 



Scientists of Faith 



<JAfc(iaeC 9Fajtac(ay 
(1791-1867) 



Universally acknowledged as one of the 
greatest physicists of all time, Faraday was 
especially gifted with developing the new 
sciences of electricity and magnetism. He also 
made key contributions in the field of 
chemistry 

Faraday was a scientist who believed in 
the existence of a Creator, and that science 
and religion are in harmony Because one 

God created the world, he believed, all of nature must be interconnected 
as a single whole. Based on this idea, he concluded that electricity and 
magnetism must be interlinked. 102 



SawueC uWo/ise (1791-1872) 

Morse was a remarkable scientist known for his invention of the 
telegraph. He also built the first camera in America. 

Morse believed in the existence of a Creator who created everything for 

a certain cause. He felt that the material world and the spiritual 

world work in harmony. Just four years before he died, 

Morse wrote: "The nearer I 

approach to the end of my 

pilgrimage, the grandeur and 

sublimity of God's remedy 

for fallen man are more 

appreciated and the 

future is illumined 





with hope and 

joy" 103 




137 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

^osepf. Sfefen/uj (1797-1878) 

The great American physicist and devout scientist, Joseph Henry, was 
a professor at Princeton University. Henry, who invented the 
electromagnetic motor and the galvanometer, had made it a regular habit 
to stop to worship God, and then to pray for divine guidance, at every 
important juncture of an experiment, in all his experimentation. 104 



S£ouis u4gassia (1807-1873) 



Agassiz, widely recognized as the greatest 
American biologist, was an inveterate opponent 
of evolutionism. 

Agassiz saw the divine plan of God 
everywhere in nature, and could not reconcile 
himself to a theory that did not acknowledge 
design. As he wrote, in his Essay on 
Classification: 

The combination in time and space of all these 

thoughtful conceptions exhibits not only thought, it shows also 
premeditation, power, wisdom, greatness, prescience, omniscience, 
providence. In one word, all these facts in their natural connection 
proclaim aloud the One God, whom man may know, adore, and love. 105 




* 




^awes ^P/tescott ^ouCe (1818-1889) 

Besides his discovery of the first law of 

thermodynamics, Joule also showed how to calculate 

the heat produced by an electric current moving 

through a wire, and was the first to calculate the 

velocity of a gas molecule. His greatest discovery was 

the value of the constant known as the "mechanical 

equivalent of heat". This discovery led to the 

formulation of the law of conservation of energy, the 

most basic and universal of all scientific laws. 



138 




Scientists of Faith 



Joule, as the discoverer of these important scientific laws, was a 
scientist who believed that he could come closer to God as he came to 
know the laws of nature. His belief urged him to proceed with further 
investigations. He was one of the 717 scientists who signed a manifesto 
against Darwin in 1864. He expressed his beliefs about science in these 
terms: 

After the knowledge of, and obedience to, the will of God, the next aim 
must be to know something of His attributes of wisdom, power and 
goodness as evidenced by his handiwork. It is evident that an 
acquaintance with natural laws means no less than an 
acquaintanceship with the mind of God therein expressed. 106 



gco/ige Qabmd Stokes (1819-1903) 

George Stokes was a great British physicist and mathematician, who 
made major contributions in a number of fields. He expanded the 
knowledge of gravitational discrepancies, astrophysics, chemistry, sonic 
problems, and heat. He showed that unlike glass, quartz is transparent to 
ultraviolet radiation. With Lord Kelvin, he was one of the first to 
appreciate the electro-thermodynamic explorations of James Joule. Stokes 
showed that X-rays were also part of Maxwell's electromagnetic 
spectrum. For a time, Stokes was president of the Victoria Institute of 
London, and an active member of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 

He was a scientist who investigated nature with a belief in the Creator, 
and he wrote specifically emphasizing his belief in God. In one of his 
works, he said that "the laws of nature are carried out in accordance with 
his will, he who willed them may will their suspension" 107 

^udoCpfi ^iJicfcow (1821-1902) 

Virchow's main scientific contributions were in the field of medicine. 

He is considered the father of modern pathology and of the study of 

cellular diseases. He was the first to describe leukemia, and was active in 

anthropological and archeological research. Virchow was one of the most 

^Z^1H1K7 ■ ' "1 i 1IHIEflr hMIHRKVI 

139 



i 




THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



renowned scientists to strongly oppose the evolutionary teachings of 
Darwin and Haeckel. He also entered actively into politics and fought 
vigorously against allowing evolutionist teaching in the schools of 
Germany 108 



gjicgojiy <Mendd (1822-1884) 

With his discovery of the three laws of 
genetics, Mendel went down in history as 
the person who founded the principles of 
inheritance. Mendel's principles of 
inheritance have turned out to be the 
most compelling proofs exposing the 
fallacy of the theory of evolution. 

Having refuted the theory of evolution 

with his discovery of the principles of 

inheritance, Mendel further believed that 

God had created the world, and that blind 

chance could not be responsible for the 

outcome. 109 



Gregory Mendel 




Gregory Mendel derived 
the laws of inheritance 
from his experiments on 
garden peas. Mendel, 
also a monk, put Darwin's 
theory of evolution into a 
quandary with his 
discovery. 




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140 



' 



Scientists of Faith 







S£ouis ^Pasteu/i (1822-1895) 



Pasteur is one of the greatest figures in the history of science and 
medicine, chiefly because of his establishment of the germ theory of 
disease, and his strong opposition to the theory of evolution. He was the 
first to explain the organic basis and 

control of fermentation, and as his u,s " a steur 

research led him further and further 
into bacteriology, he isolated a 
number of disease-producing 
organisms, and developed 
vaccines to combat them - notably 
the dreaded diseases of rabies, 
diphtheria, anthrax, and others - 
as well as the processes of 
pasteurization and sterilization. 

Pasteur, who was a firm 
believer in God, was the object of 
fierce opposition because of his 

resistance to Darwin's theory of evolution. He was a defender of the 
compatibility of science and religion, which he would often emphasize in 
his writings. As he put it: 

The more I know, the more does my faith approach that of the Breton 
peasant (i.e., the faith which is serene, complete, unquestioning) 110 

Little science takes you away from God but more of it takes you to 
Him. 111 




i 



<\H)i9ftiam SThowpson (go/tct <EKefc/in) (1824-1907) 

Lord Kelvin is recognized as the leading physicist of his time, and is 
also known for his strong faith in God. He is held in high regard in the 
scientific community for his contributions to physics and mathematics, as 
well as his practical inventions. He developed a successful method to 
liquefy hydrogen and helium. He established the scale of absolute 



141 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




temperatures, so that such temperatures are today 

measured as so many "degrees Kelvin". He established 

thermodynamics as a formal scientific discipline, and 

formulated its first and second laws in precise 

terminology 

He openly espoused his faith in God in his 
works. He said: 

Do not be afraid to be free thinkers. If you think 
strongly enough, you will be forced by science 
to the belief in God. 112 



William Thompson 



With regard to the origin of life, science... 
positively affirms creative power. 113 



J. <f Thomson (1856-1940) 

In 1897, J. J. Thomson discovered the electron. He was a professor of 
physics at Cambridge University. Thomson, who was a devoutly religious 
man, made this statement in Nature, drawing attention to the fact that the 
conclusions reached by science point to the existence of God: 

In the distance tower still higher [scientific] peaks which will yield to 
those who ascend them still wider prospects and deepen the feeling 
whose truth is emphasized by every advance in science, that great are 
the works of the Lord. 114 



5 



Sift CWWiatn juggins (1824-1910) 

Huggins was well known both as a scientist of faith and as a brilliant 
astronomer. He was the first to demonstrate that stars were comprised 
mostly of hydrogen, along with smaller amounts of the same elements 
existing on Earth. He was also the first to identify the Doppler effect (that 
the light of stars shift from red to blue as they move away from each 
other) in astronomy, which led to the idea of the expanding universe. 



V.^C 



142 



c i e n t 



of Faith 



I 



■.. m 








L J^^Bh' 













According to the Doppler 
effect, the spectrum of 
light waves change in 
direct proportion to a 
galaxy's distance to the 
Earth. This picture shows 
this change. Sir Huggins, 
who was the first to 
identify the Doppler 
effect, was a scientist 
who believed in God. 



Joseph CCe/tfe Mawdl (1831 - 1879 ) 

Maxwell lived a short, but uniquely productive life. Recognized as the 
father of modern physics, Maxwell demonstrated the unity of light and 
electricity, bringing light, electricity, and magnetism together under one 
set of equations. Einstein relied on Maxwell's equations to formulate the 
theory of relativity. 

Albert Einstein called Maxwell's achievement "the most profound and 
most fruitful that physics has experienced since 
the time of Newton." He was strongly 
opposed to evolution, and was able to 
develop a thorough mathematical 
refutation of the famous "nebular 
hypothesis" of the French atheist LaPlace. 
He also wrote an incisive refutation of the 
evolutionary philosophies of Herbert 
Spencer, the great advocate of Darwinism. 
In a letter he mused that the scientist of 
faith has an obligation to conduct such 
Joseph Clerk Maxwell work as will benefit religion. 115 




i 



JohnStautt (1842-1919) 

John Strutt pursued studies on the motions of electromagnetic waves, 



143 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

making noteworthy contributions in optics, sonics, and gas dynamics. He 
was the co-discoverer of argon and the rare gases. He was also well 
known as a devout believer. As a prefix to his published papers he wrote: 
"The works of the Lord are great". 116 




Qeoftqe ^Washington Cam* 
(1865-1943) 



Agriculture became a very important 

discipline beginning from the turn of the 19th 

century. Carver was a noted agricultural 

researcher who made a number of critical 

discoveries. 

Carver was known for his belief in God, 
to which he almost always referred to in 
his speeches and interviews. As he told a 
reporter for the Atlanta Journal who 
questioned him about the permanency of 
the clay paints he had developed: "All I do is prepare what God has made, 
for uses to which man can put it. It is God's work-not mine." 117 



George Washington Carver 



Si/t ^ames >ans (1877-1946) 

Prominent physicist Sir James Jeans believed that the universe was 
created by a Creator of infinite Wisdom. Some of the statements in which 
he elaborated his views are: 

We discover that the Universe shows evidence of a designing or 
controlling Power that has something in common with our own 
minds. 118 

A scientific study of the universe has suggested a conclusion which 
may be summed up . . In the statement that the universe appears to 
have been designed by a pure mathematician. 119 



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144 



Scientists of Faith 
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u4CbeJit fiinstein 
(1879-1955) 

Albert Einstein, who is 
one of the most important 
scientists of the last 
century, was also known 
for his faith in God. He 
did not hesitate to defend 
that science could not 
exist without religion. As 
he put it: 

I cannot conceive of a 
genuine scientist 

without that profound 
faith. The situation may 
be expressed by an 
image: science without 
religion is lame. 120 

Einstein was convinced 
that the universe was too 
perfectly designed to 
have come into being by 
chance, and that it was 
created by a Creator with 
Superior Wisdom. 



Albert Einstein was 
one of the greatest 
scientists in history. 
Einstein is also 
known for his faith in 
God as well as his 
important 
discoveries. 



i 



145 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




Lemaitre, 
seen with 
Einstein, was 
a religious 
scientist who 
propounded 
the Big Bang 
theory that 
points to the 
creation of 
the universe. 




For Einstein, 
who often 

referred to his 
belief in God in 
his writings, 
wonder at the 
natural order in 
the universe was 

very important. In one of his writings he 
mentioned, "In every true searcher of 
Nature there is a kind of religious 
reverence". 121 Elsewhere, he wrote: 

Everyone who is seriously involved 
in the pursuit of science becomes 
convinced that a spirit is manifest in 
the laws of the Universe - a spirit 
vastly superior to that of man... In 
this way the pursuit of science leads 
to a religious feeling of a special sort... 122 



George Lemaitre 



geo/tges ££emait/te (1894-1966) 

Georges Lemaitre propounded the Big Bang theory that points to the 
creation of the universe. He thought that the universe has a distinct 



V.^C 



146 



Scientists of Faith 



beginning, will have an end, and that the recognition of this fact plays a 
critical role in helping many people to believe in God. Lemaitre, who was 
also a priest, believed that science and religion would lead to the same 
truth. 123 



Sift MisUn Acutely (1896-1985) 

Hardy was the founder of modern ocean science. The Templeton 
Foundation, which each year recognizes a scientist for his or her 
contribution to progress in religion, honored Sir Alister Hardy in 1985, for 
empirical studies that for the first time scientifically investigated religious 
experiences. 




147 



THE QUR'AN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



<=WeJinfieft von 32/iaun (1912-1977) 




Wernher von Braun was one of the 

world's top scientists. He was a 

leading German rocket engineer, and 

developed the famed V-2 rocket 

during World War II. 

Dr. Braun, a former director of 
NASA, was also a scientist with 
a strong faith. In the foreword 
to an anthology on creation 
and design in nature, he 
offered this testimony: 

Manned space flight is an 

amazing achievement, but 

it has opened for 

mankind thus far only a 



! 



Wernher von Braun (arm bandaged) was a leading German 
rocket engineer. He developed the V-2 rocket in World War II 
seen in the picture above. Dr. Braun was one of the leading 
scientists of his day. 



I EH 



148 



Scientists of Faith 




Dr. Braun, a firm believer, is seen here with 
the former US President John F. Kennedy. 
Dr. Braun said he found it difficult to 
understand that a scientist could not 
acknowledge the presence of God. 



tiny door for viewing the awesome reaches of space. An outlook 
through this peephole at the vast mysteries of the universe should only 
confirm our belief in the certainty of its Creator. I find it as difficult to 
understand a scientist who does not acknowledge the presence of a 
superior rationality behind the existence of the universe as it is to 
comprehend a theologian who would deny the advances of science. 124 

In May of 1974, Wernher von Braun, in a published article, stated: 

One cannot be exposed to the law and order of the universe without 
concluding that there must be design and purpose behind it all... The 
better we understand the intricacies of the universe and all it harbors, 
the more reason we have found to marvel at the inherent design upon 
which it is based... To be forced to believe only one conclusion - that 
everything in the universe happened by chance - would violate the 
very objectivity of science itself... What random process could produce 
the brains of a man or the system of the human eye?... 125 



149 




THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



jUaK<Ptoiiefe (1858-1947) 

Reputed German physicist, Max Planck, discovered a physical constant 

known by his name. A physics professor at the University of Berlin in the 

1900s, Planck maintained that the form of radiation could be 

likened to the image formed by a raindrop on a 

windowpane, rather than water constantly flowing 

in a river. Until Planck, scientists used to think that 

light followed a wave motion. Planck, who 

discovered that each light particle is an energy 

pack, referred to each pack a "photon". The concept 

of photon marked a turning point in the history of 

physics. Light not only traveled through the air in 

the form of waves like sound, but also moved as 

particles. 

Responsible for these groundbreaking discoveries, Planck believed in 

an "all-powerful intelligence which governs the universe." 126 Max Planck 

said that the Creator of the order in the universe is God and elaborated on 

his belief in God with these words: 

Anybody who has been seriously engaged in scientific work of any 
kind realizes that over the entrance to the gates of the temple of science 
are written the words: Ye must have faith. It is a quality which the 
scientist cannot dispense with. 127 




Max Planck 






i 



Chafes CouGson (1910-1974) 

Coulson, for many years a professor of mathematics at Oxford 
University, often mentioned his faith in God, his wish to get closer to God, 
his pleadings to God, and his belief that the purpose of his life was to get 
closer to God. 128 



CM 



150 




I 



Scientists of Faith 



OTHER SCIENTISTS OF FAITH 

FROM THE PAST 

Every one of these scientists, whose names are listed in this section, 
who have made significant contributions to science, believed in Creation. 
These scientists are a clear example that believing in Creation does not 
conflict with science, and that, on the contrary, religion actually 
encourages science. 



I 



Art, Engineering, Architecture 
Mineralogy 



^oAny Wl/Am& (1614-7 <6j2) 
Astronomy and mechanics 






Walter GAar/eton (l6(()-J707) 

President of Royal College of 
Physicians 

3&aao ^Barroi^ fl6S0- 1&77J 
Professor of Mathematics 

Jfico/a&y Stenfr fl6Sl- 1(7&6) 
Stratigraphy 



Geology 



Snerew^ MatAe^ fl6SJ)- J 723) 
Astronomy 

J/y^mlaA &reich fl64l- ///i^ 
Medicine 

W(//iams WAmton (J&&7-1762J 
Physics, Geology 

^oA/iy ^2ctcAm&oriy ( /#/ 7 4- 1737) 
Paleontology 




Physics, Meteorology 

tfucAard 9uramri (l7<33- 1<S?2) 
Mineralogy 

gimot/u/; Q)axgAt f?762- 1&?7) 
Educator 

^arne^ (EarAm&ofty fl7<56- f$24) 
Medicine 

Wil/lams 9uAy (1769-1&60) 

Entomology (the study of 
insects) 

^enfamm/ Q^arto/ty fl7&(7-l<S76) 
Botany, zoology 

JoAi^ Q)ak(ms (17&&-1&44J 

The founder of the modern 
atomic theory 

&Aar/e& $e/l (1774-1 842) 
Anatomy 

^oAny 9uc/d (l 776-1 &6l) 

Chemistry 

^oAarwy (jarl ^riedricA &au&& 
(1777-1&66J 

Geometry, Geology, Magnetism, 
Astronomy 



9j 






i 



151 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




e^ammy <Si/limwv (l7Z9~ ^864) 
Mineralogy 



i 



i 



<£eter Mark ^x^et (177J- 180) 
Physiology 

WMiams (fiucAlcmd (1784-J.&66) 
Geology 

Wi//iams ^aut (if 86- i860) 
Chemistry 

(ScTward ^IkcAaxA (l&S- 1864) 
Geology 

WMkwv WAem^S (17J4-1866) 
Astronomy and Physics 

(TLcAard 6ko€w (l804- 18^2) 
Zoology, Paleontology 

MattAeur Mamy (l806-l873) 
Oceanography, Hydrography 

5E?/?/y 6%^as> (1808-18616) 
Geology 

] (famm ^la^Aer (l80p- 1J0S) 
Meteorology 

^4^ 96. &(k^ (1810-1888) 

Ornithology (the study of birds), 
Zoolog) 



Jlr 96nr^ ^accdm&o^y (l8l0- 18$6) 
Archaeology 

((vAri/ jtmAra^& SFlemm^s (l84ty- 
1946) 

Electronics 

Jlr^a^A 9&my ^W (1817- 

19°( 

Agricultural chemistry 

97iomu& Aridemofts (I8IJJL-. 1874) 
Chemistry 

6Aai7e& &. JmytA (l8lj- l^OO) 
Astronomy 

((oAns W. QtawuM/ (l820-l$39) 
Geology 

96wv &a6re> ft 823- 1J16) 
Entomology 



*ard ^Jema/iK; (If 82 6- 1866) 
Geometry 

(fa^(^ter~ (I827- (912) 
Surgery 




L - 



i 



William Ramsay 




John Ambrose Fleming 



152 



Scientists of Faith 



I 



\^o9i^ $e/l (&ttlyrei^ ^S4-fJ0^J 
Anatomy, Physiology 

6%W JteuHu^t (i&2$- f8$7) 
Ionospheric electricity 



i 






Physics, Mathematics 

(SchiKird Wi/tiam Mor/ey f/&5<9- 
$23) 

Nobel Laureate in physics 

J^ Wil/iams A6ney fl<$43-0W) 
Astronomy 

AJe&xmder- Jf/LzoAA&ter- ff<S44- 

(9(9) 

Anatomy 

A. % Jcu/x& (1&46- i<)33j 
Archaeology 

Geology 

feo/y& ffioman£& fl<S4<S-l<S()4j 
Biology and Physiology 




Wl//lamy AtitcAe/l tflam&ay fl&61- 

(949) 

Archaeology 



Chemistry 
9&ward A. 9uJ/^ (?<S6<S-(()43j 
Gynecology 

gW^> Q)eww- (1&76-1967J 

Ornithology 
^hal^ww^ (1&7&- ($40) 

Geology 

Organic chemistry 

A. tftenc^^Aort? fl<S<S6-(()66j 
Medicine 

jfi Mmwvs Q)cmie& ^f^O-Zjfo) 
Geology, Paleontology 

19Z9J 

Medicine 



t 






1 




153 



r 
i 



THE QUR'AN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



MODERN SCIENTISTS OF FAITH 

Great strides were made in science in the 20th century, and many 
discoveries, which had remained unknown for years, were unfurled. The 
progress science has made has demonstrated one fact clearly: The fact of 
creation. 

Each scientific discovery points to a perfect design, order, and plan, in 
every part of nature, living or non-living. Themselves testifying to this 
truth, many scientists have seen that the design of the entire universe is 
the work of a superior Wisdom, and have gone on to defend the fact of 
creation, recognizing that everything has been created by the Almighty 
God. 

Today, there are many respected academic organizations in the West, 
particularly in the USA, which have been established by believing 
scientists. These institutions work to make clear that scientific evidence 
confirms the perfect design of the universe. 

Some of the scientists of faith of today, who are recognized for their 
scientific achievements, are as follows: 



* 



Dr. Fritz Schaefer is the Graham Perdue Professor of Chemistry, and the 
director of the Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry, at the 
University of Georgia. He has been nominated for the Nobel Prize, and 
was recently cited as the third most quoted chemist in the world. Schaefer, 
a believing scientist, aspires to better know God through his scientific 
pursuits. As he puts it: 

The significance and joy in my science comes in the occasional 
moments of discovering something new and saying to myself, 'So that's 
how God did it!' 129 






v^saac ^Bastai/is 2inge/i 



One of the most noted physicists of our day, Singer, rejects the theory of 
evolution and believes in God. At a conference, he criticized the theory of 



154 



Scientists 









evolution with an interesting 
story: "Scientists discovered a 
deserted island. The scientists 
who stepped on the island were 
very impressed by what they saw 
there. They were fascinated by the 
jungles and wild animals. They 
climbed steep hills and examined 
their surroundings. They could 
not find the smallest sign of 
civilization in the island. Just 
when they were returning to their 
ship, they found a brand new 
watch on the beach. It was 
working perfectly. This was quite 
intriguing for the scientists. How 
did this watch come here? They 
knew for certain that no one had 
ever set foot on the island before 
them. So, there was only one 
other possibility. This watch, with 
its well crafted leather belt, glass, 
battery and other parts, came to 
this island by chance and settled 
on the beach. There is no other 
alternative." To explain the 
delusion of evolutionists, Singer 
ended his story in these words: 
"Every watch certainly has a 
watchmaker." 130 

Everything in the universe, 
living or non-living, possesses a 
superior design and perfect order. 
Therefore, none can be attributed 
to chance. It is obvious that each 








155 



r 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



is the handiwork of a supreme and almighty Creator. The majority of 
modern scientists, like Singer, make light of that perfection and order, to 
demonstrate to all that it is the work of God. 



ijiahodm Duncan QMnte/t, £k. 

Prof. Winter, who received his M.D. in medicine from the Northwestern 
University Medical School, also believes that the universe and human 
beings were created by a superior Creator. He elaborated his views in his 
writings: 

Earth and the universe with all their complexities, life in its various 
forms, and finally man himself with his superior thinking ability are all 
too intricate to have just happened. Therefore there has to be a Master 
Mind, a Creator, behind it all. There must be a God. 131 



Phillips, who earned the Nobel Prize as early as before his 50th 
birthday, for the development of methods to cool and trap atoms with 
laser light, is a believing scientist. At a press conference following the 
announcement of his winning of the Nobel Prize, he noted: 

God has given us an incredibly fascinating world to live in and 
explore. 132 



• 



^P/toj. <Da(!e Swa/ttgencUube/t 

Prof. Swartzendruber, who first worked as an assistant soil scientist at 
the University of California, and then as an associate professor of soils at 
Purdue University, is also a member of Soil Science Society of America. 
Prof. Swartzendruber indicated, by the statement below, that the universe 
could not have formed by chance, and that it is the work of a Creator: 

As a matter of fact, there is teleology, purpose, design "all over the 

place". One cannot escape it, in the heavens above or on the earth 
below. To deny a Great Designer is quite as illogical as to admire a 



156 



Scientists of Faith 








A person who sees a sown cornfield does not doubt the 
existence of a farmer who cultivated the corn. Prof. Dale 
Swartzendruber says that there is a great purpose and plan in 
the universe, and denying the existence of a Creator, who 
devised this purpose and plan, would be far more nonsensical 
than denying the existence of the farmer in the above example. 



magnificent field of yellow, waving grain and at the same time to deny 
the existence of the farmer in the farmhouse by the roadside. 133 




CUMGiam ^Dewbski 



The area of research pursued by Dembski, one of the leading 
mathematical scientists of our day, covers a wide range of disciplines, 
from philosophy to theology Dembski 
underscores that science is an attempt to 
understand the world, and scientists are 
but discoverers in this pursuit. He 
presents some of his views in this way: 

The world is God's creation, and 

scientists in understanding the world are 

simply retracing God's thoughts. 

Scientists are not creators but 

discoverers... The important thing 

about the act of creation is that it 

reveals the creator. The act of 

creation always bears the signature 

of the creator. 134 

William Dembski 




157 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 







Prof. Meyer is a devout 
scientist who believes 
that the cell is too 
complicated to come 
about by chance. 






^P/toj. Stephen uMeye/i 



Meyer is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Whitworth College. 
He believes in creation and has produced a number of works on the 
subject. In many of his works, he argues that the universe is the product 
of an intelligent design, and that nature bears witness to that reality. In 
one of his articles, he refers to the design in the cell and says: 

I argue that neither chance, nor "pre-biotic natural selection," nor 
physical-chemical "necessity" (in whatever theoretical guise) can 
explain the origin of information in the first cell. 135 



- 



<P/to(. WaltM c£. CB/iad0ey 

Walter Bradley, who is currently a professor in the department of 
mechanical engineering at Texas A&M University, is the 
author of The Mystery of Life's Origirtte 
believes that the cosmos and all living 
and non-living things are the result of 
a design, and that evidence for this 
proliferates everywhere. 

Bradley's words convey his 
belief in the existence of a 

Creator: Walter L Bradley 





158 



Scientists of Faith 



In the spring of 1987, 1 agreed to give a presentation on Christianity and 
science at Cornell University. I decided to experiment with a broad, 
popular level treatment of Scientific Evidence for the Existence of 
God.... It is abundantly clear evidence abounds for the existence of 
an intelligent creator . 136 

Prof. Rex served as a lecturer in mathematics at the University of 
Southern California and then as an associate professor of physics at 
George Pepperdine College. Believing that the whole universe was 
created by God, and that it is under God's control, Prof. Rex remarked that 
any present theory of the origin and maintenance of the universe which 
ignores or denies Creation either doesn't explain all the pertinent facts or 
else becomes hopelessly involved and obscured. 137 



^Dft. u4CCon Sandage 



Dr. Allan Sandage, one of the most distinguished astronomers 
day, chose to accept God at age 50. In an 
interview published in Newsweek 
magazine, which went by the title 
"Science Finds God" , as its cover 
story, Sandage explained why he 
accepted religion: 

It was my science that drove 
me to the conclusion that 
the world is much more 
complicated than can be 
explained by science. It 
is only through the 
supernatural that I 
can understand the 
mystery of 

existence. 138 



of our 




159 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



^P/ioj. CeciP ^Boyce hamann 

Hamann, a member of faculties of Greenville College, University of 
Kentucky and St. Louis University Medical School, currently teaches 
biology at the Asbury College. He is a scientist with a firm belief in God. 
Hamann expressed his belief in the following words: 

Wherever I turn in the realm of science there is evidence of design, 
law and order - of a Supreme Being .... Yes, I believe in God. I believe 
in a God who is not only an all-powerful Deity who created and 
sustains this universe, but a God who is concerned about His crown of 
creation, man. 139 

<PauP £/mest J[do^ 

Prof. Adolph, formerly an associate in anatomy at St. John's University, 
is a member of the Fellow of American College of Surgeons. He owes his 
firm faith to his scientific studies. Prof. Adolph once said of his faith: 

... I would say that I definitely accept for myself the existence and 
reality of God. My conviction results not only from experiences of a 
spiritual nature, but medical practice has amply confirmed what I had 
accepted by faith.... Yes, indeed, there is a God! 140 

Prof. Zimmerman, who received his Ph.D. from the Purdue University, 
and is professor of agriculture and mathematics at the Goshen College, 
discussed his faith in God in as such: 

All Nature was originated by God, and He sustains it, incessantly. As I 
continue to study and observe the workings of Nature in soils and 
plants, my belief in God constantly increases, and I daily bow down 
before Him in wonderment and praise. 141 






i 



i 



160 



Scientists of Faith 



i 






£r\/tico oUedi 

Eminent Italian scientist, Enrico Medi, spoke of the miracles a scientist 
comes across, and about the conclusion he finally arrived at, at an 
international conference in Rome in 1971: 

. . .there is a cause, outside of space, outside of time, the master of being, 
which made being to be in this way. And this is God... 142 



QAtoyne 01. Mt 



BiliMARASTlRMAWKF! 



Prof. Michael Girouard (far right) participated as a speaker at the 
international conference of 'The Collapse of Evolution: The Fact of 
Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation, in Istanbul. 



Prof. Ault earned a postgraduate degree from Columbia University, 
and was research fellow in Geochemical Laboratory, New York. Prof. Ault 
stated that scientific research enhances one's commitment to God: 

The quest for knowledge and the inquisitiveness which asks the why 
and the how of Nature are part of the endowed traits of mind. Once the 
scientist has exercised faith in the Creator of the universe this faith can 
only grow as a result of studies in any direction. 143 



Michael Girouard, a professor of biology at Southern Louisiana 
University, believes that life could not have come about by chance, and 
that the highly complex and perfect structure of proteins and the cell, the 
basic units of life, were created by God. 



161 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 










The poster of the Second 
International Conference named 
'The Collapse of the Theory of 
Evolution: The Fact of Creation" 
organized by the Science 
Research Foundation on July 5, 
1998 in Istanbul. 






In a speech titled, "Is it Possible for 

Life to Emerge by Coincidences? ", 

which he presented at the second 

international conference, named 

"The Collapse of the Theory of 

Evolution: The Fact of Creation", 

organized by the Science 

Research Foundation on July 

5, 1998 in Istanbul, Prof. 

Girouard supported that 

opinion with scientific 

evidence, and ended his 

speech with the following 

words: 

The makeup of living things is 
far more complicated than the 
results obtained in laboratory 
experiments. When we turn to the 
laws of chemistry and physics for 
an explanation, this is what we 
learn: There must definitely be an 
Intelligence, a Creator; a Creator 



who has ordered these laws. This is 
the most scientific explanation. The laws of physics and chemistry 
reveal to us in all certainty that the evolution and formation of living 
things from inanimate matter is impossible . In respect of these 
scientific findings , this not only bring an end to my speech, but also an 
end to evolution . 144 



^/toj. £>du/a/ic( ^oucheauK 



Dr. Edward Boudreaux, a professor of chemistry at the University of 
New Orleans, believes that chemical elements must have been 
deliberately arranged by God for life to be formed. Prof. Boudreaux said 
in his speech titled "The Design in Chemistry", which he offered at the 
second international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of 




i 



162 



Scientists of Faith 






Prof. Boudreaux offered a 
speech entitled 'The Design 
in Chemistry", at the 
international conferences of 
'The Collapse of the Theory 
of Evolution: The Fact of 
Creation", organized in 
Istanbul and Ankara. 



Evolution: The Fact of Creation" 
organized in Istanbul, that "the world 
Prof. Edward Boudreaux we live in, and its natural laws are 

very precisely set us by the Creator for the benefit of us, humans" 



145 



^Pftoj. ^Gnnetd Camming 






■Jr 




l| BiLfM 1 
1 V ^LI 

ill MMSoWtr -1 y 



Prof. Kenneth Cumming 



World-renowned scientist 
Prof. Cumming is the 
member of the Institute for 
Creation Research in the 
USA. 



Prof. Kenneth Cumming, a 
world-renowned scientist from the 
Institute for Creation Research in 
the USA, is an authority on 
biochemistry and paleontology. He 
stated that he is opposed to the 
theory of evolution and believes in 
the existence of God. 

Complexity at all levels, is seen. 
Uniqueness at all levels. Whether it 
is cellular level, at the organ level, at 
the body level, at the system level, 
these complexities are apparent... 
Cells and bodies are wonderfully 
made. Within a wide range of living 
machines, these are complex 
associations of proteins, fats, they 
build and tear down the tissues as 
well as synthesize and burn food... 
They show very intricate design 
features. 146 



i 



163 



[ 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



* 



^P/toj. Ca/iC cFCie/imans 



Prof. Fliermans, a scientist 
widely-recognized in the USA, is a 
professor of microbiology at Indiana 
University. He conducts research on 
"the neutralization of chemical 
wastes by bacteria" sponsored by 
the US Department of Defense. At 
the conference for "The Collapse of 
The Theory of Evolution: The Fact of 
Creation", which he attended in 
Istanbul, he refuted the 
evolutionary claims in the realm of 
biochemistry. In his speech, he 
stated his belief in God thus: 

Modern biology proves that life forms did not come about by chance, 
which constitutes evidence for the superior creation by God. 147 




Prof. Carl Fliermans 



Prof. David Menton, who affirmed his belief in God by saying "IVe 
been examining the anatomies of 
living things for 30 years. Every time, I 
came across the reality of God's perfect 
creation." 148 , is a professor of anatomy 
at the University of Washington. 



Prof. Menton is one of the renowned 
scientists who participated in the 
conference series organized by the 
Science Research Foundation in Turkey 







Prof. David Menton 



164 



Scientists of Faith 






^P/tOJ. £okn oUo/t/us 



The famous geologist, Professor Morris, is the president of the Institute 
for Creation Research, which is the most prolific organization in the USA, 
formed by scientists defending creation. In a speech, Prof. Morris referred 
to his faith in God, and his belief that the theory of evolution has been 
refuted by science, in the following manner: 

As do many noted and qualified scientists, we, as devout believers in 
God, believe that God is the Creator. It is God who rules over our lives 
and to whom we must turn. We owe our lives to Him and we are 
responsible for earning His good pleasure. 149 

JhitUn ^Peacocke 

Arthur Peacocke, whose primary scientific discipline was physical 
biochemistry, is director of the Ian Ramsey Centre at Oxford University. 
He proclaims his belief in God as such: 

God creates and is present to each instant of the time of the created 
world; God transcends past and present time: God is eternal, in the 
sense that there is no time at which he did not exist nor will there be a 
future time at which he does not exist. 150 



Having completed his postgraduate studies at the University of Texas, 
Prof. Winchester served as a professor of biology at the Baylor University, 
and was president of the Florida Academy of Science. He maintained that 
scientific research fortifies his belief in God: 

Today, I am happy to say, after many years of study and work in the 
fields of science, my faith in God, rather than being shaken, has become 
much stronger and acquired a firmer foundation than heretofore. 
Science brings about an insight into the majesty and omnipotence of the 
Supreme Being which grows stronger with each new discovery. 151 



165 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



oMeWi QoGshani 

Physicist Mehdi Golshani, of Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, 
in an interview he gave to Newswe ^outlined his belief in God and that 
scientific research complements religion: 

Natural phenomena are God's signs in the universe and studying them 
is almost a religious obligation. The Koran asks humans to "travel in the 
earth, then see how He initiated the creation." Research is a worship 
act, in that it reveals more of the wonders of God's creation. 152 






<P«oj. gduiin gfost 






Having completed his postgraduate work at the University of 
Oklahoma, and having taught at the same university in the department of 
physics, Prof. Fast maintains that it is completely impossible for atoms, the 
building blocks of matter, to have come together spontaneously to form the 
entire universe and living things. He expressed his belief in creation in 
these words: 

Regressing far enough one must finally reach the conclusion that the 
existence of "natural laws", which describe systematics in the universe, 
is evidence of an Intelligence who chose to establish the operation of the 
universe as we observe it... The Cause which created the particles 
logically also determined the properties they were to have. 153 

Chafes C £W. bournes 

Townes, who discovered the principle behind the 
laser, conducts his studies at the University of 
Berkeley. Townes stated his belief in God in 
this way: 

As a religious person, I strongly sense 
the presence and actions of a creative 
being far beyond myself and yet 
always personal and close by. 154 

Charles H. Townes 



i 

i 




166 



Scientists of Faith 






£okt\ ^PoPfeinghoftne 



John Polkinghorne, who has had a distinguished career in particle 
physics at Cambridge University, made the following statement in an 
interview with Newsweek 

When you realize that the laws of nature must be incredibly finely 
tuned to produce the universe we see, that conspires to plant the idea 
that the universe did not just happen, but that there must be a purpose 
behind it... For me, the fundamental component of belief in God is that 
there is a mind and a purpose behind the universe. 155 



£Wugd ^Ross 



Hugh Ross, who holds a Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of 
Toronto, is President of "Reasons to Believe", a creationist institute in the 
USA. He has written many works on the relationship between cosmology 
and creation. Some of these are: The Creator and the Cosm,c(sreation and 
Time, and Beyond the Cosmo Some of Ross' remarks about the creation of 
the universe by a Creator are as follows: 

If time's beginning is concurrent with the beginning of the universe, as 
the space-time theorem says, then the cause of the universe must be 
some entity operating in a time dimension completely independent of 
and pre-existent to the time dimension of the cosmos. ...It tells us that 
the Creator is transcendent, operating beyond the dimensional limits of 
the universe. 156 

An intelligent, transcendent Creator must have brought the universe 
into existence. An intelligent, transcendent Creator must have designed 
the universe. An intelligent, transcendent Creator must have designed 
planet Earth. An intelligent, transcendent Creator must have designed 
life. 157 



i 



<P/toj. <Da. <T)uane Qisk 

Duane Gish, who earned a Ph.D. in biochemistry from University of 
California, Berkeley, is a respected scientist known for his religious 



167 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 





The Science 
Research 
Foundation 
organized 
international 
conferences 
titled 'The 
Collapse of 
Evolution: The 
Fact of 

Creation", held 
on April 4, 1 998, 
and July 5, 1 998, 
in Istanbul, and 
on July 12, 1998, 
in Ankara. 
World- renowned 
and respected 
scientists of 
faith were 
invited to the 
conferences as 
speakers. 



f 



w* Dj[ JM A] R 



168 



Scientists of Faith 






conviction and his fight against the theory of 
evolution. Gish gave speeches at numerous 
conferences about the invalidity of the 
theory of evolution, and he is one of the 
foremost creationist debaters in the world 
today 

Prof. Gish has participated three 
times as a speaker at the conferences 
titled "The Collapse of Evolution: The 
Fact of Creation", organized in 1998 
in Turkey. Of the collapse of the 
theory of evolution, and his 
strong faith in creation, 
according to Gish: 

The theory of evolution is in a desperate crisis. On the contrary, the idea 
of creationism is backed by sound evidence. Today, thousands of 
scientists find the idea of creation increasingly convincing. 158 




Prof. Duane Gish 



<3)/t. ^Pieftiie Qunna/t JJe/tdsUom 

Jerlstrom, who received his Ph.D. in molecular biology from Griffith 
University, conducted numerous studies in his field, and was honored 
with several scientific awards. Dr. Jelstrom's articles are published in 
various scientific magazines. He is also known for his belief in creation. 



t 

i 



<D/t. Stephen Qaocott 



Grocott has a Ph.D. from the University of Western Australia, in the 
field of organometallic chemistry of optically active metal complexes. He 
has worked for years as a research scientist in the field of alumina 
refining, environmental, analytical and industrial chemistry. He has 
published numerous papers in these fields. After many years as a passive 
evolutionist, he was stunned by the logic, completeness, and 
overwhelming mass of scientific evidence in support of Special Creation. 
Grocott is also a dynamic public speaker on this topic. 



169 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



Qrmt/iy ^ougnetsoi/ 

The Russian scientist Kouznetsov remarks that a large number of 
scientists have come to believe in God and religion in the face of the 
scientific facts they have discovered. Kouznetsov is also an ardent debater 
with evolutionists. 159 

3)jt. Srrufl 2iCi/esUu 

Dr. Emil Silvestru has worked as an associate professor in Babes-Bolyai 
University, Romania. An internationally respected authority on the 
geology of caves, he has published numerous scientific papers in 
academic journals worldwide. He was until recently the head scientist at 
the world's first speleological institute (speleology = the study of caves), 
and is a creationist scientist. 



Dr. Andre Eggen, who has conducted a great deal of research on animal 
genetics, has been working as a research scientist for the French 
government. Eggen believes in creation. 



Dr. Ian Macreadie is a molecular biologist who has done extensive 
research on molecular biology and microbiology. Author of more than 60 
research papers, he is a Principal Research Scientist at the Biomolecular 
Research Institute of Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial 
Research Organization (CSIRO). Dr. Macreadie, who believes in creation, 
also won the Australian Society for Microbiology's top award, for 
outstanding contributions to research. 



170 



Scientists of Faith 






^Piioj. e>W/tew Conway $^y 

One of the most famous physiology experts in the world, Andrew Ivy 
was the Head of the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology of 
Northwestern University Medical School between 1925-1946. Prof. Ivy 
was Vice President of the University of Illinois from 1946 to 1953, and then 
he served as a Distinguished Professor of Physiology and Head of the 
Department of Clinical Science, University of Illinois, College of 
Medicine, Chicago. When asked, "Is there a Creator who created the 
universe?", he replied, "Yes, I am as certain that there is a God as I am 
certain of anything", and went on to say: 

Belief in the existence of God provides the only complete, ultimate and 
rational meaning to existence. Belief in God is the only ultimate reason 
for the absolute certainty that man is a person and something more 
than a parcel of matter and energy. Belief in God is the source and the 
ultimate basis of the most inspired conception of the human mind. 160 

^D/i. Raymond JJones 

Dr. Jones has served for years in highly respected scientific agency of 
Australia's government, the CSIRO. He is best known for solving the 
Leucaena problem, which has earned millions of dollars for the 
Australian farming industries. Jones is a creationist scientist. 

^uCes 9^. ^Poi/ue/t 

Jules H. Poirier has worked for the U.S. Navy as a senior electronic 
design specialist engineer for high-powered defense and space projects. 
He studied electrical engineering, physics and mathematics at the 
University of California at Berkeley. During his professional career, Jules 
Poirier was responsible for many design solutions and innovations, which 
helped the U.S. defense forces and the space program. Discovering the 
superior feats of wisdom in animals, Poirier concluded that they must 
have been created by a Creator. He is the author of the book From Darkness 



ill 



i 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 

to Lzg/zf to Flight: Monarch - the Miracle Butterftyhere he elaborates on 
this issue. 



JAickad y ^Bede 



Michael J. Behe is one of the most renowned scientists to believe that 
the cosmos and all living things are the work of an intelligent design. Behe 
is a professor of biochemistry at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania. He 
has published numerous articles in well-known newspapers such as The 
New York Time&nd Boston ReviewBehe is the author of Darwin's Black 
Box, which has proved that biologically the theory of evolution cannot be 
true, distributed in over 80 reprints worldwide. 

Behe proves the invalidity of the theory of evolution with a concept he 
calls "irreducible complexity". According to this idea, many organs are 
composed of several well-matched, interacting parts that contribute to the 
basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the 
system to effectively cease functioning. For this reason, coincidental or 
gradual development is out of the question. 

In Darwin's Black Bo^Behe wrote: 

They were designed not by the laws of nature, not by chance and 
necessity; rather; they were planned. The designer knew what the 
systems would look like when they were completed, then took steps to 
bring the systems about. Life on earth at its most fundamental level, in 

its most critical components, is the product of 
intelligent activity. The conclusion of 
intelligent design flows naturally from the 
data itself... Inferring that biochemical 
systems were designed by an intelligent 
ft? A l^?l Ua agent is a humdrum process that requires 

y /^ \ftjF' '■■■© no new principles of logic and 

science. It comes simply from the 

hard work that biochemistry has 

: ' done over the past forty years, 

' i if mi. 

Michael J. Behe 




i 



172 



Scientists of Faith 






combined with consideration of the way in 
which we reach conclusions of design 
every day. 161 



^PlwCip Johnson 





Johnson, who has taught 
law in the University of 
California at Berkeley, has 
conducted extensive research 
on the ideological aspect of 
the theory of evolution. 
Johnson is the author of three 

books on this matter, titled 

^ ^ / 73 xt Philip Johnson 

Darwin on Trial Reason in the r 

Balance, and Objection Sustainefias well as two massive books on criminal 

law, and numerous articles. Johnson, known for his strong opposition to 

the theory of evolution, is also a scientist who believes 

in God. Johnson's belief and pursuit is apparent in 

these words: 

...I want to develop a challenge to materialistic 
evolution. Let's unite around the Creator . 162 

Chafes ^Bi/tch 

Charles Birch is professor emeritus at the 
University of Sydney, Australia. He is known for his 
firm faith in creation. He was awarded the Templeton Prize for Progress 
in Religion in 1990. His faith finds expression in his below: 

God as the source of all value was "nearer than hands and feet, closer 
than breathing. The experience of God was real... God is both cause in 
creating the world and effect in experiencing the world. 163 



i 



173 



[ 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



2. ^occCyn Qdd <BianeM 

Jocelyn Bell Burnell is a professor of physics at the 
Open University in England, and chairs the 
department. An astronomer, she is one of the 
discoverers of the spinning stars called pulsars. 
Burnell, who has strong faith in God, wrote: 

I believe in a God who is powerful and all- 
knowing, but also caring and forgiving... I am 
sure that there is a God. 164 




S. Jocelyn 
Bell Burnell 



^P/toj. ©wen Qingeftich 

Owen Gingerich is a professor of astronomy and the history of science 
at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. He has a deep faith in God, which he declared in these 
words: 

I believe in God as the superintelligence who planned and guided the 
creation of the universe... I believe that the creation of humanity is a 
principal purpose of the universe and that humankind was created in 
the image of God, particularly with respect to consciousness, 
conscience, and the moral freedom to choose right and wrong. 165 

^P/ioj. Coihd ^/tied/licit von QAieigsacke/t 

Weizsacker, physicist and philosopher, is a professor at the Max- 
Planck-Gesellschaft in Germany. He expressed his belief in God in the 
following manner: 

On a beautiful starry night in the Jura Mountains of Switzerland I 
perceived two certainties: here God is present; and the stars are spheres 
of gas, as physics teaches us today 166 



174 



Scientists of Faith 



^oj. Qai/id ^Be/ifcnski 






David Berlinski, who received his Ph.D. in mathematics from Princeton 
University, believes that living things did not evolve, but are the products 
of intelligent design. In his works, Berlinski often refers to God as the 
author of this design. The following quotes from Berlinski are examples 
of this: 

The structures of life are complex, and complex structures get made in 
this, the purely human world, only by a process of deliberate design. 
An act of intelligence is required to bring even a thimble into being; 
why should the artifacts of life be different? 167 

Molecular biology has revealed that whatever else a living creature 
may be - God's creation. 168 



<Paoj. qAMGiam ££ane Q mi ^ 

William Craig earned a doctorate in philosophy at the University of 
Birmingham, England, before earning a doctorate in theology, from the 
Ludwig Maximiliens Universitat-Munchen, West Germany. He believes 
that the universe was created by God for a special purpose. Craig's views 
are reflected in these remarks: 

...the universe has a cause of its existence. In fact, I think that it can be 
plausibly argued that the cause of the universe must be a personal 
Creator. For how else could a temporal effect arise from an eternal 
cause?. . . We have seen on the basis of both philosophical argument and 
scientific confirmation that it is plausible that the universe began to 
exist. Given the intuitively obvious principle that whatever begins to 
exist has a cause of its existence, we have been led to conclude that the 
universe has a cause of its existence. On the basis of our argument, this 
cause would have to be uncaused, eternal, changeless, timeless, and 
immaterial. Moreover, it would have to be a personal agent who freely 
elects to create an effect in time. Therefore, on the basis of the kalam 
cosmological argument, I conclude that it is rational to believe that God 
exists. 169 



i 



175 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



Indeed, given the truth of the maxim ex nihilo nihil fit (out of nothing 
comes nothing), the Big Bang requires a supernatural cause. Since the 
initial cosmological singularity represents the terminus of all space- 
time trajectories, there cannot be any physical cause of the Big Bang. 
Rather, the cause must transcend physical space and time: it must be 
independent of the universe, and unimaginably powerful. Moreover, 
this cause must be a personal being, endowed with free will. The cause 
of the origin of the universe must therefore be a personal Creator, who 
a finite time ago brought the universe into existence by his free 
agency. 170 



_ 



Paleontologist Dr. Kurt Wise, who is an Assistant Professor of Science 
at the Department of Mathematics and Natural Science of Bryan College, 
is known for his opposition to the theory of evolution and his firm faith 
in God. "Creation isn't a theory" he says. "The fact that God created the 
universe is not a theory - it's true." 171 



2ig/uc( ^antwig 2cbe/ie/i 



Sigrid Hartwig-Scherer, who received his Ph.D. in physical 

anthropology from the University of Zurich, is the author of 

Ramapithecus-Wrfahr des MenschenlRamapithecus - 

Progenitor of Humans?) In her works, she demonstrates 

that the fossil record refutes the theory of evolution, and 

that apes are not the ancestors of humans. She feels that 

all creatures are the work of a Creator. 



$.<$. Jttondand 

J. P. Moreland, Ph.D. in philosophy from the 
University of Southern California, is a faithful 
scientist, and the author of Christianity and the 
Nature of Science, and The Creation Hypothesis. 




i 

i 



J. P. Moreland 



176 



Scientists of Faith 



He received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the 
University of Chicago. He is one of the 
scientists who believe that life is the 
product of an intelligent design. 

<P/io(. Jonathan QjUeCCs 

Jonathan Wells, Ph.D. in 
religious studies from Yale, and 
postdoctoral research biologist in 
the department of molecular and 
cell biology, at the University of 
California at Berkeley, is the 
author of Charles Hodge 's Critique of DarwinisWells holds that the latest 
developments in science show that life is the work of design. 




Paul A. Nelson 



3)a. <Don fatten 



Don Batten has done extensive research in plant physiology and has 
won a number of academic rewards for his 
studies. He is also a scientist with a 
devout belief in God's existence. He has 
written a number of books and 
numerous articles about the signs of 
creation on Earth, in addition to 




177 



[ 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



his own field, which is plant physiology. He also toured the world 
offering lectures in which he explained God's signs to people in non- 
academic language. The Australian scientist conducted his first lecture 
tour in England in 1995. 



^D/i. JJohn ^Baumga/tcfne/t 

Dr. Baumgardner, who earned a Ph.D. in geophysics and space physics 
from University of California, Los Angeles, was led by his research into 
the impasses of the theory of evolution to denounce the theory, and admit 
to Creation, despite having received an evolutionist education. 

<P/u>{. <£h. QonaW C^ttick 

Dr. Donald Chittick received his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from 
Oregon State University. He has been honored with many awards for his 
research. He offers lectures in subjects such as "Evidence for Creation" and 
"Creation and the Early Earth". 






q)A. CWeAneft QUI 




Dr. Gitt is a director and professor at the German 
Federal Institute of Physics and Technology 
(Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, 
Braunschweig). He has written numerous 
scientific papers in the fields of information 
science, mathematics, and control 
engineering. Dr. Gitt, who believes in 
Creation, has also written many books 
in which he criticizes the theory of 
evolution. The titles of his books are 
Did God Use Evolution?In the Beginning was 
Information Stars and their Purpose: Signposts in Sp^mvd If Animals Could 
Talk. 






178 



Scientists of Faith 






<£>Jt. gafty £. ^Pajifceii 



En route to his M.S. in Biology/Physiology from Ball State, Dr. Parker 
earned several academic awards. He began his career as an evolutionist. 
Faced with convincing scientific evidence supporting creation, Dr. Parker 
abandoned the theory of evolution, and admitted to the existence of the 
Creator. He has published a number of books in biology and creation 
science, and has lectured worldwide on creationism. 

^Dii. oMa/tga/tet ^edde/i 

Dr. Helder is a scientist, a botanist, and Vice-President of the Creation 
Science Association of Alberta, Canada. She is also probably the most 
prominent woman in creation science. She has written numerous articles 
about the signs of creation surrounding us. 

<P/to{. <Qa. Jonathan 3). Sa/tjati 

Dr. Sarfati, who obtained a Ph.D. in chemistry from Victoria University 
of Wellington, has co-authored many papers in mainstream scientific 
journals. He has long been interested in the defense of faith, and he is 
currently an active research scientist in creationism. 

A graduate in physics from Oxford University and a fellow of the Royal 
Statistical Society and Royal Astronomical Society, Robert Matthews 
described God's miracle of creation in his book published in 1992: 

The whole process normally takes place in perfect harmony, producing 
a foetus, then a living baby, a child and finally an adult. Like so much 
in biology, the whole process is seemingly miraculous. How can such 
stunning complexity be produced from such simple beginnings? How, 
in short, does a single cell far smaller than the dot of this letter "i" 
produce a sentient being? Many of the processes involved remain 



179 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



mysterious, and constitute one of the most fascinating of all the 
Outstanding Mysteries. 172 



^D/i. GCaude ^/leshfiontant 

Dr. Claude Tresmontant, of the University of Paris, in an interview in 
Realitiesmagazine, described his faith in creation, and his belief that the 
Earth could not have come into being by chance: 

No theory of chance can explain the creation of the world. . .It makes no 
sense to say that chance can account for the creation of being. 173 

<Th. <£on <Page 

Don Page received his Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of 
Technology in 1976, and has worked with noted scientists since then. Page 
believes that comprehending the universe helps in coming to an awareness 
of God's might and wisdom, though not sufficient to fully grasp it. 

^Dji. L>W/tew SneGGing 

Dr. Snelling, Ph.D. in geology, has been involved in research projects with 
various CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organization), 
ANSTRO (Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization) and 
University scientists across Australia, and with scientists from the USA, 
Britain, Japan, Sweden and the International Atomic Energy Agency. As a 
result of this research Andrew is involved in the writing of scientific papers 
that are being published in international scientific journals. He has been 
honored with a number of prizes for his contribution to creation science, and 
has written numerous articles on the signs of creation in living things. 

Dr. Carl Wieland, a creationist medical doctor, is in great demand as a 
speaker on the scientific evidence for creation. He has also authored 
numerous articles on the subject, which have been published internationally. 



180 




I 



Scientists of Faith 



OTHER MODERN SCIENTISTS OF F AITH 

There are a great many scientists all over the world who believe in God. 
All of the successful scientists of our day who are listed here oppose the 
idea that living things have come into being by chance, and believe that 
God created the entire universe according to an intelligent design. 

ffi/uv 9E.&. 9vfW7ier ^Erof. tfU&erf? JTeammJv 



Biochemistry 



Astrophysics 



i 



Jr. ^err^y (Eerymcw/ 
Psychology 



Biology 



yr. tf&m&er/cp Q6errm& Q)r. ^Eas^eE EEtrnifeArey&s 

Microbiology and Immunology Physics 



Nuclear Chemistry 


Q)r. &£o^Q)(MM%& 

Plant physiology 


Biochemistry and Biology 


Q)r. jftirrys (EalEer 
Biochemistry 


Q)r. ytrw^ecch (Eo^a/micet 
Biology and Microbiology 


Statistics 


Chemical Engineering 


Physics 


0A G^rd^ar^dlcA 


WamdQjemitty 
Neuroscience 


Geology 




^EloAerty '^Ejzitcty 
Plasma Physics 


EErof. Q)r. &a^en£y Er~. G/i^m 
Physics 


Geology 


0r. GAxm/i^-^ExiA GAmu^ 
Genetic Engineering 


Geology 


3&&Ajm^MGAxr 
Biology 



I 



181 



I 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 




/Jr. ^nara/d (jo^fuv 
Paleontology 



Q)r.JacAW. Guo^ 
Medicine 



w 



Geophysics 



Biology 



Aerospace Engineering 



Q)r. Q)ofia/d^Miricmn/ 
Food Scientist 



Q)r. jfionel ' QjaAmer 
Organic Chemistry 

i 

Physics 

Q)r. (jAri& Qjarn/tromfA 
Biochemistry 

0* J. <S. Am- 
Biochemistry 

S)r. &Aoma& < 5Bam£& 
Physics 

Q)r. (£cud \AxAermans 
Psychology 

Q)r. Q)owp/a& Qjewv 
Biological chemistry 



Or. Wcmy W&c/atm^ 
Astronomy, atmospheric physics 



Or ^arr^y^jirAer 
Philosophy 



Q)r. (jAar/e& 6 fP. ^jirri&on/ 
Applied Physics 

Q)r 9lnroM9l. 9&ir^ 
Engineering 



7 n&ons 



Entomology 



Mathematics 

Q)r ( d/tu&&e//s ^jimy^/ire^sy 
Physics 



Q)r. ^o/iat/icms W. ^c 
Medicine 



c ?<m£& 



Astronomy 




Mathematics 



Or Q)ecuv ^en^oiv 
Biology 



! 



i 



182 



Scientists of Faith 




i 



i 



Biology 



Cytology, Cell Pathology 

Genetics, Molecular biolo; 
Neurobiology 

Physics 



Immunology 
Mathematics 



Biochemistry 
Biology, Genetics 
Science Education 
Chemistry 



(£rof. J0xzrwwj(/. J(a/m 



"notch 




Anthropology 



Aerodynamics 

Q)r.^A^MaMfc 
Agriculturist 

ry / Biology 

0r-. tflaJfaA MaltAeic^y 
Radiation chemistry 

Physiology 

Hydrology 

Q)r. jfav Morri& 
Physiology 

Q)r. <9 > r i aem& Mortimer 
Geology 

Nuclear Engineering 

Wr. Q)cwitl 6k/er6€r<p 
Philosophy 

Linguistics 
Biology 



■ 



J 



I 



183 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 



Chemistry, Biochemistry 




I 



Medicine 



Botany 



Pediatrics 



* 



Biology 

Chemistry 

Chemistry 




Atmospheric science 

Q)r. ^ow:Aimy "Petted 
Biology 

Zoology 

Chemistry, Gas kinetics 

Organic chemistry and 
pharmacology 



t 



1 

1 



Physics 
Engineering 



Archaeology 



Medicine 



I 



Geophysics 

Xrof. \A / um/-^faAyrSan^ 
Computer Science 

Science Education 

Engineering 




Physics 
Genetics 



Biology 



184 




* 



u 



CONCLUSION 



Religion is the primary source for providing man with the most 
accurate knowledge regarding the creation of the universe and of life. 
When we say "religion", however, we refer to the "Qur'an" and the Sunnah 
of our Prophet, peace be upon him, as the true source of information. The 
holy books of other religions have been altered over time and can no 
longer be considered as Divine Books. 

The Qur'an, on the other hand, is definitely the word of God and 
contains no contradictions. It is the book God has sent down to His 
servants as guidance. With many verses, God stated that the Qur'an is the 
ultimate revelation, and that it is under His protection. A verse in Surat al- 
Hijr reads: 

"It is We Who have sent down the Reminder (the Qur'an) and We 
Who will preserve it." (Surat al-Hijr: 9) 

Therefore, science will advance speedily only if it is guided by the 
Qur'an, adopting its revelations, for only then may science adhere to way 
of God. When a way opposite to religion is adopted, scientists waste both 
time and resources, and impede the progress of science. 

As in all other fields of endeavor, the way to be followed in the 
scientific field is again the "way" commanded by God in the Qur'an. As 
God proclaims, "This Qur'an guides to the most upright Way..." (Surat al- 
tera 1 : 9) 



■ _ 



i 



185 



THE QURAN LEADS THE WAY TO SCIENCE 








They said 'Glory be to You! 1 We have no 
knowledge except what You have taught 
us. You are the All-Knowing, the All-Wise. 
(Surat al-Baqara: 32) 







186 



Notes 



1. Ibn Majahl/22A and TirmidhillS, 

Reported by Anas Ibn Malik. 18. 

2. Tirmidhi 279, Darimi and Daraqutni, 

reported by Abdullah ibn Mas v ud. 

3. Tirmidhi 220 19. 

4. Albert Einstein, Ideas and Opinions 

Crown Publishers, New York, 1954 

5. Letter to Maurice So loving January 1, 

1951; Einstein Archive 21-174, 80-871, 20. 

published in Letters to Solovine, p. 

119. 

6. H. S. Lipson, A Physicist's View of 21. 

Darwin's Theory, EvolutionaryrTnds 
in Plants, vol. 2, no. 1, 1988, p. 6 

7. H. S. Lipson, A Physicist Looks at 22. 

Evolution, Physics Bulletinvol. 31 

(1980) p. 138 23. 

8. Albert Einstein, Science, Philosophy 

And Religion: ASymposi%fk9Al, 

chl.3 24. 

9. Tirmidhi 225 and Ibn Majah, narrated 

by Abdullah Ibn Umar and Ka'b ibn 25. 
Malik. 

10. Tirmidhi 1392 

11. Albert Einstein, Science, Philosophy 26. 
And Religion: ASymposiu,m9A\, 

chl.3 

12. Henry Margenau, Roy Abraham 
Vargesse. Cosmos, Bios, TheoLa Salle 27. 
IL: Open Court Publishing, 1992, p. 

241 28. 

13. William Lane Craig, Cosmos and 
Creator, Origins & Design Spring 

1996, Vol. 17, p. 18 29. 

14. Michael Denton, Nature's Destiny: 

How the Laws of Biology Reveal Purpose 

in the UniverseThe New York: The 

Free Press, 1998, pp. 14-15 30. 

15. Malcolm Muggeridge, The End of 
ChristendomGrand Rapids: 
Eerdmans, 1980, p. 59 

16. Soren Lovtrup , Darwinism: The 31. 
Refutation of AMyt}New York: 

Croom Helm, 1987, p.422 

17. Paul R. Ehrlich and Richard W. 32. 
Holm, Patterns and Populations, 

Science, Vol 137 (August, 31, 1962), 



pp. 656-7 

Sidney Fox, Klaus Dose,. Molecular 

Evolution and The Origin of LifNew 

York: Marcel Dekker, 1977. p. 2 

Klaus Dose, The Origin Of Life: More 

Questions Than Answers, 

Interdisciplinary Science Reviewml. 

13, no.4, 1988, p. 348 

George Gamow, Martynas Yeas, Mr. 

Tompkins Inside Himselfi\len & 

Unwin, London, 1966, p. 149 

Pat Shipman, Birds Do It. Did 

Dinosaurs?, New Scientist February, 

1, 1997, p. 28 

Colin Patterson, Harper's, February 

1984, p.60 

Pierre-P Grasse, Evolution of Living 

Organism sNew York, Academic 

Press, 1977, p. 103 

Michael Pitman, Adam and Evolutio,n 

London, River Publishing, 1984, p. 70 

Gordon Taylor, The Great Evolution 

Mystery, New York: Harper and Row, 

1983, p. 34-38 

Leakey, R., & Lewin, R. People of the 

lake: Mankind and its beginnings]ew 

York: Anchor Press /Doubleday, 1978, 

p. 17 

S.J. Jones, A Thousand and One Eves, 

Nature, Vol 34, May, 31, 1990, p. 395 

William A. Dembski "Science and 

Design", First Things, No. 86, 

November, 1998, p. 26 

G. Mansfield, Creation or Chance! 

God 's purpose with mankind proved by 

the wonder of the univer,steogos 

Publications 

S.R. Scadding, "Do 'Vestigial Organs' 

Provide Evidence For Evolution?", 

Evolutionary Theor^oX. 5, May 1981, 

p. 173 

Michael J.Behe, Darwin's Black Boy 

New York: Free Press, 1996, pp.231- 

232 

Colin Patterson, Evolution and 

CreationismSpeech at the American 

Museum of Natural History, New 



187 



York (November 5, 1981) 49. 

33. Colin Patterson, Evolution and 
Creationistn Speech at the American 50. 
Museum of Natural History, New 

York (November 5, 1981) 

34. The Earth Before Mapp. 51 

35. Francis Darwin, The Life and Letters of 51. 
Charles DarwinVol.l, New York:D. 
Appleton and Company, 1888, p.413 

36. Francis Darwin, The Life and Letters of 
Charles Darw in Vol.1, New York:D. 52. 
Appleton and Company, 1888, p.315 

37. F. Clark Howell, Early Man NY: Time 53. 
Life Books, 1973, pp. 24-25 

38. Francis Hitching, The Neck of the 54. 
Giraffe: Where Darwin WentMng 

New York: Ticknor and Fields 1982, 
p. 204 

39. "Introduction," Origin of Speciepby 55. 
Charles Darwin (Dutton: Everyman's 
Library, 1956), p. xxii 

40. Richard Dawkins, The Blind 
Watchmak ^/London: W. W. Norton 

1986, p. 229 56. 

41. Mark Czarnecki, The Revival of the 
Creationist Crws^^MacLean's, 
January, 19, 1981, p. 56 

42. Norman Macbeth, Darwin Retried: An 57. 
Appeal to Reaso/Boston, Gambit, 

1971, p. 101 58. 

43. Richard Dawkins, The Blind 
Watchmak ^/London: W. W. Norton, 
1986, p. 159 

44. Al-Kulayni, Usui al-Kafi i, kitab fadl 59. 
al-'ilm, bab thawab al-'alim wa al- 
muta'allim, hadith 1 60. 

45. Tirm id hi 222 

46. Tirmidhi2487, Ahmad and Ibn 

Majah, narrated by Umm Salamah 61. 

47. Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh, 
Henry Lincoln, The Messianic Legacy 
Gorgi Books, London:1991, pp.177- 

178 62. 

48. Michael Denton, Nature 's Destiny: 

How the Laws of Biology Reveal Purpose 
in the UniverseThe New York: The 63. 

Free Press, 1998, p. 389 



Michael J.Behe, Darwin's Black Bo% 
New York: Free Press, 1996, p.239 
Edward J. Larson and Larry Witham, 
Scientists and Religion in America, 
Scientific AmericanSeptember 1999, 
p. 81 

Richard Lewontin, The Demon- 
Haunted WorltfThe New York 
Review of Books, January, 9, 1997, 
p.28 

Michael J.Behe, Darwin's Black Boy, 
New York: Free Press, 1996, p.234 
Bilim ve Teknik (Science and 
Technology)Julyl983 
"The Incredible Design of the Earth 
and our Solar System/' 
http://www.godandscience.org/apo 
logetics/designss.html 
Michael Pidwirny, "Atmospheric 
Layers," 1996; 

http://royal.okanagan.bc.ca/mpidw 
irn/atmosphereandclimate/atmslaye 
rs.html 

"Numerical Prediction Models used 
by NWS," Integrated Publishing; 
http://www.tpub.com/weather3/4- 
27.htm 

http: / / www.wamy.co.uk/announce 
ments3.html 

Carolyn Sheets, Robert Gardner, 
Samuel F. Howe, General Science 
Allyn and Bacon Inc. Newton, 
Massachusetts, 1985, p. 305 
http://www.beconvinced.com/ 
science/QURANMOUNTAIN.htm 
Frank Press, Raymond Siever, Earth, 
3rd Edition, W. H. Freeman and 
Company, San Francisco, 1982 
General SciencpCarolyn Sheets, 
Robert Gardner, Samuel F. Howe; 
Allyn and Bacon Inc. Newton, 
Massachusetts, pp. 305-306 
Powers of Natuer, National 
Geographic Society, Washington 
D.C., 1978, p.12-13 
Dr. Mazhar, U. Kazi, 130 Evident 
Miracles in the Qur' anCrescent 



188 



Publishing House, New York, 1997, 74. 

pp. 110-111; 

http://www.wamy.co.uk/announce 75. 
ments3.html; from Prof. Zighloul 
Raghib El-Naggar's speech 

64. Dr. Mazhar, U. Kazi, 130 Evident 
Miracles in the Qur anCrescexvt 
Publishing House, New York, 1997, 76. 
pp. 110-111; 

http://www.wamy.co.uk/announce 
ments3.html; from Prof. Zighloul 
Raghib El-Naggar's speech 

65. Priscilla Frisch, "The Galactic 
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emplate/AssetDetail/assetid/21173? 
fulltext=true 78. 

66. Michael J. Denton, Nature's Destiny 
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67. http://www.islandnet.com/~see/ 
weather/history/lenard.htm 79. 

68. Richard A. Davis, Principles of 

Oceano grap /z,yAddison- Wesley 80. 

Publishing Company, Don Mills, 

Ontario, pp. 92-93 81. 

69. Keith L. Moore, E. Marshall Johnson, 

T V. N. Persaud, Gerald C. 82. 

Goeringer, Abdul-Majeed A. Zindani, 
Mustafa A. Ahmed, Human 
Development as Described in the Qur'an83. 
and SunnaJj Commission on 
Scientific Signs of the Qur'an and 
Sunnah, Makkah, 1992, p. 36 84. 

70. Keith L. Moore, Developing Humafo. 
edition, W. B. Saunders Company, 

1982, p. 364a 85. 

71. http://anatomy.med.unsw.edu.au/ 

cbl/embryo/Notes/git4.htm; 86. 

http://www.yoursurgery.com/Proce 

dureDetails.cfm?BR=l&Proc=74 

72. http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/ 87. 
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73. Dr. Mazhar U. Kazi, 130 Evident 88. 
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1998, p. 84 



Basic Human Embryologysfillmms P., 
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"High-Risk Newborn — The Benefits 
of Mother's Own Milk", University 
of Utah Health Sciences Center, http: 
//www.uuhsc.utah.edu/healthinfo/ 
pediatric/Hrnewborn/bhrnb.htm 
"High-Risk Newborn — The Benefits 
of Mother's Own Milk", University 
of Utah Health Sciences Center, 
http: / / www.uuhsc.utah.edu/healthi 
nf o / pediatric / Hrne wborn / bhrnb .ht 
m 

Rex D. Russell, "Design in Infant 
Nutrition," 

http://www.icr.org/pubs/imp- 
259.htm 

Principia, Newton, 2nd edition; J. De 
Vries, Essentials of Physical Sciench. 
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SD, 1958, p.15 

http: / / www.ldolphin.org/bum 
bulis/ 

http: / / www.ldolphin.org/bum 
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Dan Graves, Scientists of PaittyKxegel 
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"Great Aviation Quotes," 
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Michael Bumbulis, Christianity and 
The Birth of Science, 
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First Book of Francis Bacon of the 
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Learning Divine and Human 
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science4.htm 

http: / /home.columbus.rr.com/ 
sciences / enlightened_belief_ 
history.htm 

Henry M. Morris, Men of Science Men 
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Johannes Kepler, quoted in: J.H. 
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189 



89. Harmonice Mundi (Harmonies of the 
World} Johannes Kepler Gesammelte 
Werke, Munich, 1937, v. 6, p. 363 

90. Dan Graves, Scientists of FaitfyKregel 
Resources, 1996, p. 51 

91. Dan Graves, Scientists of Faith Kregel 
Resources, 1996, p. 57 

92. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science Men 
of God, Master Books, 1992, p.18 

93. Dan Graves, Scientists of Faith Kregel 
Resources, 1996, p. 66 

94. Dan Graves, Scientists of FaitfyKregel 
Resources, 1996, p. 63 

95. John Marks Templeton, Evidence of 
Purpose - Scientists Discover the 
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p.50 

96. Dan Graves, Scientists of FaittyKregel 
Resources, 1996, p. 70 

97. Sir Isaac Newton, Mathematical 
Principles of Natural Philosophy 
Translated by Andrew Motte, 
Revised by Florian Cajore, Great 
Books of the Western World 34, 
Robert Maynard Hutchins, Editor in 
chief, William Benton, Chicago, 
1952:273-74 

98. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science Men 
of Go4 Master Books, 1992, p.31 

99. William Paley, Natural Theology; or 
Evidences of the Existence and 
Attributes of the Deity Collected from 
the Appearances of Natei {"Edinburgh, 
1816], chapter 5, section 5, p.61 

100. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 
Men of Go^Master Books, 1992, 
pp.38-39 

101. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 
Men of Go^Master Books, 1992, p.53 

102. Dan Graves, Scientists of Fait}} 
Kregel Resources, 1996, p. Ill 

103. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 
Men of Go^Master Books, 1992, p.47 

104. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 
Men of Go^Master Books, 1992, p.49 

105. http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/ 
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106. Dan Graves, Scientists of Faitli 
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107. www.leaderu.com/offices/ 
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108. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 
Men of Go 4 Master Books, 1992, p.59 

109. Dan Graves, Scientists of Faith, 
Kregel Resources, 1996, p. 143 

110. http://www.archimedesfoundation. 
org/quotes.html 

111. Jean Guitton, Dieu et La Science: Vers 
Le Metarealism^Paris: Grasset, 1991, 
p. 5 

112. www.leaderu.com/offices/ 
schaefer/docs/scientists.html 

113. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 
Men of Gc^Master Books, 1992, p.66 

114. www.leaderu.com/offices/ 
schaefer/docs/scientists.html 

115. Dan Graves, Scientists of Fait}} 
Kregel Resources, 1996, p. 153 

116. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 
Men of God, Master Books, 1992, 
p.79 

117. Gene Adair, George Washington 
Carver, pp. 82, 83 

118. Sir James Jeans, in his Rede Lecture 
at Cambridge, reported in the Times, 
London, November 5, 1930 

119. Sir James Jeans, The Mysterious 
Universe. New York: Macmillan Co., 
1932/ Cambridge, England: 
University Press, 1932, p. 140. 

120. Science, Philosophy and Religion, A 
Symposiumpublished by the 
Conference on Science, Philosophy 
and Religion in Their Relation to the 
Democratic Way of Life, Inc., New 
York, 1941 

121. Quoted in Moszkowski, 
Conversations with Einstefrp. 46 

122. Letter to a child who asked if 
scientists pray, January 24, 1936; 
Einstein Archiv e±2-60l 

123. Dan Graves, Scientists of Faith 
Kregel Resources, 1996, p. 159 

124. Henry M. Morris, Men of Science 



190 



Men of Go^Master Books, 1992, p.85 

125. Dennis R. Petersen, Unlocking the 
Mysteries of Creatio,rCi eation 
Resource Foundation: El Dorado, 
California, 1990, p. 63 

126. "God and Science/' Jacques 
Maritain Center, 

http://www.nd.edu/Departments/ 
Maritain/jm2404.htm 

127. Max Planck, Where Is Science Going? 
Allen & Unwin, 1933, p.214 

128. Charles Coulson, Science and 
Christian Belief. 72 

129. US News & World Report, 
December 23, 1991 

130. Taskin Tuna, Sonsuz Uzaylar (Eternal 
Spaces) p. 31 

131. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Univergpp. 
182-183 

132. www.leaderu.com/offices/ 
schaefer/ docs/ scientists.html 

133. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Univeyqs. 
191 

134. William Dembski, The Act of 
Creation Bridging Transcendence 
and Immanence, presented at 
Millstatt Forum, Strasbourg, France, 
10 August 1998 

135. Stephen C. Meyer, taken from his 
lecture titled 'The Explanatory Power 
of Design: DNAand the Origin of 
Information /delivered at "Mere 
Creation: Reclaiming the Book of 
Nature", Conference on Design and 
Origins, Biola University, November 
14-17, 1996 

136. http://www.leaderu.com/ 
real/ ri9403/ evidence.html 

137. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Universp. 
181 

138. Sharon Begley with Marian Westley, 
"Science Finds God", Newsweefyuly, 
20, 1998, p.46 

139. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 



of God in an Expanding Univeyqs. 
219 

140. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Univeyqs. 
212 

141. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Universp. 
196 

142. Acts of the Second International 
Catechetical Congress, Rome, 20-25, 
September 1971, Rome Studium, 
1972 pp. 449-450 

143. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Universp. 
Ill 

144. Michael Girouard, taken from his 
lecture titled Is it Possible for Life to 
Emerge by Coincidences?delivered at 
the second international conference, 
named "The Collapse of the Theory 
of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", 
organized by the Science Research 
Foundation on July 5, 1998 in 
Istanbul, Turkey. 

145. Edward Boudreaux, taken from his 
lecture titled 'The Design in 
Chemistry " delivered at the second 
international conference, named "The 
Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: 
The Fact of Creation", organized by 
the Science Research Foundation on 
July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey. 

146. Kenneth Cumming, taken from his 
lecture delivered at the first 
international conference, named "The 
Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: 
The Fact of Creation", organized by 
the Science Research Foundation on 
April 4, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey. 

147. Carl Fliermans, taken from his 
lecture delivered at the second 
international conference, named "The 
Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: 
The Fact of Creation", organized by 
the Science Research Foundation on 
July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey. 

148. David Menton, taken from his 



191 



lecture delivered at the second 
international conference, named "The 
Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: 
The Fact of Creation", organized by 
the Science Research Foundation on 
July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey. 

149. John Morris, taken from his lecture 
delivered at the second international 
conference, named "The Collapse of 
the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of 
Creation", organized by the Science 
Research Foundation on July 5, 1998 
in Istanbul, Turkey. 

150. John Marks Templeton, Evidence of 
Purpose - Scientists Discover the 
Creator, Continuum, New York 1994, 
p.103 

151. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Universp. 
165 

152. Newsweefiuly, 20, 1998, p.49 

153. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Univergp. 
155 

154. Newsweejcjuly, 20, 1998, p.49 

155. Newsweejcjuly, 20, 1998, p.48-49 

156. Hugh Ross, Creator and the Cosmps 
p.112 

157. Hugh Ross, Design and the Anthropic 
Principle, Reasons to Believe, CA1988 

158. Duane Gish, taken from his lecture 
delivered at the first international 
conference, named "The Collapse of 
the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of 
Creation", organized by the Science 
Research Foundation on April 4, 
1998 in Istanbul, Turkey. 

159. http://earth.ics.uci.edu/faqs/ 
kouznetsov.html 

160. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence 
of God in an Expanding Universp. 
225 



161. Michael J.Behe, Darwin's Black Box 
New York: Free Press, 1996, p.196 

162. Tim Stafford, The Making of a 
Revolution, Christianity Toda,y 
Volume 41, Number 14, December 8, 
1997 

163. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth 
Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - 
Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs 
Templeton Foundation Press, 
Philadelphia &, London, pp.3,14 

164. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth 
Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - 
Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs 
Templeton Foundation Press, 
Philadelphia &, London, pp.22-23 

165. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth 
Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - 
Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs 
Templeton Foundation Press, 
Philadelphia &, London, pp.50-51 

166. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth 
Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - 
Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs 
Templeton Foundation Press, 
Philadelphia &, London, p. 131 

167. http://www.rae.org/dendar.html 

168. http://www.rae.org/matersci.html 

169. http://www.leaderu.com/ 
truth/3truthll.html 

170. William Lane Craig, Cosmos and 
Creator Origins & Design, vol.17, 
p.18 

1 71 . http: / / www.answersingenesis.org/ 
Docs/31 19.htm 

172. Robert Matthews, Unravelling The 
Mind ofGodp.8 

173. Claude Tresmontant, "It is Easier to 
Prove the Existence of God Than It 
Used to Be", Realites. Paris, April 
1967, p. 46